Mandated standards used for vehicle airbags, International Organization for Standards (ISO) standards adopted for photographic film, de facto standards for computer software—however they arise, standards play a fundamental role in the global marketplace.
Standards, Conformity Assessment, and Trade provides a comprehensive, up-to-date analysis of the link between standards, product testing and certification, and U.S. economic performance. The book includes recommendations for streamlining standards development, increasing the efficiency of product testing and certification, and promoting the success of U.S. exports in world markets.
The volume offers a critical examination of organizations involved in standards and identifies the urgent improvements needed in the U.S. system for conformity assessment, in which adherence to standards is assessed and certified. Among other key issues, the book explores the role of government regulation, laboratory accreditation, and the overlapping of multiple quality standards in product development and manufacturing.
In one of the first treatments of this subject, Standards, Conformity Assessment, and Trade offers a unique and highly valuable analysis of the impact of standards and conformity assessment on global trade.
National Research Council. 1995. Standards, Conformity Assessment, and Trade: Into the 21st Century. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/4921.
|2 Standards Development||23-64|
|3 Conformity Asses||65-102|
|4 International Trade||103-152|
|5 Recommendations to Address Future Challenges and Opportunities||153-168|
|Appendix A: New Developments in International Standards and Global Trade: A Conference Summary||169-196|
|Appendix B: Legislative Request for the Study: Public Law 102-245||197-198|
|Appendix C: Biographical Information on Committee and Staff||199-204|
|Appendix D: Glossary and Acronyms||205-212|
|Appendix E: Selected Bibliography||213-228|
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