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1 Introduction
Pages 5-7

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From page 5...
... The second category involves studying how nature accomplishes a task or creates a structure with unusual properties, and then applying similar techniques in a completely different context or using completely different materials. An example of this approach is the study of the laminated structure of clam shells, which has been reverse-engineered to design a metal ceramic composite.
From page 6...
... A nucleus of broad-based research already exists, involving a variety of disciplines including chemistry, physics, biology, materials science, and engineering. The field of biomolecular materials requires substantial additional basic research, however.
From page 7...
... ~ ~ Biomolecular templates are being studied as nucleation devices for the synthesis of inorganic compounds with unusual structures and high degrees of perfection. Examples include the epitaxial growth of carbonates induced by molluscan shell protein and the intracellular synthesis of CdSe semiconductors.

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