Skip to main content

Currently Skimming:


Pages 8-23

The Chapter Skim interface presents what we've algorithmically identified as the most significant single chunk of text within every page in the chapter.
Select key terms on the right to highlight them within pages of the chapter.


From page 8...
... 8C h a p t e r 3 Purpose of Guidelines The purpose of these guidelines is to provide guidance for the initiation and operation of an automated enforcement program that will enhance safety, garner public support, adequately use resources, and have a strong legal foundation. This guidance is intended both for agencies that currently have programs and agencies interested in starting a program.
From page 9...
... Guidelines for automated enforcement 9 no other contributing factors, such as improperly timed traffic signals or limited sight distance, that are increasing the occurrence of violations, since these may suggest countermeasures other than enforcement. Once a community understands that a problem exists, accepting changes designed to address the problem can begin.
From page 10...
... 10 automated enforcement for Speeding and red Light running establishing programs under home rule authority should keep in mind that changes to state law can limit, or even prohibit, their programs. Even if a program is established under home rule, efforts to educate state legislators about the safety benefits of the program would be well worth the investment of time.
From page 11...
... Guidelines for automated enforcement 11 Violation Notice Requirements The legislation should define the minimum required elements for violation notices. The notice should contain the name and address of the responsible party, the registration data from the vehicle involved in the violation, the amount of the penalty to be paid, information on how to contest the violation, and the sanctions to be imposed for not paying or contesting the violation properly.
From page 12...
... 12 automated enforcement for Speeding and red Light running Image/Data Privacy The use of automated enforcement images and data associated with them should be limited to law enforcement or authorized civilian employees for the prosecution of the specified offense. These limitations help reduce legislative opposition from groups that believe sharing this information would violate privacy.
From page 13...
... Guidelines for automated enforcement 13 Use of Revenue Generated The law should specify where automated enforcement fine money is sent. The same specification should be made for late fees and any other related program administration fees.
From page 14...
... 14 automated enforcement for Speeding and red Light running Agencies may have difficulty evaluating several different types and manufacturers of technology to determine what can most reliably meet their needs. The IACP and NHTSA have teamed up to work with manufacturers and other stakeholders to address this concern.
From page 15...
... Guidelines for automated enforcement 15 Public Education One key component of developing a new enforcement program is informing the public of the program, especially the location of camera installation, process for adjudication of citations, use of revenue, and results of program evaluation in terms of effect on violations and crashes. In addition to conducting a public information campaign, a jurisdiction should consider assessing public support prior to, and during, implementation of the program.
From page 16...
... 16 automated enforcement for Speeding and red Light running • Media coverage • Public meetings • Brochures • Public service announcements • Print ads • Mailings • Billboards The public information campaign should emphasize that the objective of the program is to improve safety. This is especially important in interviews with the media because some organizations may focus on revenue generation and other potentially controversial aspects of a program.
From page 17...
... Guidelines for automated enforcement 17 like to present evidence to their local court system should also be described (e.g., an agency may require a percentage of the work be completed by a disadvantaged business enterprise)
From page 18...
... 18 automated enforcement for Speeding and red Light running Camera Installation Number of Cameras Cameras are not needed at every intersection or along every corridor because studies have found them to have a "halo" or spillover effect on surrounding locations, and a general deterrence effect jurisdictionwide, if the program is intensive enough. There is no optimal number of cameras that has been identified, although there is recent research confirming that more intensive programs have larger benefits.
From page 19...
... Guidelines for automated enforcement 19 • Crash types -- The analysis could be targeted to include only the crash types of interest. It is generally accepted that red light cameras have the potential to reduce angle and left-turn opposing crashes at signalized intersections.
From page 20...
... 20 automated enforcement for Speeding and red Light running For speed camera locations, the program director should ensure the speed limit is clearly communicated to approaching drivers, is set based on an engineering study, and is appropriate for the location. USLIMITS2 is a Web-based tool that can be used to assist in determining the appropriate speed limit for a specific section of roadway (8)
From page 21...
... Guidelines for automated enforcement 21 The program policy should establish clear issuance criteria that delineate when a violation has occurred and should be ticketed. For example, the criteria for red light camera enforcement should be that the vehicle bumper must be positioned prior to the stop bar in the first red light camera image, and the second image must show the entire vehicle passed the stop bar.
From page 22...
... 22 automated enforcement for Speeding and red Light running If any reviews identify a change in condition or system operation, the system should be taken off line until the issue can be addressed, the program manager can be confident that the system is operating as intended, and all related traffic control is appropriate, visible, and conspicuous. Monitoring a Program's Performance The objective of automated enforcement is to improve safety by reducing crashes caused by the violations enforced.
From page 23...
... Guidelines for automated enforcement 23 problem and the resolution demonstrates the agency's commitment to an open, honest program that is deserving of the public's trust. Resource Requirements The resource requirements of a program are dependent on the program structure but in most cases will involve additional personnel.

Key Terms



This material may be derived from roughly machine-read images, and so is provided only to facilitate research.
More information on Chapter Skim is available.