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Assessing and Improving Strategies for Preventing, Countering, and Responding to Weapons of Mass Destruction Terrorism: Biological Threats: Proceedings of a Workshop - in Brief
Pages 1-12

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From page 1...
... Participants response to this request, the National Academies held a discussed threats presented by insiders, who may take virtual workshop on July 25, 26, and 27, 2022, focusing advantage of their access to biological information on attribution, threats of mis- and disinformation and materials, knowledge, and skills (i.e., "rogue campaigns, and policy and programmatic gaps critical scientists") , as distinct from lone actors, who may not for countering biological terrorism.
From page 2...
... In addition, participants highlighted speakers, including Courtney Crooks (Georgia Institute of concern about the use of biological agents to target Technology) , Richardson, and Schouten mentioned that individuals, ethnicities, crops, and livestock and to take biological threats may be chosen by adversaries because advantage of weakened populations.
From page 3...
... An example discussed included disinformation that were discussed included conflating the use of chemical weapons in various situations and and collapsing nuances for a particular topic, debunking environments, including the use of chemical weapons by the fact-checking results and discrediting fact-checkers, Syria against civilians and targeted chemical attacks in depositing false information (i.e., priming) of prethe United Kingdom.
From page 4...
... arbiters of the truth. However, because the United States Participants restated long-standing concerns that ended its offensive biological weapons program in 1969, addressing threats involving biological agents sometimes experts have little analogous expertise.
From page 5...
... can infect animals or plants in addition to humans. Therefore, assessing and addressing threats involving Because the United States is a member of NATO, the biological agents involve several unique approaches, workshop included discussions about NATO efforts including (1)
From page 6...
... During Participants discussed three core questions that inform the discussion, participants cautioned that approaches the analyses of attribution of biological incidents, focused on country-to-country partnerships may not including (1) who created the agent; (2)
From page 7...
... Other examples of algorithms with biological public does not necessary want scientific information, information that may be informative for attribution but does want information about the risks associated include the use of natural language processing (NLP) to with biological agents.
From page 8...
... preventing, countering, or responding to bioterrorism incidents, but no single agency has clear authority over Expertise Gap: Participants highlighted challenges in these activities. One participant, Tracey McNamara, assessing and addressing plant pathogens, which is a suggested that broad involvement of numerous federal highly diverse category of biological agent including agencies, and some foreign entities, raises challenges viruses, bacteria, and fungi, which have larger genomes in sharing sensitive information, including relevant than bacteria and viruses.
From page 9...
... regulations. Participants highlighted the importance of developing Some participants suggested that the DoD enhance methods for analyzing biological molecules beyond its understanding of integrated deterrence within the DNA such as proteins and lipids for use in attribution biodefense context and increase warfighter preparedness of biological incidents.
From page 10...
... For example, decisions made by regulatory and law Participants stated that certain weather conditions such enforcement agencies directly affect various groups of as floods are known to create favorable environment for people and consequently, necessitate a level of confidence food-borne illnesses through crops. Weather events can in the information communicated, whereas preventative be observed and trigger the testing of plant pathogens.
From page 11...
... One information. Other approaches discussed included pre- example discussed was the gas attacks by the Japanese bunking, which is countering false claims before they religious group Aum Shinrikyo, which led thousands of emerge and spread; debunking false claims soon after unexposed people to seek care in hospitals.
From page 12...
... Kosal, Georgia Institute of Technology and Savannah River National Laboratory; Erik Prentice, 6th Floor Insights; Ronald Schouten, District of Columbia Department of Behavioral Health and St. Elizabeth's Hospital.


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