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From page 6...
... 7 chapter two LITERATURE REVIEW Transit agencies face many challenges from extreme weather events. They are attempting to mitigate risk, damage, and liability as they manage operations and provide service to millions of customers each year who depend on service for access to work, medical care, community participation, and entertainment.
From page 7...
... 8 • System downtime, derailments, and slower travel times because of buckling of pavement or rail lines during extremely hot days. • Restricted access to local economies and public transportation.
From page 8...
... 9 during significant snow events has increased. This implies that intense snowfall is actually more common now and that the number of extreme snowstorms and rainstorms is expected to increase as a result (Union of Concerned Scientists 2015)
From page 9...
... 10 to a mix of transportation modes that incorporate transit, cycling, and walking across modern urban landscapes, and even accessibility standards from the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) , has put pressure on governments and transit agencies to accommodate modes beyond just automobile travel during such events.
From page 10...
... 11 and bus routes, for emergency vehicles. Next, heavily traveled local streets are plowed, followed by side streets.

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