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Pages 27-43

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From page 27...
... 27   As noted in Chapter 1, follow-up case examples were conducted to gather further details regarding processes and strategies for the effective use of safety incentive and disincentive programs to motivate employee safety behaviors. The case examples were conducted through interviews between the research team and selected DOTs.
From page 28...
... 28 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews California Mississippi Pennsylvania Texas Incentive and Disincentive Description 2 PTO (paid time off) hours per quarter.
From page 29...
... Case Examples 29   Benefits and Challenges Promotes safety culture. Labor relation challenges High turnover impacts culture.
From page 30...
... 30 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews recognition that seem worthwhile are difficult to find within the stipulated limitations. As part of the formal incentive, there is a department-wide allocation of two hours of paid time off every quarter for exhibiting safe behaviors and having no recordable injuries.
From page 31...
... Case Examples 31   from the roadways, surplus funds as appropriate, or donations collected from supervisors and leadership. Regarding meals, many food items are brought and shared by the employees.
From page 32...
... 32 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews labor unions. Caltrans notes that what is important about these programs is that they support the safety culture.
From page 33...
... Case Examples 33   seem to encourage improvement. MDOT noted that safety excellence is not just about numbers, so the department needed better evaluation criteria that looked at execution, field visits, and improvements in behavior.
From page 34...
... 34 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews In terms of safety buy-in, MDOT is appealing to employees' common sense to promote safety: "Our employees' lives are important." MDOT has found that newer supervisors tend to be more accepting of the safety program and culture shift than those with more years of service. A shift in safety culture is difficult if supervisors view safety as more work than protecting their staff.
From page 35...
... Case Examples 35   MDOT notes that developing safety award program criteria takes time to achieve your desired results. MDOT also believes it is important that criteria not be based on injuries because DOT employees work in high-hazard environments with circumstances sometimes out of their control.
From page 36...
... 36 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews award is $5,000 in tools or equipment. e organization must also have no fatalities.
From page 37...
... Case Examples 37   Implementation Approach PennDOT's incentive and disincentive program implementation was included in its Safety Culture Kickoff. PennDOT's leadership drove this safety culture evolution to bring safety to the "front of mind." This rollout intended to get all employees to understand that safety was everyone's responsibility.
From page 38...
... 38 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews does require all safety committee members to go through labor and industry-based training for safety committees. PennDOT provides different trainings throughout the year, including safety culture training, near-miss reporting training, incident analysis training, and so forth.
From page 39...
... Case Examples 39   Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) The Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT)
From page 40...
... 40 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews clearly defines how awards are earned. The program would not be manageable without a defined policy and tracking system.
From page 41...
... Case Examples 41   Benefits and Challenges TxDOT notes that recognition is a great way to reinforce expected behavior. An incentive program reinforces expected behaviors.
From page 42...
... 42 Practices to Motivate Safe Behaviors with Highway Construction and Maintenance Crews TDOT's goal is to have a formal incentive program once its overall safety program is more established. The objective is to build a culture of safety by adding measures for compliance.
From page 43...
... Case Examples 43   TDOT has been able to pursue these safety program advancements due to the support it receives from leadership. Within 6 years, TDOT has rotated through three commissioners.

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