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Appendix E: Workshop Summary - Communications, Cyber Resilience, and the Future of the U.S. Electric Power System
Pages 302-307

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From page 302...
... The workshop included six panel discussions featuring experts from industry, government, and academia, each followed by open discussions among speakers, committee members, and workshop attendees. The agenda was designed to help the committee to synthesize current efforts to increase the cyber resilience of the electric power system and to explore fundamental tensions that underlie grid architecture and different computing and communication technologies and strategies, such as between simple and complex systems, or between compliance and preparedness.
From page 303...
... While the list of topics discussed was not exhaustive, the workshop was organized with the goals of bringing diverse and potentially conflicting ideas into one room to facilitate transparent discussion, to challenge assumptions, and to lead to new insights to address cybersecurity risks facing the grid. A more robust discussion of the physical threats to the grid can be found in the previous National Academies reports Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation's Electricity System1 and Terrorism and the Electric Power Delivery System.2 STRENGTHS OF THE ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM Several key themes emerged over the course of the workshop.
From page 304...
... "The security and resilience of our country is becoming more intertwined with critical infrastructure than ever before," said Caitlin Durkovich, Toffler Associates. "We also know that nation states understand and continue to get better insight into the importance of our nation's infrastructure to our national security and our economic security." WORKING TOWARD RESILIENCE To counter these threats, participants stressed the need to build resilient power systems, which committee member Bill Sanders defined as being capable of "providing trustworthy grid operation in hostile environments." Several speakers urged a proactive effort to increase the capacity not only to protect and defend against attacks but to respond and recover when they occur.
From page 305...
... STAKEHOLDER ROLES AND RELATIONSHIPS Participants recognized government standards as an important component of the effort to address grid cybersecurity challenges, but some noted that standards and regulations are not agile enough to keep up with the threat landscape and the pace of technology innovation. The regulatory landscape is also highly varied: Speakers pointed out differences in regulation of bulk power versus public service commissions, bulk power transmission versus distribution, and commercial communications networks versus utilities' private networks.
From page 306...
... Electric Power Research Institute John Kappenman, Storm Analysis Consultants Mark Lauby, North American Electric Reliability Corporation Randy Horton, Electric Power Research Institute 11:10 AM Break 11:25 AM Panel 2 -- Where and How Should Digital Technologies Be Used to Improve Security and Resiliency? Moderator: Jeffery Dagle,*
From page 307...
... Denotes member of National Academies Committee on the Future of Electric Power in the United States.

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