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Appendix: Evolution of Knowledge About Long-Term Nuclear Effects
Pages 185-188

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From page 185...
... Blast effects were finally settled on because they were certain to occur with each explosion; fire was considered a secondary effect, as was prompt radioactive fallout from surface bursts. With the growth of the arsenals, scientists became concerned that severe global environmental effects might occur if even a fraction of the existing nuclear weapons were detonated.
From page 186...
... of the global ozone burden could occur. The NRC report judged that the likely climatic impact of nuclear dust from 10,000 Mt of high-yield surface explosions would probably be no more than the slight cooling produced by the great Krakatau eruption of 1883; but it noted a large uncertainty in these findings.
From page 187...
... Thus, nearly four decades after the introduction of nuclear weapons technology, a series of unplanned, separate scientific developments has led to a reevaluation of our understanding of the global effects of nuclear war. One can ask whether even now the full range of physical consequences -- let alone the biological effects -- of nuclear warfare is within our comprehension.
From page 188...
... National Research Council (1975) Long-Term Worldwide Effects of Multiple Nuclear Weapons Detonations.

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