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Biographical Memoirs Volume 69 (1996) / Chapter Skim
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HARALD ULRIK SVERDRUP
Pages 338-375

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From page 339...
... as the founder of the moclern school of physical oceanography. A great scientist en c!
From page 340...
... his chapter XV on the oceanic currents is still the most recent publication that treats all the worIcl's oceans in one work. This remarkable text not only market!
From page 341...
... in various sites in western Norway en c! was taught by governesses until he was fourteen years old, when he went to school in Stavanger.
From page 342...
... The precise title of the subject at the university was "Physical Geography and Astronomy." He defines the content in more moclern terms as inclucling geophysics, meteorology, oceanography, and terrestrial magnetism. His ultimate research interests were fixed in 1911 when he was offerer!
From page 343...
... from the Carnegie Institution of Washington almost from the first clays of its establishment after his visit to Washington in 1905. Bjerknes receiver!
From page 344...
... the heavy responsibilities of his work as chief scientist were justified by the firsthand experience he gained in field research en c! ciata taking, but seven years away from home
From page 345...
... A more specific justification that Svercirup gave in support of his concentration on the Arctic was the easier insight it affords in our unclerstancling of the basic physical oceanography of currents. He argucc!
From page 346...
... Christian Michelsens Institute carrying on pretty much the same work on the Maud ciata. In 1931 he was the leacler of the scientific group in the Wilkins-Elisworth North Polar Submarine Expedition, where valuable information was gathered despite the failure to achieve the chief goal of the expedition, the submarine exploration of the Arctic in the Nautitus.
From page 347...
... possibly have foreseen the immense consequences except, perhaps, Robert Gordon Sproul, the long-time presiclent of the University of California. Sproul worker!
From page 348...
... of the institution from September 1936 for almost twelve years before returning to Norway to heat! the Norwegian Polar Institute.
From page 349...
... on to improve instruction in physical oceanography and to attract students to the field.
From page 350...
... Sverdrup basically formalized a curriculum that included and fully integrated physical oceanography with marine biology, marine geology, and geophysics. Many historians and scientists have commented on Sverdrup's publication with coauthors Martin Johnson and Richard Fleming of the first comprehensive text in oceanography, The Oceans: Their Physics, Chemistry and Gen era t Biology.~2 This was the crowning achievement of his teaching career.
From page 351...
... Svercirup's clearance clifficulties were all the more painful as his younger brother, Einar, a captain in the Norwegian Free Forces, had been killed by Nazi forces in action in Spitsbergen in 1942. Svercirup's student, Walter Munk, hac!
From page 352...
... . not a single military or naval organization trained to evaluate information on the oceans and coast lines of the world and to transform it into the type of strategical and tactical intelligence required for military opera tions.~3 Probably because of his clearance clifficulties, Svercirup clic!
From page 353...
... Walter Munk was probably Svercirup's most important en c! famous stuclent/associate.
From page 354...
... shows that Acimiral Edward! Cochrane, with the urging of Roger Revelle, wrote UC President Robert Gordon Sprout offering to continue support for postwar research in oceanography at the Scripps Institution.
From page 355...
... over the AGU Oceanography Section. In 1946 he became president of the International Association of Physical Oceanography.
From page 356...
... closely with Robert Gordon Sproul, Vern Knudson, Roger Revelle, en c! many others.
From page 357...
... the institution to acquire three vessels from the government, with a little help from Roger Revelle, en c! convert two of them into research vessels, Crest en c!
From page 358...
... 2. "Informal Autobiography of Harald Ulrik Sverdrup," unpublished manuscript submitted to the National Academy of Sciences c.
From page 359...
... Useful in many capacities. An early career in American physical oceanography.
From page 360...
... California marine research and the founding of modern fisheries oceanography: CalCOFI's early years, 1947-1964. California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations Reports 31 (1990)
From page 361...
... Uber den EinfluB de Gebirge und die Luftbewegung fangs der Erdoberflache und auf die Druckverteilung. Veroeff: Geophys.
From page 362...
... Uber die Reibung an der Erdoberflache und die direkte Vorausberechnung des Windes mit Hilfe der hydrodynamischen Bewegungsgleichungen. Veroeff Geophys.
From page 363...
... 3 :93-102. Dynamic of tides on the North Siberian Shelf: results from the Maud expedition.
From page 364...
... Appendix. From the diary of Harald Ulrik Sverdrup, in "Birds from the north-eastern Siberian Atlantic Ocean." Norwegian North Polar Expedition with the "Maud" 1918-1925, Scientific Results, vol.
From page 365...
... Norwegian North Polar Expedition with the "Maud " 1918-1925, Scientific Results, vol.
From page 366...
... Norwegian North Polar Expedition with the "Maud " 1 91 8-1 925, Scientific Results, vol.
From page 367...
... 6. Bezichungen Zwischen den Anderungen der Gletscher auf Spitzbergen und Kleineren Klimatischen Anderungen.
From page 368...
... 49:389-91. Research within physical oceanography and submarine geology at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography during April 1938 to April 1939.
From page 369...
... 3:93-104. Research within physical oceanography and submarine geology at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography during April 1939 to April 1940.
From page 370...
... Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Institution of Washington. 1945 Research within physical oceanography and submarine geology at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography during April 1943 to April 1944.
From page 371...
... 33:318-36. Research within physical oceanography and submarine geology at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography during April 1946 to April 1947.
From page 372...
... 108:321-37. 1950 Physical oceanography of the North Polar Sea.
From page 373...
... 215-57. Tidal currents off the antarctic ice barrier, Queen Maud Land.
From page 374...
... 15:76-77. The place of physical oceanography in oceanographic research.


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