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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2005. The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11524.
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The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries

Selected Studies

Cynthia B. Lloyd, Jere R. Behrman, Nelly P. Stromquist, and Barney Cohen, Editors

Panel on Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries

Committee on Population

Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, D.C.
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2005. The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11524.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20001

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This study was supported by a cooperative agreement between the National Academy of Sciences and the United States Agency for International Development (CCP-3078-A-00-5024) and from grants from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, and the World Bank. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

The changing transitions to adulthood in developing countries : selected studies / Cynthia B. Lloyd … [et al.], editors ; Panel on Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries ; Committee on Population, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education.

p. cm.

Includes bibliographical references.

ISBN 0-309-09680-4 (pbk.)—ISBN 0-309-55130-7 (pdf)

1. Young adults—Developing countries. 2. Youth—Developing countries. 3. Adulthood—Developing countries. 4. School-to-work transition—Developing countries. I. Lloyd, Cynthia B., 1943- . II. National Research Council (U.S.). Panel on Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries. III. National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Population.

HQ799.8.D45C43 2005

305.242′091724—dc22

2005017524

Additional copies of this report are available from the
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Copyright 2005 by the National Academies. All rights reserved.

Suggested citation: National Research Council. (2005). The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies. Cynthia B. Lloyd, Jere R. Behrman, Nelly P. Stromquist, and Barney Cohen, eds. Panel on Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries. Committee on Population. Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2005. The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11524.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

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The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. Wm. A. Wulf are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.

www.national-academies.org

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2005. The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11524.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2005. The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11524.
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PANEL ON TRANSITIONS TO ADULTHOOD IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

CYNTHIA B. LLOYD (Chair),

Policy Research Division, Population Council, New York

CARLOS E. ARAMBURÚ,

Consorcio de Investigación Económica y Social, Lima, Peru

NAN MARIE ASTONE,

Department of Population and Family Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins University

KAUSHIK BASU,

Department of Economics, Cornell University

JERE R. BEHRMAN,

Department of Economics and Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania

ANASTASIA J. GAGE,

Department of International Health and Development, Tulane University

SHIREEN J. JEJEEBHOY,

Population Council, New Delhi, India

RICHARD JESSOR,

Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado, Boulder

BARTHÉLÉMY KUATE-DEFO,

Department of Demography, University of Montreal

DAVID A. LAM,

Department of Economics and Population Studies Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

ROBERT J. MAGNANI,

Family Health International, Arlington, VA

BARBARA S. MENSCH,

Policy Research Division, Population Council, New York

SUSHEELA SINGH,

The Alan Guttmacher Institute, New York

NELLY P. STROMQUIST,

School of Education, University of Southern California

Liaison to Committee on Adolescent Health and Development

ROBERT BLUM,

Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2005. The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11524.
×

COMMITTEE ON POPULATION 2003-2005

KENNETH W. WACHTER (Chair),

Department of Demography, University of California, Berkeley

ANNE C. CASE,

Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University

CHARLES B. KEELY,

Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University

DAVID I. KERTZER,

Department of Anthropology, Brown University

BARTHÉLÉMY KUATE DEFO,

Department of Demography, University of Montreal

CYNTHIA B. LLOYD,

Policy Research Division, Population Council, New York

THOMAS W. MERRICK,

Center for Global Health, George Washington University

RUBÉN G. RUMBAUT,

Department of Sociology and Center for Research on Immigration, Population, and Public Policy, University of California, Irvine

JAMES W. VAUPEL,

Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany

ROBERT J. WILLIS,

Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

BARNEY COHEN, Director

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2005. The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11524.
×

CONTRIBUTORS

JERE R. BEHRMAN, Department of Economics and Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania

JOHN B. CASTERLINE, Department of Demography, Pennsylvania State University

BARNEY COHEN, Committee on Population, The National Academies, Washington, DC

MONICA J. GRANT, Policy Research Division, Population Council, New York

SHIVA S. HALLI, Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada

KELLY HALLMAN, Policy Research Division, Population Council, New York

EMILY HANNUM, Department of Sociology, University of Pennsylvania

PAUL C. HEWETT, Policy Research Division, Population Council, New York

SHIREEN J. JEJEEBHOY, Population Council, New Delhi, India

JAMES C. KNOWLES, Independent consultant, Bangkok, Thailand

BARTHÉLÉMY KUATE-DEFO, Department of Demography, University of Montreal, Canada

DAVID A. LAM, Department of Economics and Population Studies Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

JIHONG LIU, Department of Population and International Health, Harvard School of Public Health

CYNTHIA B. LLOYD, Policy Research Division, Population Council, New York

LETÍCIA MARTELETO, Department of Demography, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil

BARBARA S. MENSCH, Policy Research Division, Population Council, New York

AGNES R. QUISUMBING, Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, Washington, DC

PIYALI SENGUPTA, Independent research consultant, Wilmington, DE

SUSHEELA SINGH, The Alan Guttmacher Institute, New York

NELLY P. STROMQUIST, School of Education, University of Southern California

Page viii Cite
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2005. The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11524.
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Acknowledgments

In 2001 the National Research Council (NRC) and the Institute of Medicine convened a multidisciplinary panel of experts to assess how the transition to adulthood is changing in the developing world and what the implications of those changes might be for the design and improvement of programs and policies affecting young people. In December 2004 the panel released its report, Growing Up Global: The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries, with the panel’s findings, analysis, and conclusions. This companion volume contains the detailed background papers that the panel commissioned to help its work.

The papers in this volume have been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the Report Review Committee of the NRC. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published volume as sound as possible and to ensure that the volume meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to charge. The review comments remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of one or more papers in this volume: Samer Al-Samarrai, Department of Economics, Institute of Development Studies, Sussex, United Kingdom; Mary Arends-Kuenning, Department of Agriculture and Consumer Economics, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Magali Barbieri, Institut National Etudes Démographiques, France; David Bishai, Department of Population and Family Health Science, Johns Hopkins University; John Bongaarts, Population

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2005. The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11524.
×

Council, New York; Deborah Davis, Department of Sociology, Yale University; Deborah DeGraff, Department of Economics, Bowdoin College, Maine; Anil Deolalikar, Department of Humanities, University of California, Riverside; Andrew Foster, Department of Economics, Brown University; Elizabeth Fussell, Department of Sociology, Tulane University; Paul Glewwe, Department of Economics, University of Minnesota; Daniel Goodkind, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC; Margaret Greene, Center for Global Health, George Washington University; Leah C. Gutierrez, Asian Development Bank, Philippines; John Hobcraft, Department of Social Policy and Social Work, University of York, United Kingdom; Allen Kelley, Department of Economics, Duke University; Reed Larson, Department of Human and Community Development, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Deborah Levison, Institute of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota; Anju Malhotra, Population and Social Transitions, International Center for Research on Women, Washington, DC; Peter McDonald, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, Australia; Elena Nightingale, Institute of Medicine, Washington, DC; Constantijn W.A. Panis, Center for the Study of Aging, RAND, California; David Post, Department of Education Policy Studies, Pennsylvania State University; Robert Prouty, World Bank, Washington, DC; George Psacharopoulos, State MP, Greece; Vijayendra Rao, Development Research Group, World Bank, Washington, DC; Ronald R. Rindfuss, Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Najma Sharif, Department of Economics, Saint Mary’s University, Nova Scotia, Canada; Susan Short, Department of Sociology, Brown University; Tom A.B. Snijders, Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, University of Groningen, The Netherlands; Insan Tunali, Department of Economics, University of Kansas; Etienne van de Walle, Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania.

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of any of the papers nor did they see the final version of any paper before this publication. The review of this volume was overseen by Cynthia B. Lloyd, Population Council; Jere R. Behrman, University of Pennsylvania; and Nelly P. Stromquist, University of Southern California. Appointed by the NRC, they were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of the papers was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this volume rests entirely with the authors.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2005. The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11524.
×

Contents

1

 

Introduction
Cynthia B. Lloyd, Jere R. Behrman, Nelly P. Stromquist, and Barney Cohen

 

1

2

 

Changing Contexts in Which Youth Are Transitioning to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Converging Toward Developed Economies?
Jere R. Behrman and Piyali Sengupta

 

13

3

 

Small Families and Large Cohorts: The Impact of the Demographic Transition on Schooling in Brazil
David A. Lam and Letícia Marteleto

 

56

4

 

Progress Toward Education for All: Trends and Current Challenges for sub-Saharan Africa
Paul C. Hewett and Cynthia B. Lloyd

 

84

5

 

Trends in the Timing of First Marriage Among Men and Women in the Developing World
Barbara S. Mensch, Susheela Singh, and John B. Casterline

 

118

6

 

Marriage Patterns in Rural India: Influence of Sociocultural Context
Shireen J. Jejeebhoy and Shiva S. Halli

 

172

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2005. The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11524.
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Serving as a companion to Growing Up Global, this book from the National Research Council explores how the transition to adulthood is changing in developing countries in light of globalization and what the implications of these changes might be for those responsible for designing youth policies and programs. Presenting a detailed series of studies, this volume both complements its precursor and makes for a useful contribution in its own right. It should be of significant interest to scholars, leaders of civil society, and those charged with designing youth policies and programs.

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