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4 Introduction
Pages 23-29

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From page 23...
... Part 11 Overview Discussion
From page 25...
... and allied forces, and favorable developments in international relations among the major powers, kept the Cold War from erupting into a third World War, it nevertheless included two "hot" wars, in Korea and Vietnam, that were of considerable magnitude if measured by the number of military casualties and civilian deaths, and it was followed immediately by the need to fight another war with large forces, in the Persian Gulf region, when major U.S. interests abroad were threatened.
From page 26...
... Nevertheless, it still appeared that the main challenge to the naval forces would come from the Soviet Union, although changing world conditions made it clear that naval force operations in what was then called "the Third World" would become increasingly important. An update of the 1988 study, published in 1993,2 recognized that with the shattering of the Soviet Union into constituent states in 1991 and the consequent waning of the military threat that the USSR had posed to the United States and its allies, international political, economic, and military activity in many other quarters of the world would have a growing impact on U.S.
From page 27...
... The Marine Corps has been developing a bold new concept known as Operational Maneuver From the Sea that capitalizes on new capabilities being acquired in aviation, in amphibious ships and landing craft, and in naval fire support.5 The Navy has developed cooperative engagement capabilities among networked defenses at sea and ashore that greatly strengthen the naval forces' ability to defend both sea and land forces against attack by stealthy aircraft and missiles. The Navy has also originated the concept and begun acquisition of an "arsenal ship" that can be a base for launching missiles against land, sea, and air targets on command from elsewhere in the fleet, in a networked mode similar to that of the cooperative engagement capabilities for defense.
From page 28...
... The study deals with four areas of concern that will be fundamental to Department of the Navy planning for future forces: · The international security environment over the period 2000 to 2035; . Technological opportunities during the period 2000 to 2035 technologies that the naval forces can use, consequent changes in the forces' composition, and how newly constituted forces could operate; · Shaping the naval forces of 2000 to 2035 describing the technologybased capability that must be made available to enable them to meet the challenges of the anticipated environment most effectively, and to hedge against uncertainty; and · The implications for Department of the Navy force planning and force building.
From page 29...
... This overview report describes and discusses the overall, integrated approach to force evolution that emerged from the study, and presents the key areas requiring the attention of the Navy Department's top management and commands to ensure effective implementation.

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