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4 Sustainable Manufacturing
Pages 31-34

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From page 31...
... . These cost curves display two opportunities in engaging private decision makers to consider more sustainable action by showing, firstly, that about a third of the curve's carbon-cutting activities is economical and profitable for businesses to implement, shown in Figure 4-1 as recycling and energy efficiency plotted against cost per ton of CO2e; and secondly, that the immediate profit and benefit shown in this curve resonate with business decision makers, shown in Figure 4-1 by the low cost per ton of CO2e of the capital intensity of carbon cutting activities, i.e., recycling and energy efficiency, and encourage consideration of further sustainable actions.
From page 32...
... Julie Zimmerman, associate professor of environmental engineering jointly appointed at the Yale School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, provided an overview of what the business status quo reveals about achieving success in the marketplace and how the sustainable manufacturing field has diverted or will divert from the status quo to improve product and process function, performance, and service. Popular status quo metrics, as well as assessments of cost-benefit analysis and risk assessment may take a limited approach to evaluating outcomes.
From page 33...
... Skerlos acknowledged that sustainability manufacturing has devoted minimal efforts to address larger questions of the enterprise decision-making process, such as "should fossil fuels continue to power automobiles? " A sustainability context could add significant value to business product, process, and policy decision making by contributing regulated market behavior models that account for unexpected and irrational consumer behavior, life-cycle assessment models from economic and social perspectives in addition to environmental perspectives, and models assessing the local and regional impacts of supply chains.
From page 34...
... While autonomous vehicles may offer numerous solutions in the long term, a sense of urgency and principal focus on actions that may be implemented under the shortness of the time frame available would be useful.

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