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This booklet provides key insights from Oil in the Sea IV: Inputs, Fates, and Effects, published in 2022, which benefited from significant advancements in scientific methods to detect the input and fates of oil in the sea, and from lessons learned from the Deepwater Horizon explosion and oil spill in 2010. Going beyond previous reports, Oil in the Sea IV includes analysis of human health impacts of oil in the sea, oil in the Arctic marine environment, and prevention and response efforts that can help to both reduce the amount of oil reaching the sea and minimize its effects. The booklet is meant to serve as a reference guide to all those involved in oil spill research and response.

Suggested Citation

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Oil in the Sea IV: Quick Guide for Practitioners and Researchers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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84 pages |  8.5 x 11 |  DOI:

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