The United States economy relies on the productivity, entrepreneurship, and creativity of its people. To maintain its scientific and engineering leadership amid increasing economic and educational globalization, the United States must aggressively pursue the innovative capacity of all its people—women and men. However, women face barriers to success in every field of science and engineering; obstacles that deprive the country of an important source of talent. Without a transformation of academic institutions to tackle such barriers, the future vitality of the U.S. research base and economy are in jeopardy.
Beyond Bias and Barriers explains that eliminating gender bias in academia requires immediate overarching reform, including decisive action by university administrators, professional societies, federal funding agencies and foundations, government agencies, and Congress. If implemented and coordinated across public, private, and government sectors, the recommended actions will help to improve workplace environments for all employees while strengthening the foundations of America's competitiveness.
National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2007. Beyond Bias and Barriers: Fulfilling the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/11741.
|2 Learning and Performance||24-49|
|3 Examining Persistence and Attrition||50-112|
|4 Success and Its Evaluation inScience and Engineering||113-159|
|5 Institutional Constraints||160-213|
|6 Fulfilling the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering||214-244|
|Appendix A Biographical Information||245-255|
|Appendix B Statement of Task||256-257|
|Appendix C Chapter 4, Measuring Racial Discrimination, Theories of Discrimination||258-274|
|Appendix D References||275-300|
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