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Naval Forces' Defense Capabilities Against Chemical and Biological Warfare Threats (2004)

Chapter: Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2004. Naval Forces' Defense Capabilities Against Chemical and Biological Warfare Threats. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11034.
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D
Acronyms and Abbreviations


AC

cyanide

ACADA

automatic chemical agent/detector alarm

ACPLA

agent-containing particle per liter of air

ACTD

advanced concept technology demonstration

AOR

area of responsibility


BAL

British Anti-Lewisite

BDO

battle dress overgarment

BW

biological warfare

BZ

3-quinuclidinyl benzilate


C3

command, control, and communications

CA

contamination avoidance

CANA

convulsant antidote for nerve agent

CB

chemical and biological

CBD

Chemical and Biological Defense (Joint Program)

CBIRF

Chemical and Biological Incident Response Force

CBR-D

chemical, biological, and radiological defense

CBRE

chemical, biological, radiological, and environmental

CBRNE

chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, or high yield explosive

CBW

chemical and biological warfare

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CFFC

Commander, Fleet Forces Command

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2004. Naval Forces' Defense Capabilities Against Chemical and Biological Warfare Threats. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11034.
×

CNAC

Center for Naval Analyses Corporation

CNO

Chief of Naval Operations

CNR

Chief of Naval Research

COMNAVAIRLANT

Commander, Naval Air Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet

COMNAVAIRPAC

Commander, Naval Air Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet

COMUSNAVCENT

Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Central Command

CONOPS

concept of operations

CONUS

continental United States

COTS

commercial off-the-shelf

CPO

chemical protective overgarment

CPS

Collective Protection System

CST

civil support team

CTF 73

Commander, Task Force 73

CW

chemical warfare

CWDD

chemical weapon directional detector


DARPA

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

DDG

U.S. Navy guided-missile destroyer (designation)

DIAL

differential absorption LIDAR

DISC

differential scattering

DOD

Department of Defense

DOE

Department of Energy

DOTMLPF

doctrine, organization, training, materiel, leadership, personnel, and facilities

DS2

diethylenetriamine, 2-methoxyethanol, and sodium hydroxide

DSB

Defense Science Board

DTRA

Defense Threat Reduction Agency


ECBC

Edgewood Chemical and Biological Command

ELISA

enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

EM

electromagnetic

ExCEL

Excellence through Commitment to Education and Learning


FBE F

Fleet Battle Experiment Foxtrot

FCBC

Field Management of Chemical and Biological Casualties

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

FD-EPMU

forward-deployable, environmental and preventive medicine unit

FMF

fleet Marine force

FTIR

Fourier transform infrared

FY

fiscal year

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2004. Naval Forces' Defense Capabilities Against Chemical and Biological Warfare Threats. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11034.
×

GAO

General Accounting Office

GB

sarin

GD

soman

GF

cyclosarin

GPS

Global Positioning System


HAZMAT

hazardous material

HD

mustard

HEPA

high-efficiency particulate air (filter)

HQMC

Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps

HSI

hyperspectral imaging


I&W

indications and warnings

IMS

ion mobility spectrometry

IND

Investigational New Drug/Vaccine

IPDS

improved point detection system

IPE

individual protective equipment

IR

infrared


JBPDS

joint biological point detection system

JCAD

joint chemical agent detector

JCBAWM

joint chemical/biological agent water monitor

JCE

joint chemical ensemble

JPO-BD

Joint Program Office for Biological Defense

JSCESS

joint Service contaminated environment survival suit

JSFSD

Joint Services Fixed Site Decontamination

JSLSCAD

joint service lightweight standoff chemical agent detector

JSPGM

Joint Services Program

JSSED

Joint Services Sensitive Equipment Decontamination

JTF/CS

Joint Task Force/Civil Support

JVAP

Joint Vaccine Acquisition Program

JWARN

Joint Warning and Reporting Network


L

lewisite

lidar

light detection and ranging


MARCORSYSCOM

Marine Corps Systems Command

MCBC

Medical Management of Chemical and Biological Casualties

MCCDC

Marine Corps Combat Development Command

MCM

mine countermeasures

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2004. Naval Forces' Defense Capabilities Against Chemical and Biological Warfare Threats. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11034.
×

MEB

Marine expeditionary brigade

MEB(AT)

Marine Expeditionary Brigade (Anti-terrorism)

MEU(SOC)

Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations Capable)

MOPP

mission-oriented protective posture

MS

mass spectrometry

MSI

multispectral imaging


NAPPB

nerve agent pretreatment pyridostigmine bromide

N095

OPNAV, Director of Naval Reserve

N3

OPNAV, Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Plans, Policy & Operations)

N4

OPNAV, Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Logistics)

N70

OPNAV, Warfare Integration

N70CP

OPNAV, Office of Counter-Proliferation

N91

OPNAV, Director of Navy Test and Evaluation and Technology Requirements

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NAVCENT

Navy Component, Central Command

NAVFAC

Naval Facilities Engineering Command

NAVSEA

Naval Sea Systems Command

NBC

nuclear, biological, and chemical

NIH

National Institutes of Health

NMRC

Naval Medical Research Center

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NORTHCOM

U.S. Northern Command (Homeland Security)

NRL

Naval Research Laboratory

NSF

National Science Foundation

NWDC

Navy Warfare Development Command


OCONUS

outside the continental United States

OJCS

Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

ONI

Office of Naval Intelligence

ONR

Office of Naval Research

OPNAV

Office of the Chief of Naval Operations

OSD

Office of the Secretary of Defense


2-PAM

pralidoxime chloride

PB

pyridostigmine bromide

PCR

polymerase chain reaction

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2004. Naval Forces' Defense Capabilities Against Chemical and Biological Warfare Threats. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11034.
×

QDR

Quadrennial Defense Review


R&D

research and development

RADIAC

radiation detection, indication, and computation

RDA

research, development, and acquisition

RDT&E

research, development, testing, and evaluation

RSCAAL

remote sensing chemical agent alarm


S&T

science and technology

SAW

surface acoustic wave

SCPE

shipboard collective protection equipment

SECNAV

Secretary of the Navy

SORTS

Status of Resources and Training System

SRBSDS

short-range biological detector system

SWAT

special weapons and tactics team


T&E

testing and evaluation

TARA

Technology Area Review and Assessment (panel)

TIC

toxic industrial chemical

TIM

toxic industrial material

TRAC

Threat Reduction Advisory Committee

TTPs

tactics, techniques, and procedures


UAV

unmanned aerial vehicle

UGV

unmanned ground vehicle

USAF

U.S. Air Force

USAMRICD

U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense

USAMRIID

U.S. Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases

USD(AT&L)

under secretary of defense for acquisition, technology, and logistics

USJFCOM

U.S. Joint Forces Command

UV

ultraviolet


VIG

vaccinia-immune globulin

VX

O-ethyl S-diisopropylaminoethyl methylphosphonothiolate


WMD

weapons of mass destruction


YAG

yttrium aluminum garnet

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2004. Naval Forces' Defense Capabilities Against Chemical and Biological Warfare Threats. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11034.
×
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2004. Naval Forces' Defense Capabilities Against Chemical and Biological Warfare Threats. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11034.
×
Page 189
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2004. Naval Forces' Defense Capabilities Against Chemical and Biological Warfare Threats. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11034.
×
Page 190
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2004. Naval Forces' Defense Capabilities Against Chemical and Biological Warfare Threats. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11034.
×
Page 191
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2004. Naval Forces' Defense Capabilities Against Chemical and Biological Warfare Threats. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11034.
×
Page 192
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2004. Naval Forces' Defense Capabilities Against Chemical and Biological Warfare Threats. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11034.
×
Page 193
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2004. Naval Forces' Defense Capabilities Against Chemical and Biological Warfare Threats. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11034.
×
Page 194
Naval Forces' Defense Capabilities Against Chemical and Biological Warfare Threats Get This Book
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 Naval Forces' Defense Capabilities Against Chemical and Biological Warfare Threats
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U.S. naval forces must be prepared to respond to a broad array of threats. Of increasing importance are those from chemical and biological warfare (CW and BW). To help review its current state of preparedness, the Chief of Naval Operations asked the National Research Council (NRC) to assess the U.S. Navy's defense capabilities against CW and BW threats. In particular to what extent are they being developed to enable naval forces to sense and analyze quickly the presence of chemical and biological agents, withstand or avoid exposure to such agents, deal with contamination under a broad spectrum of operational conditions, and over what period will these capabilities be realized. This report presents the results of that assessment. It provides an overview of the potential threats, and an evaluation of the Navy's operations, non-medical programs, and medical countermeasures designed to confront those threats. The report also presents a series of general and specific findings and recommendations based on these assessments.

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