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... 1-1 Chapter 1 Introduction Animal pollinators are central to human wellbeing, agricultural production, global economic health, and the viability of native plant communities and wildlife. Thirty-five percent of global crop production is dependent on pollinators, including 87 of the world's 124 most commonly cultivated crops (Klein et al.
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... Chapter 1. Introduction  1-2 In some places, roadsides are home to intact native plant communities that are no longer found in surrounding lands (New et al.
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... Chapter 1. Introduction  1-3 In addition to supporting pollinators, other benefits of healthy roadside vegetation include a safe driving environment, reduced soil erosion, enhanced rainwater infiltration, improved water quality, reduced wind velocity, carbon sequestration, and habitat for a variety of wildlife, including predator and parasitoid insects that reduce crop pests. 1.2 About This Guide  This guide is intended to provide relevant guidance to rights-ofway owners and operators for roadside vegetation management practices that support pollinators, as well as strategies that are compliant with the ESA.
From page 4...
... Chapter 1. Introduction  1-4 This guide includes eleven chapters, some of which have specific audiences and others that may be more broadly of use to transportation officials. Table 1-1 provides an overview of this guide and how it can be used.
From page 5...
... Chapter 1. Introduction  1-5 Chapter  Contents  Chapter 6, Roadside  Maintenance and Vegetation  Management for Pollinators  This chapter's audience is maintenance staff, planners, or  those designing revegetation plans. This chapter provides:    an overview of how vegetation management practices affect pollinators and  region‐specific adjustments of practices to better support imperiled pollinators. Chapter 7, Revegetation and  Pollinators: Design and  Implementation  This chapter includes:    a guide on how to support imperiled pollinators through revegetation and  detailed regional plant species lists.

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