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Pages 221-242

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From page 221...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Page 6-1 Land Development Guidelines CHAPTER 6. LAND DEVELOPMENT GUIDELINES INTRODUCTION The growth and development of urban areas reflects the impacts of transportation technology.
From page 222...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Land Development Guidelines Page 6-2 Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide "For development to be transit-oriented, it needs to be more than just adjacent to transit. Development generally needs to be shaped by transit in terms of parking, density, and/or building orientation in comparison to conventional development for it to be considered transit-oriented.
From page 223...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Page 6-3 Land Development Guidelines EXHIBIT 6-1 Land Value Results of Selected Price Model Studies Author(s) Data Source Selected Results Heavy Rail Rapid Transit Cervero and Duncan, 2002b 3,802 sales of properties in multi-family housing in Los Angeles in 2000 No evidence of appreciable effects LewisWorkman and Brod, 1997 All recorded single family property sales (263)
From page 224...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Land Development Guidelines Page 6-4 Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide EXHIBIT 6-2 Reported Land Development Benefits of BRT BRT System Land Development Benefits Adelaide Guided Busway Tea Tree Gully area is becoming urban village. Bogotá TransMilenio For every 5 minutes of additional walking time to a BRT station, the rental price of a property decreases between 6.8% and 9.3% after controlling for structural characteristics and neighborhood attributes Boston Silver Line (rebuilt Washington Street)
From page 225...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Page 6-5 Land Development Guidelines Achieving TOD with BRT Achieving TOD at BRT stations requires (1) providing the right mix, design, and density of activities; (2)
From page 226...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Land Development Guidelines Page 6-6 Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide The various factors do not explicitly depend on the mode of the premium service. They depend instead on service design decisions and external factors (such as market conditions, the specifics of land development regulations, and site design)
From page 227...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Page 6-7 Land Development Guidelines Boston Overview of TOD Program The Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority (MBTA) and State of Massachusetts define TOD as mixed-use, higher-density, pedestrian-oriented development located within 0.5 mile of a transit station and designed to encourage transit use, walking, and other alternative modes of transportation.
From page 228...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Land Development Guidelines Page 6-8 Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Impacts BRA noted that $700 million of development occurred in a 1.5-mile stretch of the Washington Street corridor in the same time period as the Silver Line was being implemented. Public investment in the corridor was clearly an impetus for development, but it is difficult to determine how influential the Silver Line operation has been relative to other investments such as roadway resurfacing and streetscaping.
From page 229...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Page 6-9 Land Development Guidelines space for commercial uses that would create conflicts with residential uses or other less intensive types of land uses; and maintain the efficiency of the City's existing and planned traffic network. • The Urban Industrial (UI)
From page 230...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Land Development Guidelines Page 6-10 Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide SOURCE: City of Pittsburgh Zoning Code EXHIBIT 6-5 Site Development Standards for Pittsburgh's HC District SOURCE: City of Pittsburgh Zoning Code EXHIBIT 6-6 Site Development Standards for Pittsburgh's UI District Ottawa Overview of TOD Program In Ottawa, TOD is development that is focused on Mixed-Use Centers. MixedUse Centers are "lands that have been identified as strategic locations on the rapid transit network.
From page 231...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Page 6-11 Land Development Guidelines Requirements and Incentives To construct a Mixed-Use Center, developers must complete a Community Design Plan for Council approval. Community Design Plans delineate the boundaries of the Mixed-Use Center and guide development in Mixed-Use Centers by regulating how buildings are oriented to the rapid transit network, parking supply (regulated within 1,300 feet)
From page 232...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Land Development Guidelines Page 6-12 Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide implemented in 2006, may include a TOD incentive program. City staff provided the following examples of what the new zoning may allow: • The maximum parking requirement within 1,300 feet of a transit station is 1 parking space per 455 square feet of development.
From page 233...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Page 6-13 Land Development Guidelines their insights. Developer contacts were identified from the initial local jurisdiction contacts and, in the case of Ottawa, from station area walking maps such as the one in Exhibit 6-7.
From page 234...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Land Development Guidelines Page 6-14 Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide The Washington Street corridor was served by the Orange Line -- an elevated heavy rail line -- until 1987, when the Orange Line was shifted to right-of-way that had been purchased for a highway. Exhibit 6-8 is a map of the MBTA subway system, which includes the Silver Line.
From page 235...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Page 6-15 Land Development Guidelines surveyed developers have seen a benefit in the connections to downtown provided by the Silver Line, and some of their projects have less parking because of the adjacent transit. However, most projects still contain on-site structured parking to meet the needs of tenants.
From page 236...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Land Development Guidelines Page 6-16 Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Developer Involvement in Transitway Development The City indicated that developers had the opportunity to be involved in the development of the rapid transit network because the City used a very extensive public involvement process during the Rapid Transit Expansion Study, development of the City's Transportation Master Plan, and development of the City's 2020 Growth Management Strategy. The City also regularly has dialogues with the local Homebuilders Association, the local chapter of the Building Owners and Managers Association, and the federal government (which is the largest employer in Ottawa)
From page 237...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Page 6-17 Land Development Guidelines • The City's perspective on developer interest in BRT components is generally supported by the developer surveys. The City's perspective on developers' views of LRT vs.
From page 238...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Land Development Guidelines Page 6-18 Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide • TOD works best in dynamic markets. Strong markets are particularly important for retail developments.
From page 239...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Page 6-19 Land Development Guidelines • The surveys conducted for this Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide suggest that, for developers, financial concerns related to TOD requirements, TOD incentives, and demonstrated agency commitment to the BRT (or rail) service are important.
From page 240...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Land Development Guidelines Page 6-20 Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide • "More defined stations attract potential development," according to CBRT (9)
From page 241...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Page 6-21 Land Development Guidelines • The Center for Transit-Oriented Development maintains the National TOD Database, which is a "GIS [geographical information system] database that combines a current demographic snapshot of who presently lives near transit with information on travel behavior in each transit region of the country." A promising potential application of this database is the ability to derive historical trends and before-and-after comparisons of station area development.
From page 242...
... Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Land Development Guidelines Page 6-22 Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner's Guide Development: Developing a Strategy to Measure Success. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2005.

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