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Appendix B: Glossary and Acronyms
Pages 210-214

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From page 210...
... Health care organization Entity that provides, coordinates, and/or insures health and medical services for people. Human factors Study of the interrelationships between humans, the tools they use, and the environment in which they live and work.4 Latent error Errors in the design, organization, training, or maintenance that lead to operator errors and whose effects typically lie dormant in the system for lengthy periods of time.
From page 211...
... Patient safety Freedom from accidental injury; ensuring patient safety involves the establishment of operational systems and processes that minimize the likelihood of errors and maximizes the likelihood of intercepting them when they occur. Quality of care Degree to which health services for individuals and populations increase the likelihood of desired health outcomes and are consistent with current professional knowledge.6 Standard A minimum level of acceptable performance or results or excellent levels of performance or the range of acceptable performance or results.7 The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
From page 212...
... . intensive care unit Institute for Safe Medication Practices intravenous JCAHO Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations MAR Medical Administration Record MER Medical Error Reporting (system)
From page 213...
... ., et al. The Costs of Adverse Drug Events in Hospitalized Patients.
From page 214...
... Heals care pro viders may be required to regularly issue reports and un dergo independent audits. PENNSYLVANIA Reportable event An event that seriously compromises quality assurance or pa tient safety, including: deaths due to injuries, suicide, or un usual circumstances; deaths due to medication error; deaths due to malnutrition, dehydration, or sepsis; elopements; pa tient abuse; rape; surgery on the wrong patient or modality; hemolytic transfusion reaction; infant abduction or discharge to wrong family; fire or structural damage; unlicensed prac tice of a regulated profession.

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