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Biographical Memoirs Volume 69 (1996) / Chapter Skim
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NICHOLAS ULRICH MAYALL
Pages 188-213

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From page 189...
... He helpec! launch the Lick Observatory's large, new, postwar telescope and then left the University of California to become the director of the still very young Kilt Peak National Observatory.
From page 190...
... In his senior year at Stockton High School, Nick arranged for the science club, of which he was secretary, to visit Lick Observatory, atop 4,200-foot-high Mount Hamilton, near San Jose. He was allowed!
From page 191...
... All the courses were taught by the professors in the Berkeley department on the campus, but many of the students clic! their thesis work on Mount Hamilton, uncler the tutelage of a Lick astronomer who became a member of their thesis committee.
From page 192...
... Nicholson of the Mount Wilson Observatory staff. He was a Berkeley product himself, who in 1914 at Lick cliscoverec!
From page 193...
... went to Lick Observatory in the summer of 1932 to begin the main part of the observational work.
From page 194...
... Wright, a University of California graduate en c! a Lick Observatory staff member since 1897, was a nebular researcher en c!
From page 195...
... into a small apartment in the little astronomy village on the summit of Mount Hamilton, where all the astronomers livecI. One year later, on July I, 1935, Robert G
From page 196...
... raclial velocities of the H II regions in M 31 en c! M 33 in terms of the rotation of these two especially nearby spiral galaxies, the gravitational field!
From page 197...
... Mayall, along with nearly everyone else who knew Wyse, expected that he would someday become director of Lick Observatory. Even before Wyse's death, Mayall accepted a position at the Radiation Laboratory in Cambridge, Massachusetts, to work on radar development.
From page 198...
... Astronomical observations were not military secrets, en c! the enthusiastic Mayall kept the few elderly Lick astronomers still on the job at Mount Hamilton informed of Baade's epochal results.
From page 199...
... Hence, he welcomer! an opportunity to transfer in February 1944 to the California Institute of Technology, whose big rocket development project was clearly providing immecliately effective weapons.
From page 200...
... interact frequently in his later years as director of Kitt Peak National Observatory. THE 120-INCH TELESCOPE During Woric!
From page 201...
... former graduate students now in Pasadena, all of whom longer! to return to Mount Hamilton en c!
From page 202...
... Shane en c! Mayall went on to Mount Hamilton the next clay en c!
From page 203...
... the results the raclial velocities of the first fifty clusters. The result was important in proving that the system of globular clusters shares only slightly in the galactic rotation exhibitec!
From page 204...
... out a long, important program of spectroscopy of the H II regions in the spiral arms of M 3l, to better define its rotation curve. One very important paper Mayall published in observational cosmology, with Humason en c!
From page 205...
... Mount Hamilton. KITT PEAK NATIONAL OBSERVATORY Mayall left the University of California, where over a span of more than a quarter of a century he hac!
From page 206...
... chairman of its astronomy section, former president of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, en c! president of the International Astronomical Union Commission on Extragalactic Nebulae, he clearly belonged.
From page 207...
... to direct Kitt Peak National Observatory. He was particularly effective in hancIling its external relations, with NSF aciministra tors, university vice-presiclents en c!
From page 208...
... At Lick Observatory he macle many contributions to our knowledge of gaseous nebulae, supernovae, the motions within spiral galaxies, en c! the recishifts of the galaxies in the universe.
From page 209...
... for him. THIS BlOG~PHICAL MEMOIR IS based largely on the written record of Mayall's research, given in his published scientific work, and of his other accomplishments and his life, drawn from hundreds of letters to, from, and about him in the Mary Lea Shane Archives of the Lick Observatory, going back to the 1924 letter that he wrote as secretary of the Stockton High School science club.
From page 210...
... 47:317-18. 1936 A low dispersion UV glass spectrograph for the Crossley reflector.
From page 211...
... Astronomical Photographs Taken at the Lick Observatory. Mount Hamilton: Lick Observatory.
From page 212...
... Quantitative tests of the Lick Observatory 120inch mirror. Astron.


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