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Appendix C: Federal Computing Research Programs Related to Ethical and Societal Impact Concerns
Pages 101-105

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From page 101...
... Directorate and the Networking and Information Technology Research and Development National Coordination Office (NITRD NCO) were asked to provide examples of federal computing research programs announced or continued in fiscal year 2021 that include a call for research aimed at identifying and confronting ethical and societal concerns related to the computing research being proposed and factors to be considered in addressing them including multidisciplinary research aimed at identifying ethical and societal concerns related to computing research.
From page 102...
... The program encourages researchers to work with community stakeholders to identify and define challenges they are facing, enabling those challenges to motivate use-inspired research questions.  Smart Health and Biomedical Research in the Era of Artificial Intelligence and Advanced Data Science (SCH)
From page 103...
... The agency's Vulnerability Disclosure Policy offers guidelines for conducting vulnerability discovery activities about NSF and conveys agency preferences in how to submit discovered vulnerabilities to NSF. PROGRAMS IDENTIFIED BY THE NITRD NCO Department of Commerce National Institute of Standards and Technology  NIST is developing a risk management framework to better manage risks to individuals, organizations, and society associated with artificial intelligence (AI)
From page 104...
... , health equity research, data science training, and data infrastructure." The NIH issued an RFI on "current challenges and opportunities of using cloud computing at universities and colleges" to increase cloud computing access in "diverse biomedical research institutions." The RFI asks for responses to topics such as "barriers to adopt cloud computing including, but not limited to, training and infrastructure gaps, technical barriers, social challenges, perceived risks, and costs." It also requests information on "opportunities and potential impact on biomedical, clinical, behavioral and social science research from greater use of cloud computing." Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 104
From page 105...
...  Ms. Kathryn Coulter Mitchell, science advisor to the Homeland Security Secretary, discusses the partnership DHS is forming with the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency, Critical Infrastructure Resilience Institute Center of Excellence, and industry innovators to provide retraining and reskilling in cyber security, as well as "drive new investments in diversity, social sciences, and research, development, and innovation, which are needed to build the next generation workforce." Department of State  The Department of State Office of S&T Cooperation facilitates American science collaboration and lays its ground rules, providing "valuable access for American scientists to foreign scientific capabilities, facilities, and expertise while also exposing other countries to American science procedures, norms, and values." PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 105

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