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Executive Summary
Pages 1-6

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From page 1...
... Both rape and intimate partner violence ~battering, which is frequently accompanied by psychological abuse) are associated with a host of both short- and Tong-term problems, including physical injury and illness, psychological symptoms, and, in extreme cases, death.
From page 2...
... After reviewing the literature on battering, rape, and sexual assault, the panel concludes that significant gaps exist in understanding of the extent and causes of violence against women and the impact and effectiveness of preventive and treatment interventions. In order to begin filling those gaps, the panel recommends a research agenda to facilitate development in four major areas: preventing violence against women, improving research methods, building knowledge about violence against women, and developing the research infrastructure.
From page 3...
... The panel, therefore, recommends: · longitudinal research to study the developmental trajectory of violent behavior against women and whether and how it differs from the development of other violent behav~ors; · the inclusion of questions about violent behavior against women in research on the causes of other violent behavior; · the examination of risk factors, such as poverty, childhood victimization, and brain injury, for sexual and intimate partner violence in studies of at-risk children and adolescents; · rigorous evaluation of both short- and long-term effects of programs designed to prevent sexual and intimate partner violence, including school-based education programs, media campaigns, and legal changes intended to deter violence against women; and · the inclusion of intimate partner and sexual violence outcomes in evaluations of nonviolent conflict resolution programs and other programs designed to prevent delinquency, substance abuse, teenage pregnancy, gang involvement, and general violence. IMPROVING RESEARCH METHODS Researchers working on violence against women come from a wide spectrum of disciplines, each of which has its own terms and perspectives.
From page 4...
... Research on violence against women has advanced along categorical lines {i.e., sexual violence, physical violence) rather than on women's experiences, which are believed to include multiple forms of violence.
From page 5...
... . with particular attention to surveys of racial and ethnic minorities, and other underrepresented population subgroups; · the inclusion of questions pertaining to violence against women in national and community surveys of topics such as women's mental or physical health or social or economic well-being; · identification and secondary analysis of existing data sets with respect to violence against women; · research on the consequences of violence against women that includes intergenerational consequences, effects of race and socioeconomic status on consequences, and costs to society, including lost productivity and the use of the criminal justice, health, and social service systems; · studies that describe current services for victims of violence and evaluate their effectiveness; · studies to investigate the factors associated with victims' service-seeking behavior, including delaying seeking of services or not seeking services at all, in order to identify barriers to service seeking and alternative approaches and settings for service provision; and · studies that examine discretionary processes in the criminal and civil justice systems, including legal research on the theory and implementation of new laws and reforms, police and prosecutorial decision making, jury decision making, and judicial decision making.
From page 6...
... The panel conclucles that research on violence against women will be strengthened by a research infrastructure that supports interclisciplinary efforts anc! helps to integrate those efforts into service programs and institutional policies, especially in the area of preventive intervention.

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