National Academies Press: OpenBook

Urban Stormwater Management in the United States (2009)

Chapter: Appendix A Acronyms

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Acronyms." National Research Council. 2009. Urban Stormwater Management in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12465.
Page 565
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Acronyms." National Research Council. 2009. Urban Stormwater Management in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12465.
Page 566

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Appendix A Acronyms BAC best attainable conditions BAT best available technology BCG Biological Condition Gradient BCT best control technology BOD biochemical oxygen demand CAFO concentrated animal feeding operation CBWM Chesapeake Bay Watershed Model CCI Census of Construction Industries CERCLA Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act CGP Construction General Permit CN Curve Number COD chemical oxygen demand COV coefficient of variability CWA Clean Water Act DHSVM Distributed Hydrology, Soil, and Vegetation Model EIA effective impervious area EMC event mean concentration ERP Enforcement Response Plan ETV Environmental Technology Verification Program EWH exceptional warmwater habitat FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency FHWA Federal Highway Administration FIFRA Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act GIS Geographic Information System GWLF General Watershed Loading Function HRU Hydrologic Response Unit HSPF Hydrologic Simulation Program–Fortran HUC hydrologic unit code ICM Impervious Cover Model KCRTS King County Runoff Time Series LDC least disturbed conditions LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design LID low-impact development MDC minimally disturbed conditions MEP maximum extent practicable MGD million gallons per day MSGP multi-sector industrial stormwater general permit MTBE methyl tert-butyl ether NCSI Normalized Channel Stabilization Index NOI Notice of Intent 565

566 URBAN STORMWATER MANAGEMENT IN THE UNITED STATES NPDES National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System NRDC Natural Resources Defense Council NRI National Resource Inventory NSQD National Stormwater Quality Database NTU Nephelometric Turbidity Unit NURP National Urban Runoff Program PAH polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons PCB polychlorinated biphenyl POTW publicly owned treatment works PUD planned unit development RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act RPA Reasonable Potential Analysis SBUH Santa Barbara Unit Hydrograph SCCWRP Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Authority SCM stormwater control measure SIC Standard Industrial Classification SLAMM Source Loading and Management Model SMDR Soil Moisture Distributed and Routing SWAT Soil and Water Assessment Tool SWMM Stormwater Management Model SWPPP stormwater pollution prevention plan TALU tiered aquatic life use TARP Technology Acceptance and Reciprocity Partnership TIA total impervious area TKN total Kjedahl nitrogen TMDL total maximum daily load TND traditional neighborhood development TOD transit-oriented development TSCA Toxic Substances Control Act TSS total suspended solids UAA Use Attainability Analysis UDC unified development code ULARA Upper Los Angeles River Area USLE Universal Soil Loss Equation WERF Water Environment Research Foundation WQA Water Quality Act WQS water quality standard WWH warmwater habitat WWHM Western Washington Hydrologic Model WWTP wastewater treatment plant

Next: Appendix B Glossary »
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The rapid conversion of land to urban and suburban areas has profoundly altered how water flows during and following storm events, putting higher volumes of water and more pollutants into the nation's rivers, lakes, and estuaries. These changes have degraded water quality and habitat in virtually every urban stream system. The Clean Water Act regulatory framework for addressing sewage and industrial wastes is not well suited to the more difficult problem of stormwater discharges.

This book calls for an entirely new permitting structure that would put authority and accountability for stormwater discharges at the municipal level. A number of additional actions, such as conserving natural areas, reducing hard surface cover (e.g., roads and parking lots), and retrofitting urban areas with features that hold and treat stormwater, are recommended.


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