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Pages 16-20

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From page 16...
... 16 C h a p t e r 3 This chapter examines why and how state and local transportation agencies can intervene in the market to nudge private-sector choices in ways that would benefit society. Simultaneously, it describes the potential of AV and CV technologies to disrupt the traditional activities of state and local transportation agencies, making such interventions difficult.
From page 17...
... 17 • Directly, by changing the price or by imposing a tax or providing a subsidy. • Indirectly, by imposing controls on the quantity of a good that is produced or sold -- most often through a cap-andtrade-style system.
From page 18...
... 18 Information and Outreach Public involvement and education are used to inform the planning process. This step is also a planning activity that can have a direct influence on the behavior of consumers and producers in the market.
From page 19...
... 19 Table 4. Impacts on transportation agencies.
From page 20...
... 20 Funding Impacts AV and CV applications could increase passenger and commercial VMT, increasing the costs associatedwith maintaining and operating roadways Exacerbate funding issues AV and CV systems could increase need for visible lane striping, more visible signs, removal of roadway obstructions, physical infrastructure to support CV applications, and detailed infrastructure-related data to support CV applications SAVs could reduce the amount of revenue derived from vehicle registration fees Reduce vehicle registration, sales tax, or licensing revenue SAVs could bring about a decline in vehicle ownership and then a decline in vehicle production (and associated decline in vehicle sales) SAVs could result in fewer professional drivers and traditional taxi services, thus bringing about a decline in revenues from sources such as commercial driver's licenses and taxi medallions AVs could be deployedwith electric-motor-based technologies Reduce fuel tax revenue AV and CV systems could increase VMT and include technology for usage-based revenuemeasurement Increase revenue frommileage-based usage AV and CV systems could reduce driver error Reduce revenues frommoving violations AVs or SAVs could reduce mass transit utilization Reduce transit fares and federal funding associatedwith ridership levels Potential AV/CV Outcome Transportation Agency Impacts Table 4.

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