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Appendix C: The Targeting of the American Electorate
Pages 149-152

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From page 149...
... We have high confidence in these judgments.2 The report concluded: Russian efforts to influence the 2016 US presidential election represent the most recent expression of Moscow's longstanding desire to undermine the US-led liberal democratic order, but these activities demonstrated a significant escalation in directness, level of activity, and scope of effort compared to previous operations.3 1  In this case, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Central Intelligence Agency, and the National Security Agency. 2  Office of the Director of National Intelligence, "Assessing Russian Activities and Inten tions in Recent US Elections, Intelligence Community Assessment," January 6, 2017, p.
From page 150...
... When it appeared to Moscow that Secretary Clinton was likely to win the election, the Russian influence campaign began to focus more on undermining her future presidency;" that "further information has come to light since Election Day that, when combined with Russian behavior since early November 2016, increases our confidence in our assessments of Russian motivations and goals;" that "­ oscow's influence campaign followed a Russian messaging strategy that blends covert M intelligence operations -- such as cyber activity -- with overt efforts by Russian Government agencies, state-funded media, third-party intermediaries, and paid social media users or ‘trolls.' Russia, like its Soviet predecessor, has a history of conducting covert influence campaigns focused on US presidential elections that have used intelligence officers and agents and press placements to disparage candidates perceived as hostile to the Kremlin;" that "Russia's intelligence services conducted cyber operations against targets associated with the 2016 US presidential election, including targets associated with both major US political parties;" and that "We assess with high confidence that Russian military intelligence (General Staff Main Intelligence Directorate or GRU) used the Guccifer 2.0 persona and to release US victim data obtained in cyber operations publicly and in exclusives to media outlets and relayed material to WikiLeaks .
From page 151...
... It is unclear how effectively democratic societies can continue to deliberate and function, and how hostile foreign actors can be identified and neutralized."9 7  Haley, Nikki, panel with Nikki Haley, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations and former Secretaries of State Madeleine Albright and Condoleezza Rice.

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