Skip to main content

Currently Skimming:

2 Global and National Biomedical Research Environment
Pages 14-18

The Chapter Skim interface presents what we've algorithmically identified as the most significant single chunk of text within every page in the chapter.
Select key terms on the right to highlight them within pages of the chapter.

From page 14...
... Some dimensions are more widely recognized and have supporting references, while others relate to the individual and collective experience and judgment of committee members. These factors are summarized in Table 2.1.This changing landscape is the contemporary and emerging terrain in which the NIH Bethesda Campus must successfully compete if it is to maintain a global leadership role and to serve as an essential distinctive national security asset.
From page 15...
... GLOBAL AND NATIONAL BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH ENVIRONMENT 15 FIGURE 2.1 Global biomedical ecosystem. TABLE 2.1 The Changing Biomedical/Health Global Research Environment Past Current and Emerging United States and NIH Bethesda Campus Exceptional biomedical research capacity existing in domination of global biomedical research multiple locations, and global competition for talent and discovery Consistent and measured pace of transformation Rapidly accelerating pace of transformative change Traditional discrete disciplines Transdisciplinary/multidisciplinary Funding directed at the discovery of basic Increasing focus on commercialization and application biological processes to advance knowledge of discoveries and maintenance of intellectual property Expected deliverable: discovery Expected deliverable: cures or disease prevention/avoidance Focus on biomedical Focus on bio-psycho-social-technological Independent and siloed data repositories Informatics, "big data," data science, data analytics Abundance of young talent having defined career Global competition for young talent having nonlinear tracks and "fluid" career tracks Research conducted by individual teams Research conducted by multi- and interdisciplinary research teams collaborating on the local, national, and international level in a team science environment Top-down management Complex adaptive systems approach Buildings designed around traditional disciplinary "Social buildings" to enable interdisciplinary team and departmental structures; designated "wet lab" based research, with space that is flexible and space and offices assigned to principal investigators adaptable to support present needs and capable of and their teams rapidly accommodating future demands
From page 16...
... Based on the successes of past breakthroughs, public and elected officials increasingly seek not simply a better understanding of underlying disease mechanisms or a new drug or treatment that palliates or slows the progression of a dreaded health conditions, but instead seek "magic bullets" that cure or totally prevent such conditions. In addition to seeking cures, gaining "intellectual property" and spawning commercial success increasingly drives discovery, creating ethical dilemmas and sometimes catalyzing inappropriate behavior.
From page 17...
... Among the considerations are strategies that minimize "stranded space capital assets" and stretch the useful life of new facilities to sustain research discoveries with those features that improve retention and recruitment of scientists. Perhaps the most widely acknowledged key trend impacting research infrastructure is the increased prominence of "big data," which simply means collecting massive amounts of raw data, storing it, and then analyzing it and disseminating the findings of the analyses, with the priority often being given to finding or creating actionable data.3 Research enterprises must confront the issue of how much computing resources should they build and maintain on location versus relying on cloud computing capabilities.
From page 18...
... The concept of "social buildings" that through architecture and flexible design facilitate intentional interactions and sharing of resources should be incorporated into the evaluation and capital planning process.5 Successful recruitment, retention, and scientific productivity of an institution's human resources can rely upon the nature of the collaboration possibilities, including direct opportunities for team-based research.6 Research facilities will need to be designed and managed to emphasize easy and effective crossteam collaboration through a variety of working and meeting spaces that are designed to enhance staff interaction and productivity and clinical patient health and recovery improvements. One additional trend suggests increased research collaboration among public and private organizations, often facilitated by science conducted with shared facilities that include high-cost and specialized equipment and shared clinical capital assets (ACRP, 2018)

This material may be derived from roughly machine-read images, and so is provided only to facilitate research.
More information on Chapter Skim is available.