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Appendix E: Participatory Research Approaches
Pages 136-139

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From page 136...
... In response, EPA created the Environmental Equity Workgroup in July 1990. In 1994, the Environmental Justice Small Grants program was established to provide financial assistance to eligible organizations to build collaborative partnerships and to empower communities through education, training, and outreach.1 In 2004, EPA's Office of Environmental Justice developed the "Toolkit for Assessing Potential Allegations of Environmental Injustice," a systematic approach to assess and respond to potential allegations of environmental injustice as they occur and to prevent environmental injustices.2 In June 2015, EPA shared with the public the initial version of EJScreen, a web-based screening and mapping tool developed as a nationally consistent approach and datasets for environmental justice.
From page 137...
... The study also invested in building the capacity to ensure that community members were actively engaged and were able to lead the research process. The role of environmental exposures as potential risk factors for cardiovascular disease became an important issue around 2006, coinciding with the implementation of EPA's Arsenic Rule4 and concerns that American Indian communities had regarding disproportionate arsenic exposure from contaminated drinking water in their communities.
From page 138...
... This is a unique, important study that addresses a major environmental disaster ongoing for decades related to abandoned uranium mines and disproportionate metal mixture exposures affecting Indigenous communities, particularly in the Southwest and the Northern Plains. The NBCS is now part of the Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes program, an NIH program investigating how environmental and social stressors and lifestyles affect health outcomes in children.
From page 139...
... Federal regulations and formal training were built to help ensure the reliability and validity of scientific outcomes and public trust in institutional research. Because non-establishment research exists outside this framework, if it is to make significant contributions then it will need an equivalent legitimization in the eyes of regulators and the public (Rasmussen et al., 2020)

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