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From page 73...
... 73   A P P E N D I X B Survey Responses This appendix provides the responses to the survey questionnaire.
From page 74...
... State DOT Bicycle Electric Bicycle Electric Scooter AK AR Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Personal consumer products AZ Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices CA Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Other category Other category CO Other category Motor vehicles Motor vehicles CT Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Other category DC Motor vehicles Motor vehicles Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices DE Motor vehicles Motor vehicles Other category HI Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices IA Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Motor vehicles ID Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices IL Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Other category Other category IN Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices KS Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices KY Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Personal consumer products LA Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices MA Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Not defined/classified Not defined/classified MD Other category Other category Other category ME Motor vehicles Motor vehicles Not defined/classified MI Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices MN Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices MO Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices MT Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices NC Motor vehicles Motor vehicles Other category ND Motor vehicles Motor vehicles Not defined/classified NE Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices NH Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices NJ Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices NM Motor vehicles Not defined/classified Not defined/classified NV Personal consumer products Personal consumer products Personal consumer products NY Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices OH Motor vehicles Motor vehicles Motor vehicles OK Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices RI Motor vehicles Motor vehicles Motor vehicles SD Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices TN Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Other category TX Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices UT Motor vehicles Motor vehicles Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices VA Other category Other category Other category VT Motor vehicles Motor vehicles Not defined/classified WA Other category Other category Other category WI Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices WV Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices WY Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices Question 2. Please indicate how the following micromobility devices are classified by your state DOT (motor vehicles, non-motorized or motorized personal mobility devices, personal consumer products, other category)
From page 75...
... Survey Responses 75   Other Responses: • There is currently a significant movement to update state administrative codes, which originate from 1979 and have yet to be updated. Alaska DPS is the entity responsible for the code changes.
From page 76...
... 76 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices output of no more than seven hundred fifty watts. RCW 46.04.336 "Motorized foot scooter" means a device with two or three wheels that has handlebars, a floorboard that can be stood upon while riding, and is powered by an internal combustion engine or electric motor that has a maximum speed of no greater than twenty miles per hour on level ground.
From page 77...
... Survey Responses 77   Other responses: • We don't have an "Active Transportation Department." • We do not have dedicated staff in Planning; however, we have an Office of Active Transportation that is active with our Research Division in micromobility research. • Yes, part of duties.
From page 78...
... 78 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices • Yes, part of duties. Different parts of the agency have staff with part of duties (e.g., MBTA transit staff working on access to transit)
From page 79...
... Survey Responses 79   Other responses: • Caltrans has identified strategies and actions that support micromobility in our plans and guidance. We view transportation as a multimodal network and aim to create a seamless multimodal travel experience.
From page 80...
... 80 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices • State DOT is local DOT and so many of the functions performed are both state and local. • We currently deal mostly with bicycles although we are initiating a new Active Transportation Plan and will be looking more directly at e-bikes and e-scooters.
From page 81...
... Survey Responses 81   State DOT Yes No AK AR AZ CA CO CT DC DE HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NY OH OK RI TN TX UT VA VT WA WI WV WY Question 5. Does your state DOT include micromobility in statewide transportation plans?
From page 82...
... 82 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices Other responses: • Consider active transportation and how it meets performance measures. • Promotion of electric bikes in Statewide Bicycle Plan.
From page 83...
... Survey Responses 83   emerge in the future and should be considered, but no policies or strategies specifically for micromobility. • Note that statewide transportation planning is led by Virginia's Office of Intermodal Planning and Investment, not technically by VDOT.
From page 84...
... 84 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices State DOT Yes No AK AR AZ CA CO CT DC DE HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NY OH OK RI TN TX UT VA VT WA WI WV WY Question 8. Does your state DOT regulate shared micromobility companies (e.g., Bird, Lime, Spin, etc.)
From page 85...
... Survey Responses 85   State DOT Yes No AK AR AZ CA CO CT DC DE HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NY OH OK RI TN TX UT VA VT WA WI WV WY Question 9. Does your state DOT seek input from shared micromobility companies (e.g., Bird, Lime, Spin, etc.)
From page 86...
... 86 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices Other responses: • Will seek input from other state agencies. • We are the state, local and county DOT.
From page 87...
... Survey Responses 87   Question 11. If yes, please rank the reasons for regulating shared micromobility companies (e.g., Bird, Lime, Spin)
From page 88...
... 88 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices State DOT By state legislation By local ordinances Both by state legislation and local ordinances None AK AR AZ CA CO CT DC DE HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NY OH OK RI TN TX UT VA VT WA WI WV WY Question 12. How is micromobility (shared and/or personal micromobility)
From page 89...
... Survey Responses 89   Other responses: • We are the state, local and county DOT. So within DDOT, we work at all of these levels.
From page 90...
... 90 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices State DOT None State DOT Other state agencies Counties Municipalities Metropolitan/ transportation planning organizations (MPO/TPOs) AK AR AZ CA CO CT DC DE HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NY OH OK RI TN TX UT VA VT WA WI WV WY Question 13.
From page 91...
... Survey Responses 91   Other responses: • Department of Safety. • Secretary of State, DOT, law enforcement, local agencies.
From page 92...
... 92 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices State DOT State agencies applying state laws Local agencies applying/enforcing state laws Local agencies applying local ordinances None AK AR AZ CA CO CT DC DE HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NY OH OK RI TN TX UT VA VT WA WI WV WY Question 14. Which level of government enforces micromobility regulation?
From page 93...
... Survey Responses 93   Other responses: • We are a state agency applying state laws BUT we are different from all other jurisdictions because we are the same agency and are a city-state. • Locals and state.
From page 94...
... 94 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices Other responses: • Planning. • We have bicycle related standards.
From page 95...
... Survey Responses 95   State DOT Area in which the service is provided Hours of operation Equipment used Safety requirements Other deployment requirements (please specify) AK None None None None None AR AZ Local level Local level Local level Local level CA Local level Local level DOT and local level DOT and local level CO Local level Local level Local level Local level Local level CT Local level DOT and local level Local level Local level None DC DOT None DOT DOT DOT DE None None None None None HI None None None None None IA None ID Local level Local level DOT and local level Local level Local level IL DOT and local level IN Local level Local level Local level Local level Local level KS Local level Local level Local level Local level KY Local level Local level Local level Local level Local level LA Local level Local level Local level Local level None MA Local level Local level Local level Local level Local level MD Local level Local level DOT and local level DOT and local level DOT and local level ME None None None None None MI Local level Local level Local level Local level Local level MN Local level Local level Local level DOT and local level DOT MO Local level Local level Local level MT Local level Local level Local level Local level NC DOT and local level DOT and local level ND Local level Local level Local level Local level NE Local level Local level Local level Local level None NH NJ Local level Local level Local level Local level NM Local level Local level Local level Local level NV NY Local level Local level Local level Local level OH Local level Local level Local level Local level Local level OK Local level Local level Local level Local level RI Local level Local level Local level DOT and local level None SD TN Local level Local level Local level Local level TX Local level Local level Local level Local level Local level UT Local level Local level Local level DOT and local level None VA Local level Local level Local level Local level VT None None None None WA Local level None None None None WI WV Local level Local level Local level Local level WY DOT and local level Local level Local level Local level None Question 16.
From page 96...
... 96 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices Other responses: • Equity of community access to micromobility. • DDOT's jurisdiction is as a state and local DOT.
From page 97...
... Survey Responses 97   State DOT No Yes Yes (please describe actions by your state DOT to regulate operations aspects of shared micromobility) AK AR AZ CA CO CT DC We are the state, local and county DOT.
From page 98...
... 98 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices Question 18. Does your state DOT engage with planning, operation, and maintenance of micromobility infrastructure, which may include (but not limited to)
From page 99...
... Survey Responses 99   State DOT None State DOT Municipalities (e.g. towns/cities)
From page 100...
... 100 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices Other responses: • We are the state, local and county DOT. So within DDOT, we work at all of these levels.
From page 101...
... Survey Responses 101   State DOT None State DOT Municipalities (e.g. towns/cities)
From page 102...
... 102 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices Other Responses: • Counties (Hawaii does not have independent towns/cities)
From page 103...
... Survey Responses 103   State DOT Yes No This is handled by municipalities/local entities AK AR AZ CA CO CT DC DE HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NV NY OH OK RI SD TN TX UT VA VT WA WI WV WY Question 21. Does your state DOT require shared micromobility companies to manage service area using technology, such as geo-fencing, GPS tracking, etc.?
From page 104...
... 104 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices State DOT None State DOT Municipalities (e.g. towns/cities)
From page 105...
... Survey Responses 105   • State laws. • State legislature regulates classification of e-bikes, speed is a factor.
From page 106...
... 106 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices State DOT Bikes E-bikes - Class 1 E-bikes - Class 2 E-bikes - Class 3 Standing escooters Sitting e-scooters AK AR AZ CA CO CT DC N/A 16 - 20 N/A N/A 6 - 10 6 - 10 DE N/A 16 - 20 16 - 20 16 - 20 N/A N/A HI N/A N/A N/A N/A 11 - 15 11 - 15 IA ID N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A IL IN 16-20 16-20 26-30 KS KY 51 - 55 51 - 55 51 - 55 51 - 55 51 - 55 51 - 55 LA MA MD ME MI N/A 16 - 20 16 - 20 26 - 30 Local N/A MN N/A 16 - 20 16 - 20 16 - 20 16 - 20 26 - 30 MO MT NC N/A 16 - 20 16 - 20 16 - 20 N/A N/A ND N/A 16 - 20 16 - 20 26 - 30 N/A N/A NE NH NJ NM NV NY OH OK RI SD TN TX UT > 55 11 - 15 16 - 20 26 - 30 16 - 20 16 - 20 VA N/A N/A N/A N/A 16 - 20 16 - 20 VT 16-20 16-20 16-20 WA WI WV WY Question 23. What is the maximum speed of micromobility vehicles allowed by your state DOT?
From page 107...
... Survey Responses 107   State DOT None Brake lights Turn signals Headlights Reflectors AK None AR AZ None CA CO None CT None DC Headlights Reflectors DE Headlights Reflectors HI Reflectors IA None ID Headlights Reflectors IL IN KS None KY LA Headlights Reflectors MA None MD Headlights Reflectors ME None MI Headlights Reflectors MN Headlights Reflectors MO None MT Reflectors NC Headlights ND Headlights Reflectors NE None NH NJ None NM None NV NY Headlights Reflectors OH OK None RI None SD TN None TX None UT Headlights Reflectors VA Headlights Reflectors VT WA None WI WV Headlights Reflectors WY Reflectors Question 24. Does your state DOT impose any of the following equipment requirements for micromobility vehicles?
From page 108...
... 108 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices Other responses: • For bicycles only. By state law bicycles are required to be equipped with a front white light and a back red reflector or light.
From page 109...
... Survey Responses 109   State DOT None Helmet requirements Minimum age to ride on micromobility vehicles Tandem riding on scooters AK AR AZ CA CO CT DC DE HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NV NY OH OK RI SD TN TX UT VA VT WA WI WV WY Question 25. Does your state DOT implement any of the following safety requirements for micromobility?
From page 110...
... 110 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices Other responses: • Companies require that riders be at least 18 years of age. DDOT will allow for riders 16 years and older and these riders (ages 16 & 17)
From page 111...
... Survey Responses 111   State DOT No Yes If 'yes," please specify AK AR AZ CA CO CT DC DDOT requires all operators to have equity plans allowing those at 200% or less of the federal poverty level to have unlimited free 30 minute rides. DDOT also requires companies to place 3% of their vehicles in each ward between 5-7am.
From page 112...
... 112 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices Other responses: • Please see T&Cs for full list: https://ddot.dc.gov/sites/default/files/dc/sites/ddot/page_content/attachments/Final%20Do ckless%20Scooter%20Terms%20and%20Conditions.pdf. • We did for MBTA pilot.
From page 113...
... Survey Responses 113   State DOT N/A (DOT does not collect/manage micromobility data) Collect and manage data internally by state DOT personnel Outsource to third parties to collect and manage the data Work with local agencies to gather data Other AK AR AZ CA CO CT DC DE HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NV NY OH OK RI SD TN TX UT VA VT WA WI WV WY Question 28.
From page 114...
... 114 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices Other responses: • We are working with Denver Regional Council of Governments (the MPO for greater Denver Metropolitan Area) who collects micromobility data on a limited basis.
From page 115...
... Survey Responses 115   State DOT None Data Data storage Privacy Other AK AR AZ CA CO CT DC DE HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NV NY OH OK RI SD TN TX UT VA VT WA WI WV WY Question 29. Does your state DOT establish standards for micromobility data regarding the following areas?
From page 116...
... 116 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices Other Responses: • Another agency (state level) has policies around data storage.
From page 117...
... State DOT Definition/classification of micromobility Technology development outpacing regulations Ensuring adequate safety Curb space management Obtaining reliable data Ensuring that micromobility modes improve overall transportation system performance Maintaining uniform approaches to micromobility None AK AR AZ CA CO CT DC DE HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NV NY OH OK RI SD TN TX UT VA VT WA WI WV WY Question 30. Choose up to three main challenges that your state DOT faces regarding micromobility.
From page 118...
... 118 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices Other responses: • Inconsistent ordinances one community to another. • A new field of transportation study for us.
From page 119...
... Survey Responses 119   Other responses: • We do not regulate but do understand that to reduce GHG emissions that micromobility is an essential to achieving that goal. • We are not regulating micromobility at the Colorado Department of Transportation.
From page 120...
... 120 Micromobility Policies, Permits, and Practices • We do not have an explicit goal for micromobility, outside of bicycle and pedestrian activities and no regulation. • In Ohio, much of the regulation on micromobility has been locally developed and enacted.
From page 121...
... Question 32. How is your state DOT accommodating the fast pace of technological advancement in micromobility?

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