Skip to main content

Currently Skimming:


Pages 143-163

The Chapter Skim interface presents what we've algorithmically identified as the most significant single chunk of text within every page in the chapter.
Select key terms on the right to highlight them within pages of the chapter.


From page 143...
... The guide is not intended to be a comprehensive list of countermeasures available for State use. Topic areas addressed in the resource include: • Alcohol- and Drug-Impaired Driving • Seat Belts and Child Restraints • Speeding and Speed Management • Distracted Driving • Motorcycle Safety • Young Drivers • Older Drivers • Pedestrian Safety • Bicycle Safety • Drowsy Driving Content relevant to rural traffic safety: The word rural appears 66 times in the document, highlighting strategies that have been studied in rural areas.
From page 144...
... v=bxrMmdaLdko • PDF Guidance for each countermeasure • Safety Benefits (e.g., 19-47% reduction in total crashes) • Sources for evaluation Countermeasures address: • Speed Management • Roadway Departure • Intersections • Pedestrian/Bicyclist • Crosscutting Content relevant to rural traffic safety: Website identified 24 (out of 28)
From page 145...
... Resource: FHWA's Improving Safety on Rural Local and Tribal Roads Safety Toolkit Full Title: Improving Safety on Rural Local and Tribal Roads Safety Toolkit, https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/local_rural/training/fhwasa14072/ Description: Rural roadway safety is an important issue for communities throughout the country and presents a challenge for state, local, and tribal agencies. The Improving Safety on Rural Local and Tribal Roads – Safety Toolkit was created to help rural local and tribal roadway safety practitioners address these challenges.
From page 146...
... Analyze (237 tools total; 106 local/rural) Agencies with solid safety data programs can use state-of-the-art safety analysis tools to inform decisions in the safety management, planning, programming, and project development processes.
From page 147...
... This section offers information about various datasets and state-of-the-art analysis techniques that can help to facilitate safety research. Content relevant to rural traffic safety: Table E- 1Table E- 1 to Table E- 5Table E- 5.
From page 148...
... 148 Table E- 1. Roadway Safety Data Program Toolbox: Application Guides With Rural Content Tool Name Owner/Sponsor A Guide to Developing Quality Crash Modification Factors FHWA CMFs in Practice FHWA Crash Data Improvement Program Guidebook FHWA Data Systems: A Road Safety Manual for Decision-Makers and Practitioners World Health Organization FHWA Systemic Safety Project Selection Tool FHWA Highway Safety Improvement Program Manual FHWA Highway Safety Improvement Program Self-Assessment Tool FHWA Highway Safety Manual AASHTO Integrating the Highway Safety Manual into the Highway Project Development Process FHWA Market Analysis of Collecting Fundamental Roadway Data Elements to Support the Highway Safety Improvement Program FHWA Model Impaired Driving Records Information Systems – Tying Together Data Systems to Manage Impaired Drivers NHTSA Model Performance Measures for State Traffic Records Systems NHTSA National Cooperative Highway Research Program Project 08-36, Task 100: Transportation Data Self-Assessment Guide AASHTO National Cooperative Highway Research Program Report 501: Integrated Safety Management Process NCHRP National Guidelines for the Network Screening of Collision Prone Locations Transportation Association of Canada Observational Before-After Studies in Road Safety Pergamon Press Performance Measures for Roadway Inventory Data Report FHWA Safety Performance Function Development Guide: Developing Jurisdiction-Specific SPFs FHWA Synthesis of Best Practices for the Development of an Integrated Data and Information Management Approach Midwest Regional University Transportation Center & Wisconsin DOT The Art of Appropriate Evaluation: A Guide for Highway Safety Program Managers NHTSA Traffic Records Program Assessment Advisory NHTSA Traffic Safety Performance Measures NHTSA User's Guide to Develop Highway Safety Manual Safety Performance Function Calibration Factors NCHRP
From page 149...
... Roadway Safety Data Program Toolbox: Information Sources With Rural Content Tool Name Owner/Sponsor CMF Clearinghouse FHWA Transportation Research Information Services Transportation Research Board Table E- 4. Roadway Safety Data Program Toolbox: Information Guides With Rural Content Tool Name Owner/Sponsor ANSI-D16.1-2007 Manual on Classification of Motor Vehicle Traffic Accidents NSC ANSI-D20 Traffic Records Systems Data Dictionary: Release 6.0 AAMVA Background Report: Guidance for Roadway Safety Data to Support the Highway Safety Improvement Program FHWA Benefit-Cost Analysis of Investing in Data Systems and Processes for DataDriven Safety Programs: Decision-Making Guidebook FHWA Benefit-Cost Analysis of Investing in Data Systems and Processes for DataDriven Safety Programs: Project Report FHWA Countermeasures That Work: A Highway Safety Countermeasure Guide for SHSO NHTSA DAMA Guide to the Data Management Body of Knowledge DAMA Data Business Plans and Governance Programs – Aligning Transportation Data to Agency Strategic Objectives Jack Stickel and Anita Vandervalk Development of a Structure for a Model Inventory of Roadway Elements Management Information System FHWA Development of Guidance for States Transitioning to New Safety Analysis Tools Clemson University Exploration of the Application of Collective Information to Transportation Data for Safety White Paper FHWA FHWA Roadway Safety Data Capabilities Assessment Final Report FHWA Guidance on State Safety Data Systems FHWA Highway Safety Manual Data Needs Guide NCHRP
From page 150...
... Highway Safety Manual Executive Packet AASHTO Highway Safety Manual Fact Sheet AASHTO Highway Safety Manual Implementation Guide for Managers FHWA Identification of Liability-Related Impediments to Sharing §409 Safety Data Among Transportation Agencies and Synthesis of Best Practices NCHRP Integrating MIRE: Better Data for Better Decisions to Save Lives FHWA Model Inventory of Roadway Elements Version 1.0 FHWA Model Inventory of Roadway Elements Data Collection Guidebook FHWA MIRE Element Collection Mechanisms and Gap Analysis FHWA Model Inventory of Roadway Elements Fundamental Data Elements CostBenefit Estimation FHWA Model Minimum Uniform Crash Criteria FHWA, FMCSA, NHTSA, and GHSA National Cooperative Highway Research Program Report 500 Series NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Research Program Report 600: Human Factors Guidelines for Road Systems: Second Edition NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Research Program Report 666: Target-Setting Methods and Data Management to Support Performance-Based Resource Allocation NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Research Program Report 748, Guidelines for the Use of Mobile LIDAR in Transportation Applications NCHRP Recommended Protocols for Developing Crash Modification Factors NCHRP Safety Performance Function Decision Guide: SPF Calibration vs SPF Development FHWA The Crash Outcome Data Evaluation System and Applications to Improve Traffic Safety Decision-Making NHTSA Improving Knowledge and Information Management for Practical Solutions WSDOT Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata The Federal Geographic Data Committee  Applications of Enterprise GIS for Transportation Guidebook FHWA
From page 151...
... AgileAssets Safety Analyst AgileAssets Arizona Local Government Safety Project Analysis Model Arizona Department of Transportation Collision Database System Crossroads Software, Inc. Crash Mapping and Analysis Tool Center for Transportation Research and Education at Iowa State University  Crash Safety Analysis Tools for ArcGIS 10 Esri  Critical Analysis Reporting Environment University of Alabama Deighton dTIMS Deighton ESRI Roads and Highways Esri EZplot Traffic Collision Diagram EZplot© FHWA GIS Safety Analysis Tools v4.0 FHWA Highway Safety Manual Part C Spreadsheets NCHRP Hudson Valley Transportation Management Center Crash Performance Measures Hudson Valley Transportation Management Center Illinois Benefit-Cost Analysis Spreadsheet Illinois Department of Transportation Illinois Department of Transportation Over-Representation Tool Illinois Department of Transportation Interactive Highway Safety Design Model (IHSDM)
From page 152...
... FME Safe Software CartoVista CartoVista Inc. DDSA Crash Tree Maker FHWA Traffic Crash Location System MS2  Noteworthy design features: While the interface is easy to use, there is a lot of information available in the database, and some users may be overwhelmed.
From page 153...
... Content relevant to rural traffic safety: The selected CPSTF recommendations are highlighted, including laws for child safety seats and primary seat belt laws, distribution programs for child safety seats, and media campaigns focused on discouraging people from drinking and driving and encouraging people to prevent others from driving after drinking. These strategies are applicable to rural and tribal communities.
From page 154...
... The list of strategies will assist programs to identify and select the most appropriate evidencebased or promising strategies for reducing or preventing unintentional and intentional injuries in specific community settings. Content relevant to rural traffic safety: The document identifies three core strategies to improve traffic safety: car seat use, seat belt use, and impaired driving prevention.
From page 155...
... Appendix D includes additional examples of traffic safety strategies for seat belt use, teen driving, and distracted driving. Each has a brief description and link to evaluation findings, most using pre-post designs.
From page 156...
... a collection of fact sheets created by experts in social marketing, research, and evaluation to support full implementation of a campaign. Fact Sheets include: • About Toolkit • Road Safety Campaign Effectiveness • Stakeholder Engagement • Creating Effective Campaigns • Messaging • Branding • Social Media • Evaluation • Pedestrians: What Do We Know • References and Resources • Review of Effectiveness of Child Restraint Campaigns Content relevant to rural traffic safety: All the content is generally applicable to rural and tribal communities, although there is no specific content identified for either.
From page 157...
... • Step 1: Identify Stakeholders provided • Step 2: Use Safety Data • Step 3: Choose Proven Solutions • Step 4: Implement Solutions • Finish Line Content relevant to rural traffic safety: This resource is specifically designed for those addressing safety on local roads which are very prevalent in rural areas. The resource could be used readily by rural and tribal communities.
From page 158...
... Designed to help rural agencies face their unique challenges like extreme weather events, congestion from special events, or seasonal recreational travel. Content relevant to rural traffic safety: All the content is relevant to rural communities and includes fact sheets addressing: • Crash Countermeasures • Animal Warning Systems • Automated Visibility Warning Systems • Bicycle Safety Systems • Connected Vehicles • Wrong Way Driver Detection & Warning System • Highway-Rail Crossing Safety Systems • Intersection Collision Warning Systems • Pedestrian Safety Systems • Road Geometry Warning System • Smart Trucks • Speed Warning Systems • Work Zone Safety Systems • Traffic Management ™ o Access Control Gates o Variable Speed Limit o Geographic Information Systems o Interconnected Signal Systems o Vehicle Detection o Monitoring Travel Times and Speeds o Parking Management Systems o Planned Special Event Management Systems o Rural Traffic Management Center/Traffic Operations Center o Adaptive Signal Control Technologies • Operations & Maintenance o Weigh-In-Motion Systems o Site Management During Avalanches o Global Positioning Data o Fixed Automated Spray Technology • Emergency Services o Next Generation 911 o Smartphone Applications for First Responders o Crash Reporting o Automatic Crash Notification Systems o Emergency Vehicle Traffic Signal Preemption
From page 159...
... 159 o Unmanned Aerial Systems • Surface Transportation & Weather o Integrated Weather Monitoring/Prediction Systems • Rural Transit & Mobility o Coordinated Rural Transit Service o Automated Stop Announcement Systems o Automatic Vehicle Location on Agency and Public Vehicles • Tourism & Travel Information o Highway Advisory Radio o Crowdsourced Data o Dynamic Message Sign o Integrated Traveler Information Systems o Social Media o Public Transportation Trip Planner Noteworthy design features: Guidance is included in separate documents linked on one page. There is a primer that gives an overview of the toolkit, lists extensive potential audiences, describes seven categories of tools, outlines structure of each fact sheet, and provides important considerations/cautions.
From page 160...
... One subsection on road safety focuses on design and infrastructure. There is one bullet point about Vision Zero and that it can be expanded to rural areas through adoption as a statewide policy.
From page 161...
... The website includes extensive information. Content relevant to rural traffic safety: The website includes several resources relevant to rural traffic safety including: • Drug-Free Workplace Toolkit o Rural workforces would benefit from this assessment and actionable toolkit which can help address impaired driving.
From page 162...
... Table of Contents • Introduction • Transportation and Public Health Context • Connecting with Public Health Stakeholders • Foundation of Communication • Communication and Collaboration Techniques • Supportive Networks and Resources • Transportation and Health Data Sources and Tools Content relevant to rural traffic safety: Content is relevant to rural and tribal settings. The word "rural" appears 28 times in the document; "tribal" does not appear.
From page 163...
... Content relevant to rural traffic safety: As resources are often limited in rural and tribal communities, this guide provides insights about potential collaborations between traffic safety advocates and others including public health and policy makers. This resource would require multiple stakeholders to participate to be effective.


This material may be derived from roughly machine-read images, and so is provided only to facilitate research.
More information on Chapter Skim is available.