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3 The Need to Generate Knowledge
Pages 43-48

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From page 43...
... Since existing literature on rule of law, policing, and corruption points to both the opportunities and perils of engaging police in fighting high-level corruption, efforts to do so should be informed by scientific knowledge to the extent possible and monitored for any unintended consequences. ASSEMBLING DATA ON POLICE ANTI-CORRUPTION ROLE Developing such scientific knowledge is key but challenging.
From page 44...
... Yet it also provides repeated cautions about the dif ficulties of discerning the difference between police acting independently to uphold the law, versus police taking sides with one faction that uses the law to take power away from a competing faction. Further cautions concern the generalizability of even clear-cut successes to other countries with different cultures, legal systems, and traditions.
From page 45...
... These analyses should, where possible, identify both specific proximate causes of s­uccess or failure, but also the contextual variables that may have influenced proximate causes. What works to defend rule of law in civil law (i.e., BOX 3-1 The Political Instability Task Force The Political Instability Task Force, established in 1994 (King and Zeng, 2001)
From page 46...
... In order to build a robust evidence base, the following actions could be undertaken: • creation and continuous update of a database comprising a com prehensive set of case studies of successes and failures in police efforts to guard the rule of law against threats by national or local governments. •  a variety of independent analyses, engaging multidisciplinary ­research teams across multiple countries, to examine the proposed database for key predictors of success.
From page 47...
... They also use the same mixed methodology approach to collect information, bringing in data from diverse sources. All development involves politics, so understanding how current sce narios and policies shape behaviors and seeing the layers of context can allow for different insights and more feasible and effective strategies.
From page 48...
... RECOMMENDATION: INL should commission the development of a political economy analysis guidebook for anti-corruption work by a team of expert assessors, anti-corruption experts, and policing experts. The guidebook would be a tool to be applied to individual country assess­ments to inform understanding of the local dynamics affecting the integrity of the rule of law.

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