Skip to main content

Biographical Memoirs Volume 69 (1996) / Chapter Skim
Currently Skimming:

WILLIAM FRANCIS GIAUQUE
Pages 38-57

The Chapter Skim interface presents what we've algorithmically identified as the most significant single chunk of text within every page in the chapter.
Select key terms on the right to highlight them within pages of the chapter.


From page 39...
... PITZER AND DAVID A . SHIRLEY WILLIAM FRANCIS GlAUQUE IS remembered particularly for his discovery of adiabatic demagnetization as a means to reach very Tow temperatures as well as for his exhaustive en c!
From page 40...
... This connection hac! a pivotal role in William Francis Giauque's later education en c!
From page 41...
... Frank by his family en c! Bill by his peers, but his stern demeanor en c!
From page 42...
... with few trips macle for any purpose except to receive major awards. He also persuaclec!
From page 43...
... He thus acquirer! an unclerstancling of the applicability of quantum statistics to the calculation of thermodynamic quantities, in particular calculation of the absolute entropy of any gas of cliatomic molecules from spectroscopic ciata.
From page 44...
... the i70 isotope as well. The discovery of the oxygen isotopes provided the first clear proof that molecules retain zero-point vibrational energy at absolute zero temperature.
From page 45...
... be requires! for meaningful measurements of the final low temperatures reached upon demag netization.
From page 46...
... two sons, William Francis Ashley Giauque en c! Robert Davic!
From page 47...
... the heat capacities en c! heats of transition of the halogen acicis from very low temperatures upward.
From page 48...
... to refine low-temperature scales throughout his career. He wrote an amusing parable in Nature in 1939 as a plea to use a single fixed point in defining the size of the degree in the absolute temperature scale.
From page 49...
... Giauque taught his research students to be the most clemancling critics of their own ciata, reasoning that once publishec! their work wouIc!
From page 50...
... Giauque taught that course every spring semester thereafter until his nominal retirement in June 1962. His classroom style was to lecture while using the blackboarc!
From page 51...
... WILLIAM FRAN CI S GIAU QUE 51 namics. His work will Tong endure in the textbooks.
From page 52...
... The third law of thermodynamics. Evidence from specific heats of glycerol that the entropy of a glass exceeds that of a crystal at the absolute zero.
From page 53...
... A test of the third law of thermodynamics by means of two crystalline forms of phosphine. The heat capac
From page 54...
... The measurement of adiabatic differential magnetic susceptibility near 1 absolute. The heat capacity of gadolinium phosphomolybate tridecahydrate from 0.17 to 4.7 absolute.
From page 55...
... Thermodynamic temperature and heat capacity of NiSiF6~6H2O without heat introduction below 0.35K. Magnetic moment and internal energy from 0.05 to 4.2K.
From page 56...
... Thermodynamic temperature without heat introduction below 0.5K. The freezing-in of magnetic structure in the lambda region.
From page 57...
... IV. Determination of absolute temperature scales and other properties below 0.5K with constant magnetic fields along the a crystal axis.


This material may be derived from roughly machine-read images, and so is provided only to facilitate research.
More information on Chapter Skim is available.