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3 The Profession and Its Societal Impacts: Gateways to Science, Pathways to Diversity, Equity, and Sustainability
Pages 81-124

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From page 82...
... As with any investment, these investments in people require responsible PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 3-2
From page 96...
... in 2018. This is a synthetic cohort in that it does not represent a literal longitudinal tracking of the same individuals over time; rather, the experience of the cohort is inferred by comparing national demographics data at time points separated by the typical PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 3-16
From page 107...
... BOX 3.1 Harassment and Discrimination Since 2018, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine have released multiple consensus reports that have taken a systemic look at addressing harassment and discrimination as key issues in higher education and academic research: Sexual Harassment of Women: Climate, Culture, and Consequences in Academic Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; Graduate STEM Education for the 21st Century; The Science of Effective Mentorship in STEMM; and Minority Serving Institutions: America's Underutilized Resource for Strengthening the STEM Workforce; as well as the Exoplanet Science Strategy report.1 A common theme in these reports is to situate the issue of sexual harassment and discrimination within the broader cultures of academia and scientific work environments. As described in the National Academies report on Sexual Harassment of Women: "Four aspects of the science, engineering, and medicine academic workplace tend to silence targets of harassment as well as limit career opportunities for both targets and bystanders: (1)
From page 114...
... Such a community-based model requires first that the astronomy community PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 3-34
From page 115...
... The astronomy community could, as a sign of mutual respect, implement new journal citation standards, developed in partnership with Indigenous communities, that can be used in journal articles and talks in order to appropriately and respectfully credit Indigenous Traditional knowledge, oral histories, and protocols, and acknowledge the use of historically Indigenous lands. In addition, in alignment with other recommendations in this report toward increased transparency and accountability, facilities could engage in proactive efforts to assess local, societal, and cultural impacts -- through a Community Astronomy approach that goes beyond mere regulatory compliance -- including all stakeholders; as recommended in a previous National Academies report, "facility design should cultivate, incorporate, and build on the perspectives of human dimensions research."94 Facilities could also report openly and regularly on these assessments, and make plans for 94 See
From page 116...
... As in the case of Maunakea and other sites, a Community Astronomy approach could fruitfully guide NSF, the local community, and the astronomy community in making plans for the disposition and future manifestation of Arecibo in a manner that is consistent with the scientific and programmatic priorities of this decadal report and that reflects the values and principles articulated above. Conclusion: NSF, NASA, DOE, facility managing organizations, project consortia, individual institutions, and other stakeholders can work to build partnerships with Indigenous and local communities that are more functional and sustained through a Community Astronomy approach, and by increasing the modes of engagement and funding for: (i)

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