This symposium brought together leading experts and managers from the public and private sectors who are involved in the creation, dissemination, and use of scientific and technical data and information (STI) to: (1) describe and discuss the role and the benefits and costs--both economic and other--of the public domain in STI in the research and education context, (2) to identify and analyze the legal, economic, and technological pressures on the public domain in STI in research and education, (3) describe and discuss existing and proposed approaches to preserving the public domain in STI in the United States, and (4) identify issues that may require further analysis.
National Research Council. 2003. The Role of Scientific and Technical Data and Information in the Public Domain: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/10785.
|Session 1: The Role, Value, and Limits of Scientific and Technical (S&T) Data and Information in the Public Domain - 1. Discussion Framework||1-9|
|2. The Genius of Intellectual Property and the Need for the Public Domain||10-14|
|3. Intellectual Property - When Is It the Best Incentive Mechanism for S&T Data and Information?||15-18|
|4. The Economic Logic of “Open Science” and the Balance between Private Property Rights and the Public Domain in Scientific Data and Information: A Primer||19-34|
|5. Scientific Knowledge as a Global Public Good: Contributions to Innovation and the Economy||35-51|
|6. Opportunities for Commercial Exploitation of Networked Science and Technology Public-Domain Information Resources||52-55|
|8. Earth and Environmental Sciences||60-64|
|9. Biomedical Research||65-70|
|Session 2: Pressures on the Public Domain - 10. Discussion Framework||71-86|
|11. The Urge to Commercialize: Interactions Between Public and Private Research and Development||87-94|
|12. Legal Pressures in Intellectual Property Law||95-98|
|13. Legal Pressures on the Public Domain: Licensing Practices||99-103|
|14. Legal Pressures in National Security Restrictions||104-108|
|15. The Challenge of Digital Rights Management Technologies||109-116|
|Session 3: Potential Effects of a Diminishing Public Domain - 16. Discussion Framework||117-124|
|17. Fundamental Research and Education||125-128|
|18. Conflicting International Public Sector Information Policies and their Effects on the Public Domain and the Economy||129-132|
|19. Potential Effects of a Diminishing Public Domain in Biomedical Research Data||133-138|
|Session 4: Responses by the Research and Education Communities in Preserving the Public Domain and Promoting Open Access - 20. Discussion Framework||139-160|
|21. Strengthening Public-Domain Mechanisms in the Federal Government: A Perspective From Biological and Environmental Research||161-164|
|22. Academics as a Natural Haven for Open Science and Public-Domain Resources: How Far Can We Stray?||165-168|
|23. New Legal Approaches in the Private Sector||169-174|
|24. Designing Public-Private Transactions in the Private Sector||175-179|
|25. Emerging Models for Maintaining Scientific Data in the Public Domain||180-186|
|26. The Role of the Research University in Strengthening the Intellectual Commons: the OpenCourseWare and DSpace Initiatives at Massachusetts Institute of Technology||187-190|
|27. Corporate Donations of Geophysical Data||191-193|
|28. The Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Consortium||194-197|
|29. Closing Remarks||198-200|
|Appendix A: Final Symposium Agenda||201-205|
|Appendix B: Biographical Information on Speakers and Steering Committee Members||206-214|
|Appendix C: Symposium Attendees||215-224|
|Appendix D: Acronyms and Initialisms||225-226|
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