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3 Improving Policy Analysis: Research on the Decision-Making Process
Pages 15-20

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From page 15...
... Such concern underlies the expansion of the USGCRP to promote integrated assessment and recent planning on the human dimensions component of the USGCRP (Cantor et al., 1993~. The practicality of global change research depends on bridging the gap between decision makers, who need answers about how global change might affect their decisions and how their decisions might affect global change, and scientists, who create knowledge about global change that ideally provides the answers that decision makers seek.
From page 16...
... We propose a research program to improve global change decision making by building on systematic analyses of particular decisions and decision contexts. The research program would include both formal and descriptive analyses and would require the participation of all the social and natural sciences needed to characterize particular decisions, as well as representatives of the decision makers.
From page 17...
... it will support the development of methods for integrated systems assessment, as planned within the human dimensions segment of the USGCRP, by connecting those assessments with specific decisions; · it will assist the wider USGCRP initiative on integrated assessment by developing ways to translate decision makers' questions into priorities for global change research; · it will complement research on the economics of global change (e.g., work on the value of global change information) with a perspective that addresses a wide range of decisions as well as identifying barriers to effective decision making; and · it will establish communication channels between the environmental sciences and decision makers, leading to the better use of existing science and better focus for future science.
From page 18...
... Each project would consider the variety of decision makers (e.g., officials of national, state, and local governments and international organizations, corporate executives, households, leaders of nongovernmental organizations and social movements) that influence policy, the potential conflicts among them, and the institutional obstacles to effective action (e.g., perverse incentives, jurisdictional obstacles)
From page 19...
... Examples include decisions about land use, energy policy, the implementation of market and price-based mechanisms to secure sustainable development, the evaluation of environmentally benign technologies, and the quantification of environmental effects. The initial research goal would be to create detailed descriptions of the decisions faced by key decision makers in a particular domain.
From page 20...
... An international effort would help in judging research priorities in terms of the needs of foreign, international, and transnational decision makers. IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES At least initially, this research should be done in interdisciplinary teams, involving both natural and social scientists, with the latter in a lead role.

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