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From page 1...
... In response to a request from NASA, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine established the Committee on Extraterrestrial Sample Analysis Facilities to determine the current capabilities within the planetary science community for sample return analyses and curation and where these facilities are located; to assess what capabilities are currently missing that will be needed for future sample return missions, as guided by the decadal survey;1 to evaluate whether current laboratory support infrastructure and NASA's investment strategy are adequate to meet these analytical challenges; and to advise how the community can keep abreast of evolving and new techniques in order to stay at the forefront of extraterrestrial sample analysis. Readers are directed to the following chapters: • Chapter 1: Introduction • Chapter 2: Sample Return Missions and Other Collections 1  National Research Council, 2011, Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022, The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C.,
From page 2...
... In addition, as many of the current planetary sample scientists will be retired before some of these missions are flown, laboratory sustainability requires training young scientists in analytical methods and instrumentation and growing the next crop of instrument developers. With the greater challenges of possible future sample return missions that seek to return martian samples, or possibly ices and gases, the committee concludes that developing new partnerships with related communities that analyze terrestrial samples, international collaboration, and finding ways for interdisciplinary discussion and knowledge sharing will be critical.
From page 3...
... Technology development focused on Cryogenic Comet Sample Return, as recommended by the decadal survey, is warranted, and exploring technologies already available in related communities that analyze terrestrial samples of ices, gases, and organic matter could benefit the extraterrestrial sample analysis community. Given that development of curatorial facilities and instrumentation to handle these challenging materials will likely take decades to complete, the committee recommends that NASA Planetary Science Division should make appropriate investments in the technological development of novel instrumentation and unconventional analytical techniques, specifically for curation, as well as characterization and analysis of nontraditional samples that are expected to be returned from future missions.
From page 4...
... Such facilities will require advanced planning and new technologies for the return of significant organic matter, ices, and gases. To ensure that NASA and the science community continue to be at the forefront of extraterrestrial sample curation and analysis, the committee recommends that NASA Planetary Science Division should increase support for Johnson Space Center to develop appropriate curatorial and characterization facilities relevant to and necessary for future sample returns of organic matter, ices, and gases.

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