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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Preventing Violence Against Women and Children: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13139.
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Preventing Violence

Against Women

and Children

Workshop Summary

Deepali M. Patel, Rapporteur

Forum on Global Violence Prevention
Board on Global Health

INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE
              OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

Washington, D.C.

www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Preventing Violence Against Women and Children: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13139.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS     500 Fifth Street, N.W.     Washington, DC 20001

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

This study was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Administration on Aging, Office of Women’s Health; Anheuser-Busch InBev; Avon Foundation for Women; BD (Becton Dickinson, and Company); Catholic Health Initiatives; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Department of Education: Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools; Department of Justice: National Institute of Justice; Fetzer Foundation; F. Felix Foundation; Foundation to Promote Open Society; Kaiser Permanente; National Institutes of Health: National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Office of Research on Women’s Health, John E. Fogarty International Center; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation; and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-21151-2
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-21151-4

Additional copies of this report are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, N.W., Lockbox 285, Washington, DC 20055; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); Internet, http://www.nap.edu.

For more information about the Institute of Medicine, visit the IOM home page at: www.iom.edu.

Copyright 2011 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.

Suggested citation: IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2011. Preventing violence against women and children: Workshop summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Preventing Violence Against Women and Children: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13139.
×

Knowing is not enough; we must apply.
Willing is not enough; we must do.
”      

                                                —Goethe

image

INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE
              OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advising the Nation. Improving Health.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Preventing Violence Against Women and Children: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13139.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Charles M. Vest is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. Charles M. Vest are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.

www.national-academies.org

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Preventing Violence Against Women and Children: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13139.
×

PLANNING COMMITTEE ON PREVENTING VIOLENCE
AGAINST WOMEN AND CHILDREN WORKSHOP1

JACQUELYN C. CAMPBELL (Chair), Anna D. Wolf Chair and Professor, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing

CLARE ANDERSON, Deputy Commissioner, Administration on Children, Youth and Families, Department of Health and Human Services

GARY BARKER, International Director, Promundo-DC

JEFFREY EDLESON, Professor and Director of Research, University of Minnesota School of Social Work

CLAUDIA GARCÍA-MORENO, Coordinator, Department of Gender, Women, and Health, World Health Organization

JOANNE LACROIX, Manager, Family Violence Prevention Unit, Public Health Agency of Canada

SUSAN SALASIN, Director, Trauma and Trauma-Informed Care Program, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

Consultant

ELENA NIGHTINGALE, Scholar-in-Residence, Institute of Medicine

 

 

________________

1 Institute of Medicine planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the workshop, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. The responsibility for the published workshop summary rests with the workshop rapporteur and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Preventing Violence Against Women and Children: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13139.
×

FORUM ON GLOBAL VIOLENCE PREVENTION

JACQUELYN C. CAMPBELL (Co-chair), Anna D. Wolf Chair and Professor, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing

MARK ROSENBERG (Co-chair), President and CEO, The Task Force for Global Health

CLARE ANDERSON, Deputy Commissioner, Administration on Children, Youth and Families, Department of Health and Human Services

FRANCES ASHE-GOINS, Acting Director, Office on Women’s Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

KATRINA BAUM, Division Director, Violence & Victimization Research, National Institute of Justice, Department of Justice

SUSAN BISSELL, Associate Director, Child Protection Section, UNICEF

ARTURO CERVANTES TREJO, Director General, National Center for Injury Prevention, Ministry of Health, Mexico

XINQI DONG, Associate Professor of Medicine, Behavioral Sciences and Nursing, Rush Institute for Healthy Aging, Rush University Medical Center

AMIE GIANINO, Global Director, Beer & Better World, Anheuser-Busch InBev

KATHY GREENLEE, Assistant Secretary for Aging, Administration on Aging, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

RODRIGO V. GUERRERO, City Counselor, Cali, Colombia

JOHN R. HAYES, Global Strategy Leader for Neuroscience, Medical Affairs, Eli Lilly and Company

DAVID HEMENWAY, Director, Injury Control Research Center and the Youth Violence Prevention Center, Harvard University

FRANCES HENRY, Advisor, F. Felix Foundation

MERCEDES S. HINTON, Program Officer, Initiative on Confronting Violent Crime, Open Society Institute

LARKE NAHME HUANG, Senior Advisor, Office of the Administrator, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

L. ROWELL HUESMANN, Amos N. Tversky Collegiate Professor of Psychology and Communication Studies Director, Research Center for Group Dynamics, Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan

KEVIN JENNINGS, Assistant Deputy Secretary of Education, Office of Safe and Drug Free Schools, Department of Education

CAROL M. KURZIG, President, Avon Foundation for Women

JOANNE LACROIX, Manager, Family Violence Prevention Unit, Public Health Agency of Canada

JACQUELINE LLOYD, Health Scientist Administrator, Prevention Research Branch, Division of Epidemiology, Services and Prevention Research, National Institute on Drug Abuse

BRIGID McCAW, Medical Director, NCal Family Violence Prevention Program, Kaiser Permanente

JAMES A. MERCY, Special Advisor for Strategic Directions, Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Prevention and Control

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Preventing Violence Against Women and Children: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13139.
×

PEGGY MURRAY, Senior Advisor for International Research, Office of the Director, National Institute for Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

MICHAEL PHILLIPS, Director, Suicide Research and Prevention Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine

COLLEEN SCANLON, Senior Vice President, Advocacy, Catholic Health Initiatives

KRISTIN SCHUBERT, Program Officer, Vulnerable Populations Portfolio, The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

EVELYN TOMASZEWSKI, Senior Policy Advisor, Human Rights and International Affairs, National Association of Social Workers

ELIZABETH WARD, Chairman, Violence Prevention Alliance, University of the West Indies, Mona Campus

Staff

DEEPALI M. PATEL, Program Officer

RACHEL M. TAYLOR, Research Associate

RACHEL E. PITTLUCK, Senior Program Assistant

BRANDON J. STRATFORD, Christine Mirzayan Fellow (January 2011-April 2011)

ELENA NIGHTINGALE, Scholar-in-Residence

KATE BURNS, Intern

JULIE WILTSHIRE, Financial Officer

PATRICK KELLEY, Board Director

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Preventing Violence Against Women and Children: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13139.
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Reviewers

This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report:

 

NAEEMAH ABRAHAMS, Senior Researcher, Gender & Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council of South Africa

MANUEL CONTRERAS, Gender and Public Health Specialist, International Center for Research on Women

LISA NAJAVITS, Professor of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine

AGNES TIWARI, Associate Professor and Assistant Dean, School of Nursing, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine of the University of Hong Kong

 

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the final draft

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Preventing Violence Against Women and Children: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13139.
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of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Richard Krugman, Vice Chancellor for Health Affairs and Dean, University of Colorado at Denver. Appointed by the Institute of Medicine they were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the author and the institution.

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Violence against women and children is a serious public health concern, with costs at multiple levels of society. Although violence is a threat to everyone, women and children are particularly susceptible to victimization because they often have fewer rights or lack appropriate means of protection. In some societies certain types of violence are deemed socially or legally acceptable, thereby contributing further to the risk to women and children. In the past decade research has documented the growing magnitude of such violence, but gaps in the data still remain. Victims of violence of any type fear stigmatization or societal condemnation and thus often hesitate to report crimes. The issue is compounded by the fact that for women and children the perpetrators are often people they know and because some countries lack laws or regulations protecting victims. Some of the data that have been collected suggest that rates of violence against women range from 15 to 71 percent in some countries and that rates of violence against children top 80 percent. These data demonstrate that violence poses a high burden on global health and that violence against women and children is common and universal.

Preventing Violence Against Women and Children focuses on these elements of the cycle as they relate to interrupting this transmission of violence. Intervention strategies include preventing violence before it starts as well as preventing recurrence, preventing adverse effects (such as trauma or the consequences of trauma), and preventing the spread of violence to the next generation or social level. Successful strategies consider the context of the violence, such as family, school, community, national, or regional settings, in order to determine the best programs.

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