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Appendix: Major U.S. Agencies and Organizations Engaged in Global Health Activities
Pages 55-60

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From page 55...
... After population matters, child survival is the largest expenditure category, and the focus has been on interventions aimed at the causes of greatest mortality: diarrhea, acute respiratory infections, immunizable diseases, malaria, and critical micronutrient deficiencies. Funding for the health programs at USAID, and for the agency in general, has declined over the past several years.
From page 56...
... This designation was earned through such international activities as the eradication of smallpox, early family planning work, HIV research in Africa early in the study of the infection, and efforts to promote child survival in Africa. The CDC, with the exception of the poliomyelitis eradication campaign, is not formally authorized to carry out international health activities with funds appropriated to DHHS, except to protect health in the United States.
From page 57...
... The total budget of NIH in 1995 was $12.6 billion. Because the outcome of NIH biomedical research is knowledge of human disease, and most of the diseases studied for example, cardiovascular and infectious diseases, cancers, and mental disorders-afflict people of all nations, the knowledge gained from NIH biomedical research programs helps create and sustain the international public good.
From page 58...
... facilities and bases located around the world, DoD has often been helpful in training local medical and health ministry personnel in epidemiology and research targeted to improve public health in areas where the United States has a national interest. DoD has, and is continuing to develop, critical information databases on infectious diseases and climate changes that relate to vector-born diseases and environmental hazards.
From page 59...
... The Howard Hughes Medical Institute has launched an international program in support of biomedical research and funds researchers in developing countries and in Mexico, and shortly will extend this program to five countries in Latin America. A new foundation is the Burroughs-Wellcome Fund in the United States, which spends perhaps $1.2 million explicitly on international health research by young investigators.

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