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Implications of Technological and Operational Factors for Competition and Trade
Pages 51-56

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From page 51...
... 2. What, in general, is the state of the art in the United States?
From page 52...
... 4. Just how important is marine terminal productivity in making the United States an effective international competitor?
From page 53...
... terminal operations compared to foreign operations of similar capability are due more to the performance of peopleómanagement, dockside labor, and their organization and work practices than it is to a need for new technological development. There are no significant technological limitations at present that impede productive terminal operations.
From page 54...
... Major positive factors where any advantage exists are generally associated with a more cooperative and hence favorable labor and management operating environment, and the high productivity that results. The role that foreign governments often take as a positive partner in the development of policy, capital formation, and the operational implementation of seaports is also important.
From page 55...
... In domestic transportation modes, for example, productivity gains have been driven largely by market forces, resulting in substantial institutional rearrangements. On the international front, trade often takes a back seat to political and military considerations.

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