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Pages 11-26

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From page 11...
... 11   As noted in Chapter 1, an online survey questionnaire was built in Alchemer and distributed by email to the membership of the AASHTO Committee on Maintenance (COM) and the North American Association of Transportation Safety and Health Officials (NAATSHO)
From page 12...
... 12 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews incentive or disincentive program (see Figure 3.3)
From page 13...
... Results of the Survey Questionnaire 13   No 55% Yes 45% Figure 3.3. Existence of an informal incentive/disincentive program, N 5 40.
From page 14...
... 14 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews 9% have had their program for 3–5 years, 22% have had their program for 1–3 years, and 4% have had their program for less than a year. Safety Behaviors Recognized Based on the responses to the existence of a formal or informal safety incentive or disincentive program, the survey respondents were divided into one of four tracks to understand to what degree safety behaviors were measured, rewarded, or recognized.
From page 15...
... Results of the Survey Questionnaire 15   For DOTs with a Formal and an Informal Incentive/Disincentive Program Eight DOTs noted the existence of both a formal and an informal safety incentive or disincentive program. This section outlines the results of a question on a series of safety behaviors in terms of whether their DOT tracks, measures, or recognizes each individual behavior, and whether there are informal or formal incentives or disincentives for the practice or lack of practice of each safety behavior.
From page 16...
... 16 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews For DOTs with a Formal and without an Informal Incentive/Disincentive Program The second group explored specific safety behaviors for DOTs that had a formal but not an informal safety incentive or disincentive program. Only three DOTs noted this type of arrangement in their overall occupational safety programs.
From page 17...
... Results of the Survey Questionnaire 17   grouping track, measure, or recognize employees who instruct new employees on safety procedures, use equipment and PPE safely, and obtain safety goals or objectives as a district/region. For DOTs without a Formal but with an Informal Incentive/Disincentive Program DOTs that do not have a formal safety incentive or disincentive program but do have an informal safety incentive or disincentive program are reported in this section.
From page 18...
... 18 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews not reporting safety violations, not using correct safety actions or work practices, or not using equipment and PPE safely. In terms of tracking and measuring specific safety behaviors within this group, submitting near-miss reports, suggesting improvements to safety procedures, and obtaining safety goals or objectives as a DOT were most frequently noted as being tracked and measured.
From page 19...
... Results of the Survey Questionnaire 19   using equipment and PPE safely received more DOTs tracking and measuring than DOTs that do not track or measure them. There is also not a specific safety behavior that a strong majority of DOTs in this group track or measure.
From page 20...
... 20 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews event tickets, and so forth had 13 DOTs noting that they are used annually. Seven DOTs noted recognition in a distributed newsletter or other written communication as an annual incentive.
From page 21...
... Results of the Survey Questionnaire 21   • Hats, plaques, trophies, apparel, event tickets, stickers, and other prizes • Meals • Written recognition • Verbal recognition Sources of Funding Funding is a significant consideration for DOTs in creating and sustaining an incentive and disincentive program. Specific DOT approaches to sourcing funds for their programs can be found in the case examples in Chapter 4.
From page 22...
... 22 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews Respondents were also asked to provide an open-ended description of the types of restrictions on their funding. Their responses are copied in the following: • Budget.
From page 23...
... Results of the Survey Questionnaire 23   Evaluation of Program The survey also asked respondents how their DOTs evaluate the success of their safety incentive or disincentive programs. Figure 3.10 shows the results of this question.
From page 24...
... 24 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews A few DOTs analyze the incentives/disincentives for employees (14%) and evaluate them based on costs and benefits (14%)
From page 25...
... Results of the Survey Questionnaire 25   responses were challenges defining leading indicators for incentives, lack of standards, legislative blocks, safety coordinator positions turning over quickly, and pandemic disruption and morale issues. Management Involvement While incentives are directed toward field-level employees, management plays a significant role in the overall safety incentive program.
From page 26...
... 26 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews First-line supervisors are most often involved daily (32%) and during a safety incident (25%)

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