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Consensus Study Report


Citrus greening, a disease that reduces yield, compromises the flavor, color, and size of citrus fruit and eventually kills the citrus tree, is now present in all 34 Floridian citrus-producing counties. Caused by an insect-spread bacterial infection, the disease reduced citrus production in 2008 by several percent and continues to spread, threatening the existence of Florida's $9.3 billion citrus industry.

A successful citrus greening response will focus on earlier detection of diseased trees, so that these sources of new infections can be removed more quickly, and on new methods to control the insects that carry the bacteria. In the longerterm, technologies such as genomics could be used to develop new citrus strains that are resistant to both the bacteria and the insect.


Suggested Citation

National Research Council. 2010. Strategic Planning for the Florida Citrus Industry: Addressing Citrus Greening Disease. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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Publication Info

328 pages |  8.5 x 11 | 

  • Paperback:  978-0-309-15207-5
  • Ebook:  978-0-309-15335-5
Chapters skim
Front Matter i-xviii
Summary 1-12
1 Introduction 13-16
2 Challenges to Citrus Production 17-66
3 Citrus Greening Research and Development and Industry Preparedness 67-92
4 Recommendations on Organizational Changes, Technology Development, and Systems Approaches for Minimizing the Impacts of Huanglongbing and Other Diseases and Pests in Florida Citrus 93-126
5 Strategies for Implementing Plans for Mitigation of Huanglongbing and Other Problems in Citrus Production 127-142
Glossary 143-146
References 147-182
Appendixes 183-184
Appendix A: Committee Statement of Task 185-186
Appendix B: Committee Biographies 187-192
Appendix C: Liaison Committee on Strategic Planning for the Florida Citrus Industry: Addressing Citrus Greening Disease 193-194
Appendix D: Oral Presentations and Written Statements Submitted to the Committee 195-198
Appendix E: Significant Citrus Diseases Other Than Huanglongbing 199-202
Appendix F: Significant Citrus Insect and Mite Pests 203-206
Appendix G: Missions of University, Government, and Non-government Agencies with Responsibilities Related to Citrus Production and Marketing 207-212
Appendix H: Citrus Bacterial Canker: Outbreaks and Regulatory Response 213-216
Appendix I: Detection of Asian Citrus Psyllid and Huanglongbing in Florida and Major Events and Activities That Occurred in Response to Their Detection (June 1998–August 2009) 217-234
Appendix J: Funded Projects on Citrus Greening (2008–2010) 235-270
Appendix K: Huanglongbing Research Milestones (1956–2009) 271-304
Appendix L: Witches' Broom Disease Outbreak in Brazil and Control Attempts: Success and Failure in Bahia, Brazil (1989–2009) 305-306
Appendix M: Vector-borne Maize Pathogens: Lessons Learned 307-310

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