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6 Recommendations
Pages 59-64

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From page 59...
... From these important questions, the committee has identified seven basic research topics that it believes could immediately benefit from increased attention and more appropriate facilities for carrying out molecular approaches. Quantification of inter- and intraspecific genetic variations for assessing species biodiversity, population structure, migratory movements, and gene flow.
From page 60...
... Thus, more effective mechanisms for encouraging rapid transfer of molecular biological technologies into marine science laboratories must be developed, if this field is to fulfill its potential. There are three aspects of this process: development of new technologies, transfer of new technologies into the marine sciences, and provision of infrastructure (e.g., facilities, equipment, study organisms)
From page 61...
... The technologies and approaches of molecular biology could contribute to existing federally funded initiatives, such as the National Science Founclation's Joint Global Ocean Flux Study, the Ridge Interdisciplinary Global Experiment, the Land Margin Ecosystems Research program, and the Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics program. Specific recommendations call for: Developing technology to enable manipulation of organisms on board ships and in the laboratory under in situ environmental conditions.
From page 62...
... There is an opportunity for collaborative efforts among government, academic institutions, and industry in molecular marine biology research and infrastructure development. Other disciplines of marine science have found that regional or national facilities provide a means for efficient sharing of expensive resources.
From page 63...
... The private sector could also benefit from participation in a partnership with marine scientists and federal agencies to help support studies of marine biodiversity, which has the potential for exciting discoveries of biomedically important and/or environmentally useful organisms and compounds. In particular, the committee has identified three areas where the application of molecular biological techniques may lead to improvements in public health and/or the development of new products: · Better methods for screening contaminated waters, sediments, and seafood should be developed.
From page 64...
... Although exact figures are not available for each of the other countries, it is clear that their effort is very substantial (Yuan and Hsu, ~ 993; Zaborsky, ~ 993~. The members of the Committee on Molecular Marine Biology fee' strongly that, in order to answer the scientific questions posed in this report, achieve the scientific potential afforded by the techniques of molecular biology, and enhance the development and international competitiveness of the United States in the area of marine biotechnology, several actions will be necessary: Federal agencies, private industry, and academic scientists should work more closely together.

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