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Support Research
Pages 20-24

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From page 20...
... The annual Great American Smokeout sponsored by the American Cancer Society is the focus of enhanced media attention and in 1996 incorporated paid public service announcements in tandem with increased advertisements by nontobacco nicotine products. The event was associated with an increase in cessation attempts as measured by surveys and sales of nicotine products.36 As more products and services become available, the infrastructure supporting cessation programs will have to grow, and some of this infrastructure will depend on publicly funded health programs at the state and federal levels, in addition to activities in the private sector.
From page 21...
... _ _, ~ -- en r A- ~ ~~~ That working group went on to observe the salutary effect of the ASSIST program. A different working group on prevention previously recommended that NCT "Increase the investment in developing effective interventions for prevention and cessation of tobacco use, particularly in populations where tobacco use has remained high, e.g., adolescents, women, and those with less education and income." The working group on prevention differed from the one on cancer control working group about ASSIST, recommending that NCT "Increase the proportion of the tobacco control investment in basic research and in the development of effective interventions, and decrease the investment in large-scale dissemination efforts, e.g., ASSIST." The board believes that both reports clearly point to a need for an enhanced research effort, including a grants program for social, behavioral, and biological questions pertinent to tobacco control.
From page 22...
... The federal government, through NIH and other Public Health Service agencies, is uniquely capable of sustaining a robust research program on the health consequences of tobacco use as a component of the tobacco control research agenda suggested above. Several of the recommendations in earlier sections implicitly call for research, ranging from research in areas of molecular biology to social science, behavior, and prevention.
From page 23...
... Public Health Service agencies, including NIH, already have in place effective mechanisms for allocating research funds. The board believes that a significant fraction of the funds generated by tax increases or settlement payments should be devoted to research at NTH, CDC, AHCPR, and FDA as an increment to (not a substitute for)
From page 24...
... A history of product modifications that were marketed as health improvements but did not actually reduce exposure two examples are filter cigarettes that did not reduce tar or nicotine intake ancl "Iow-nicotine" cigarettes that merely led smokers to inhale deeper and longer to achieve the same nicotine dose has raised doubts about harm reduction strategies, as opposed to complete cessation and primary prevention. The advent of new cessation products, however, has turned attention once again to treating tobacco dependence through long-term nicotine maintenance, to reducing tobacco use without eliminating it, and to designing tobacco products that cause less exposure to toxins.

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