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Pages 56-78

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From page 56...
... VI-1 SECTION VI Guidance for Implementation of the AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan Outline for a Model Implementation Process Exhibit VI-1 gives an overview of an 11-step model process for implementing a program of strategies for any given emphasis area of the AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan. After a short introduction, each of the steps is outlined in further detail.
From page 57...
... SECTION VI -- GUIDANCE FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AASHTO STRATEGIC HIGHWAY SAFETY PLAN VI-2 Purpose of the Model Process The process described in this section is provided as a model rather than a standard. Many users of this guide will already be working within a process established by their agency or working group.
From page 58...
... SECTION VI -- GUIDANCE FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AASHTO STRATEGIC HIGHWAY SAFETY PLAN • Emergency medical systems, and • System management. With the establishment of a working group, it is then possible to finalize an understanding of the nature and limitations of what needs to be done in the form of a set of program policies, guidelines, and specifications (Steps 3 and 4)
From page 59...
... • Endorsement and chartering of the team and project (Steps 1 through 4) , • Project planning (Steps 5 through 8)
From page 60...
... SECTION VI -- GUIDANCE FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AASHTO STRATEGIC HIGHWAY SAFETY PLAN Implementation Step 1: Identify and Define the Problem General Description Program development begins with gathering data and creating and analyzing information. The implementation process being described in this guide is one that will be done in the context of a larger strategic process.
From page 61...
... mileage administered by local agencies. To accomplish problem identification in this manner will require a cooperative, coordinated process.
From page 62...
... SECTION VI -- GUIDANCE FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AASHTO STRATEGIC HIGHWAY SAFETY PLAN VI-7 should be presented in a manner to allow top management to quickly grasp the key findings and help them decide which of the emphasis areas should be pursued further, and at what level of funding. However, the report must also document the detailed work that has been done, so that those who do the later stages of work will have the necessary background.
From page 63...
... 5.2. Statistical analysis (high-hazard locations, over-representation of contributing circumstances, crash types, conditions, and populations)
From page 64...
... SECTION VI -- GUIDANCE FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AASHTO STRATEGIC HIGHWAY SAFETY PLAN VI-9 Implementation Step 2: Recruit Appropriate Participants for the Program General Description A critical early step in the implementation process is to engage all the stakeholders that may be encompassed within the scope of the planned program. The stakeholders may be from outside agencies (e.g., state patrol, county governments, or citizen groups)
From page 65...
... SECTION VI -- GUIDANCE FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AASHTO STRATEGIC HIGHWAY SAFETY PLAN VI-10 3.5. Outlining the organizational framework for the working group and other stakeholders cooperating on this effort 3.6.
From page 66...
... SECTION VI -- GUIDANCE FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AASHTO STRATEGIC HIGHWAY SAFETY PLAN Implementation Step 3: Establish Crash Reduction Goals General Description The AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan established a national goal of saving 5,000 to 7,000 lives annually by the year 2005. Some states have established statewide goals for the reduction of fatalities or crashes of a certain degree of severity.
From page 67...
... Implementation Step 4: Develop Program Policies, Guidelines, and Specifications General Description A foundation and framework are needed for solving the identified safety problems. The implementation process will need to be guided and evaluated according to a set of goals, objectives, and related performance measures.
From page 68...
... SECTION VI -- GUIDANCE FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AASHTO STRATEGIC HIGHWAY SAFETY PLAN Implementation Step 5: Develop Alternative Approaches to Addressing the Problem General Description Having defined the problem and established a foundation, the next step is to find ways to address the identified problems. If the problem identification stage has been done effectively (see Appendix D for further details on identifying road safety problems)
From page 69...
... In addition, the tables referenced in Appendix G provide examples for linking identified problems with candidate strategies. The second part of this step is to assemble sets of strategies into alternative "program packages." Some strategies are complementary to others, while some are more effective when combined with others.
From page 70...
... SECTION VI -- GUIDANCE FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AASHTO STRATEGIC HIGHWAY SAFETY PLAN Implementation Step 6: Evaluate Alternatives and Select a Plan General Description This step is needed to arrive at a logical basis for prioritizing and selecting among the alternative strategies or program packages that have been developed. There are several activities that need to be performed.
From page 71...
... Specific Elements 1. Assess feasibility 1.1.
From page 72...
... SECTION VI -- GUIDANCE FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AASHTO STRATEGIC HIGHWAY SAFETY PLAN Implementation Step 7: Submit Recommendations for Action by Top Management General Description The working group has completed the important planning tasks and must now submit the results and conclusions to those who will make the decision on whether to proceed further. Top management, at this step, will primarily be determining if an investment will be made in this area.
From page 73...
... Implementation Step 8: Develop a Plan of Action General Description At this stage, the working group will usually detail the program that has been selected for implementation. This step translates the program into an action plan, with all the details needed by both decision makers, who will have to commit to the investment of resources, and those charged with carrying it out.
From page 74...
... SECTION VI -- GUIDANCE FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AASHTO STRATEGIC HIGHWAY SAFETY PLAN 3. Detail a program evaluation plan 3.1.
From page 75...
... Implementation Step 9: Establish Foundations for Implementing the Program General Description Once approved, some "groundwork" is often necessary to establish a foundation for carrying out the selected program. This is somewhat similar to what was done in Step 4.
From page 76...
... SECTION VI -- GUIDANCE FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AASHTO STRATEGIC HIGHWAY SAFETY PLAN Implementation Step 10: Carry Out the Action Plan General Description Conditions have been established to allow the program to be started. The activities of implementation may be divided into activities associated with field preparation for whatever actions are planned and the actual field implementation of the plan.
From page 77...
... Implementation Step 11: Assess and Transition the Program General Description The AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan includes improvement in highway safety management. A key element of that is the conduct of properly designed program evaluations.
From page 78...
... SECTION VI -- GUIDANCE FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AASHTO STRATEGIC HIGHWAY SAFETY PLAN 1.3. Evaluate the degree to which goals and objectives were achieved (using performance measures)

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