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6 RCR Training Exemplars
Pages 21-34

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From page 21...
... returned to Malaysia eight years ago after completing his graduate training in the United States, there was no institutional RCR training at Malaysia's universities. Today, he said, there is a widely available national RCR program supported by the Young Scientists Network, some Malaysian universities have incorporated RCR training for graduate students and faculty, and the Ministry of Higher Education is developing a mechanism to mandate RCR training in Malaysia.
From page 22...
... described an RCR program designed to meet the needs of anthropologists, whose research often has potential emotional, psychological, and social consequences. The program, the Field Work Ethics and Ethnographic Writing Workshop, is designed to address RCR in a way that is meaningful for her scholarly community.
From page 23...
... She noted that the program satisfies regulatory requirements, but more importantly, fulfills the desire students have to process real scenarios they might encounter. In fact, like the Malaysian program, this program has a bottom-up component in that graduate students participate in choosing topics, inviting faculty, organizing the sessions, and acting as moderators.
From page 24...
... To do so, the program takes an evidence-based and values-based approach that is emotionally engaging and built around professional development. It is set in real laboratory environments and shows nuanced RCR dilemmas on which reasonable people can disagree.
From page 25...
... She reiterated that she sees this program as subversive because if it equips enough people with the same skills and concepts for raising hard problems, faculty will eventually confront a situation where they have to decide to change what they are doing to meet the students where they are and address the issues that concern them. In response to a question about how the program measures transformative change and if it measures inclusiveness, Gunsalus replied that she has funding to develop an extension of an existing survey on organizational research integrity climates that will also measure civility, psychological safety, harassment, and inclusion in laboratories.
From page 26...
... IREDS staff conducted pre- and post-surveys that covered objective lab practices, authorship decision practices, data management practices, and ethical research practices. The intervention curriculum was delivered using a peer-engaged, decentralized approach in which graduate students from the enrolled labs worked with the team to select a project around which to build the training.
From page 27...
... DATA STEWARDSHIP AT DELFT UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY Yan Wang (Delft University of Technology) explained in her opening remarks that each of the eight STEM departments at her institution has it's own disciplinary data management expert who helps researchers in their department with their data management.
From page 28...
... The data stewards, said Wang, are the go-to individuals for researchers at all levels who have questions about collecting, processing, sharing, and managing their research data. Frequent questions include those about privacy issues and ethical issues when researchers are collecting personal data or when human test subjects participate in the research, as well as about how to share and publish data and how to settle authorship issues.
From page 29...
... Every course the program offers includes a focus on scientific error analysis and practical ethics, she added. Bosch then discussed a recent NSF-funded study that evaluated a module on questionable research practices that was incorporated into the program's interdisciplinary RCR course taken each year by more than 400 students from three divisions at Johns Hopkins (arts and sciences, public health, and engineering)
From page 30...
... This program is meant to support principal investigators by providing a formal approach to teaching critical thinking to students before they enter the lab. Asked to discuss some challenges and lessons learned from her experience with adapting this model to so many different international settings, Bosch replied that there have not been many challenges because the program is built on teaching science from first principles and those are the same regardless of discipline or setting.
From page 31...
... Here, the fellows do deep dives on research integrity; questionable research misconduct; questionable research practices; research governance; research bias and incentives; data acquisition, management, and sharing; ethical issues in international research collaborations; peer review; and publication ethics. While taking this course, the fellows develop a research proposal where they envision a project that could shed light on how these issues are expressed in the Ghanaian context.
From page 32...
... Views from stakeholders • Biobanking, genomics research, and data analyses: Ethical considerations in Ghana • Infection disease research governance structures and guidelines in Ghana • Research misconduct: Perspectives of medical students at University of Cape Coast, Ghana • Guidelines to improve seeking informed consent among persons with mental illness in Ghana • Capacity enhancement of IRBs in Ghana • The role of research funders in promoting ethical international research collaborations • Ethical and policy implications of feedback of genetic findings to research participants in Africa: An analysis of the H3Africa guideline The program has also established a one-year master's degree program in bioethics at the University of Ghana -- the country's first graduate program in bioethics -- after receiving approval in early 2021. The first application cycle began in the summer of 2021, with the first cohort scheduled to enroll for the 2021-2022 academic year.
From page 33...
... and number of publications, has the trainees evaluate the course in terms of how well it achieved its objectives, and also conducts more traditional assessments of learning. Another group discussed the notion of having continuous assessments of the students' performance and the style and effectiveness of the communication and outreach methods used by training leaders, noting that most programs currently use quantitative measures, but much of the work would be better assessed using qualitative measures, which are harder to implement.
From page 34...
... 34 PROMISING RCR PRACTICES benefits of participating in the program, breaking down complex content into manageable portions related to practice, or bringing up relevant issues when the timing is right. One group noted that the educational research literature has shown that small efforts can have big effects, which suggests that program leaders find the leverage points and use them to amend their programs.


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