Protecting Earth's environment and other solar system bodies from harmful contamination has been an important principle throughout the history of space exploration. For decades, the scientific, political, and economic conditions of space exploration converged in ways that contributed to effective development and implementation of planetary protection policies at national and international levels. However, the future of space exploration faces serious challenges to the development and implementation of planetary protection policy. The most disruptive changes are associated with (1) sample return from, and human missions to, Mars; and (2) missions to those bodies in the outer solar system possessing water oceans beneath their icy surfaces.
Review and Assessment of Planetary Protection Policy Development Processes addresses the implications of changes in the complexion of solar system exploration as they apply to the process of developing planetary protection policy. Specifically, this report examines the history of planetary protection policy, assesses the current policy development process, and recommends actions to improve the policy development process in the future.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Review and Assessment of Planetary Protection Policy Development Processes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/25172.
|2 Historical Context||14-40|
|3 Summary and Assessment of the Current Process||41-67|
|4 Policy Development Process Beyond NASA||68-78|
|5 Planetary Protection Challenges from the Human Exploration of Mars||79-84|
|6 The Private Sector and Planetary Protection Policy Development||85-89|
|7 A NASA Planetary Protection Strategic Plan||90-94|
|Appendix A: Letter Requesting This Study||95-100|
|Appendix B: Mars Special Regions: A Case Study in the Evolution of Planetary Protection Policies||101-105|
|Appendix C: NASA's Standard Program and Project Management and Systems Engineering Practices||106-107|
|Appendix D: NASA's Planetary Protection Research Program||108-111|
|Appendix E: Orbital Debris Mitigation Guidelines: A Model for International Collaboration and Consensus Building||112-114|
|Appendix F: Biographies of Committee Members and Staff||115-120|
|Appendix G: Acronyms||121-123|
|Appendix H: Interagency Deliberations Concerning Initial Launch of the Falcon 9 Heavy||124-126|
The Chapter Skim search tool presents what we've algorithmically identified as the most significant single chunk of text within every page in the chapter. You may select key terms to highlight them within pages of each chapter.
The National Academies Press (NAP) has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's Rightslink service to offer you a variety of options for reusing NAP content. Through Rightslink, you may request permission to reprint NAP content in another publication, course pack, secure website, or other media. Rightslink allows you to instantly obtain permission, pay related fees, and print a license directly from the NAP website. The complete terms and conditions of your reuse license can be found in the license agreement that will be made available to you during the online order process. To request permission through Rightslink you are required to create an account by filling out a simple online form. The following list describes license reuses offered by the National Academies Press (NAP) through Rightslink:
Click here to obtain permission for the above reuses. If you have questions or comments concerning the Rightslink service, please contact:
Rightslink Customer Care
Tel (toll free): 877/622-5543
To request permission to distribute a PDF, please contact our Customer Service Department at 800-624-6242 for pricing.
To request permission to translate a book published by the National Academies Press or its imprint, the Joseph Henry Press, pleaseclick here to view more information.