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APPENDIX CBiographical Sketches COMMITTEE MEMBERS FRANCIS X. MASSE (Chairman) Director of Radiation Protection Programs, Massachusetts Institute of Technology FRANCIS MASSE has been actively involved in applied health physics since 1956, when he was appointed Radiation Safety Officer at TuPts-New England Medical Center in Boston. He was appointed to the Radiation Safety staff at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1959, where he has remained to date, while retaining his RSO appointment at TNEMC. He has been the Director of the Radiation Protection Programs at MIT for the past decade. Mr. Masse was certified by the American Board of Health Physics for the comprehensive practice of health physics in 1962, and has maintained his recerti- fication schedule as necessary since that time. He has been active in committee activities, has served on the Board of Directors, and is currently the Treasurer of the Health Physics Society. He was awarded Fellow membership in the HPS in 1986. He has also been actively involved in the American Association of Physicists in Medicine since its inception, and has chaired an American National Standards Institute committee for more than a decade. His experience in applied health physics at MIT, TNEMC, and the dozens of consulting appointments he holds has involved in-depth dealings with personnel 209
210 APPENDIX C dosimetry of all types. He has extensive experience with the monitoring of external radiation exposures with film badges and thermoluminescent dosimeters, and is internationally known for his work in whole-body counting for internal dosimetry measurement. WALTER L. BROWN (Vice-Chairman) Head, Radiation Physics Research Department, AT&T Bell Laboratories WALTER BROWN received his education in Physics at Duke and Harvard Universities, receiving his B.S. from Duke in 1945 and his M.A. and Ph.D. from Harvard in 1947 and 1951. He joined Bell Telephone Laboratories in 1950 and undertook research on the physical properties of semiconductor surfaces and the nature of defects produced in semiconductors by high energy radiation. He was in charge of a scientific group that developed semiconductor radiation detectors for the Telstar satellites to monitor energetic particles in the Van Allen belts around the earth and studied the effects of radiation by those panicles on the solar cells and other semiconductor devices on satellites in earth orbit. He has subsequently carried out research on ion implantation and channelling, laser annealing, sputter- ing of solids by both collisional and electronic processes and on ion bombardment induced crystallization and amorphization of solids. Since 1957 he has been head of the Radiation Physics Research Department at AT&T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and a member of the Materials Research Society. In 1984 Walter Brown received the Arthur von Hippel Award from the Materials Research Society. In 1988 he was elected to membership in both the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Sciences. JUDITH AREEN (Member) Professor of Law and Dean, Georgetown University Law Center JUDITH AREEN is Executive Vice President for Law Center Affairs at Geor- getown University and Dean of the Law Center. She is also a Professor of Law and a Senior Research Fellow of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics. Dean Areen's areas of academic expertise include family law, constitutional law, and law, medicine and ethics. She is the author of a widely used law school casebook (Family law, 2nd edition, Foundation Press 1985), and co-author of another (Law, Science and Medicine, Foundation Press 1984~. She was chosen on the basis of her scholarship to be a fellow of the Woodrow Wilson Interna- tional Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C. during 1988-1989.
APPENDIX C 211 A graduate of Cornell University (1966) and the Yale Law School (1969), Dean Areen has worked in the private sector and in government at the local and federal levels. Between 1977 and 1980 she served in the Office of Management and Budget as Project Director, and then, as General Counsel to President Carter's Reorganization Project. She served as Special Counsel to the White House Task Force on Regulatory Reform during the same period. Dean Areen, who is a member of the bar of the District of Columbia, currently serves as Chair of the Section on Law, Medicine and Health Care of the Associa- tion of American Law Schools. She has served as a governor of the District of Columbia Bar, as a consultant to the National Institutes of Health and the National Academy of Sciences, and as a director of the Society of American Law Teachers. In June, 1989, she was selected by the National Law Journal as one of the fifty most outstanding lawyers under fifty in the United States. WILLIAM J. BRADY (Member) Principal Health Physicist, Reynolds Electrical & Engineering Co., Inc. WILLIAM BRADY participated in nuclear weapons testing since January 1952, including initial survey radiation monitoring, monitoring on flights through radio- active debris clouds, and other aspects of red-safe, including training others. Positions during 33 years with the Reynolds Electrical & Engineering Company (REECo) red-safe organization were Monitor, Senior Monitor, Supervisor, Reac- tor Branch Leader (Rover and Pluto Projects), Laboratory Branch Leader, Do- simetry Superintendent, Senior Health Physicist, Technical Advisor, and Princi- pal Health Physicist currently. REECo is the prime contractor for the Department of Energy in Nevada. While training others, he wrote REECo's initial Basic Monitoring Manual (1956) and Emergency Monitoring Manual (1957~. He was an emergency moni- toring team captain and one of four team members who responded to the SL-1 reactor accident in Idaho. As Laboratory Branch Leader, he developed a pluto- nium electrodeposition cell used at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and University of Washington, He Drierite procedure for monitoring tritiated water vapor, and the film dosimeter worn atNTS from 1965 through 1986. He wrote the first Standard Procedures of REECo's Environmental Sciences Department and authored a number of historical volumes on DOD underground testing. He began collecting documents in 1957 and established by 1969 a computerized Master File of personnel dosimetry results dating back to the beginning of nuclear device testing in 1945. Mr. Brady served on the NAS/NRC Committee on Ionizing Radiation Do- simetry which evaluated the U.S. Army thermoluminescent dosimeter. He has a
212 APPENDIX C Bachelor of Science degree in mathematics with emphasis on geology and phys- ics from the University of Nevada at Las Vegas and has been a member of the Health Physics Society for 30 years. He received the Department of Energy's Award of Excellence in 1988 from the Office of Military Application for signifi- cant contribution to the nuclear weapons program. JOHN R. FRAZIER (Member) Deputy Director, Nuclear Sciences, International Technology Corporation JOHN FRAZIER graduated from Berea College in Berea KY, where he majored in physics and received the B.A. degree in 1970. He attended graduate school at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville and was awarded an Atomic Energy Commission Health Physics Fellowship. His Master of Science degree in phys- ics, with emphasis in health physics, was received in 1973 followed by his Ph.D. with the same major in 1978. From 1977 to 1980, Dr. Frazier served as Chief of the Radiation Physics Section of the Bureau of Radiologial Health (BRH), Food and Drug Administra- tion (FDA), where he directed the BRH x-ray calibration and external dosimetry programs. The expertise of John and his group was recognized when he was called upon to provide external dosimetry support for the FDA during the Three Mile Island crisis. In February 1986, John became the Deputy Director of the Nuclear Sciences Group of International Technology Corporation. He coordinates health physics consulting activities, conducts audits and appraisals of nuclear facilities, serves as an expert witness and advisor in radiation litigation cases, and performs a wide range of health physics activities including internal and external dose calcula- tions, environmental dose assessments, designing environmental sampling pro- grams, and instrument calibrations. In 1988 Dr. Frazier received the Elda E. Anderson Award which honors young health physicists who have made outstand- ing contributions to their profession before reaching the age of 40. ETHEL GILBERT (Member) Staff Scientist, Pacific Northwest Laboratory ETHEL GILBERT is a staff scientist in the Life Sciences Department at Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, Washington. She has an A.B. degree in mathe- matics from Oberlin College, and the M.P.H. and Ph.D. degrees in biostatistics from the University of Michigan. Since 1975, Dr. Gilbert has been the principal investigator for a project sponsored by the Deparunent of Energy providing for
APPENDIX C 213 the development of statistical methods for examining the relationship of health effects and low-level chronic exposures, particularly to ionizing radiation. An important component of the project has been relating worker mortality data to occupational radiation exposure as measured by personnel dosimeters. Dr. Gilbert has served as a consultant to the Committee on Interagency Radia- tion Research and Policy Coordination in preparing a report "Use of Probability of Causation by the Veterans Administration in the Adjudication of Claims of Injury due to Exposure to Ionizing Radiation". She was also a member of the working group responsible for revising the health effects model for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Reactor Safety Study, and provided a model for estimat- ing cancer risks resulting from the radiation exposure likely to be received by the general population from a nuclear reactor accident. During a year spent at the Radiation Effects Research Foundation in Hiroshima, Japan, Dr. Gilbert investi- gated questions related to random systematic dose measurements errors and their impact on analyses of data from follow-up studies of Japanese A-bomb survivors. Dr. Gilbert currently serves on the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurement, on the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Epidemiol- ogy and Veterans Follow-up Studies, and is a Fellow of the American Statistical Association. ROBERT O. GORSON (Member) Professor of Radiology, Thomas Jefferson University ROBERT GORSON is a Professor of Radiology (Medical Physics) and a Profes- sor of Radiation Therapy and Nuclear Medicine (Medical Physics) at Thomas Jefferson University where he has taught radiological physics, health physics and radiation biology for 30 years after ten years in the same fields at the University of Pennsylvania where he earned B.S. and M.S. degrees in Physics in 1949 and 1951. He is certified by the American Board of Radiology and the American Board of Health Physics of which he is a past Chairman. He is currently Treasurer and board member of the American Board of Medical Physics and a member of the Board of Chancellors of the American College of Medical Physics. He is also a past president of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine and a Fellow in Physics of the American College of Radiology. Professor Gorson has served on a number of committees of the National Council on Radiation Protection of which he was a member for 23 years and is now an honorary member. He was also a member of the International Commis- sion on Radiation Protection Committee on the Medical Uses of Radiation for eight years. Professor Gorson has served on numerous committees concerned with radiation uses, effects and dosimetry, of the American College of Radiology, Radiological Society of North America, Health Physics Society, American Asso
214 APPENDIX C elation of Physicists in Medicine, National Cancer Institute and a number of governmental agencies. He is author or co-author of 54 papers, chapters and peer reviewed reports on various subjects in medical physics including a study done in 1964 on the reliability of film badge dosimetry. He also chaired an ad hoc Committee on the hazards of spray asbestos in building construction in Philadel- phia which in 1971 resulted in Philadelphia becoming the first city in the United States to forbid the use of spray asbestos fireproofing in new construction. N. ANTHONY GREENHOUSE (Member) Manager, Personal Dosimetry Office, LBL N. ANTHONY GREENHOUSE is currently the manager of the Personal Do- simetry Office at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, where he provides dosimetry services for employees and guests, and conducts research into novel techniques for measurement of accelerator radiation doses. He has had twenty-two years of comprehensive work experience in health physics at Lawrence Livermore, Brookhaven and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratories. Mr. Greenhouse has a B.S. degree in Biophysics from Catholic University of America, a M.S. degree in Health Physics from the University of Rochester, a M.P.H. degree in Industrial Hygiene from the University of California (Berkeley), and is a Ph.D. Candidate in Public Health at the University of California (Berkeley). Awards and Distinctions include an AEC Fellowship in health Physics, 1965; Diplomate of the American Board of Health Physics, 1971; Member of American Board of Health Physics, 1978 to 1982, and Chairman of ABHP in 1981 to 1982; Member, Board of Directors, Health Physics Society, 1986 to 1989; First recipi- ent of the Burton J. Moyer Fellowship in Radiation Protection, 1986 to 1987. RONALD L. KATHREN (Member) Director of Health Physics, Hanford Environmental Foundation RONALD KATHREN is Director of Health Physics at the Hanford Environ- mental Foundation and Affiliate Associate Professor of Radiological Sciences at the University of Washington. He holds degrees from U.C.L.A. and the Univer- sity of Pittsburgh in health physics, and is a Diplomate of the American Board of Health Physics and the American Academy of Environmental Engineers. He is a member of several scientific societies and is currently President of the Health Physics Society. His honors include the Elda E. Anderson (1977) and Founders (1985) Awards of that organization, the Anhus F. Humm, Jr. Award of the National Registry of Radiation Protection Technologists, and electrion to Delta Omega, the public health honorary.
APPENDIX C 215 His scientific work has been largely in the area of applied health physics, with emphasis on radiation dosimetry and instrumentation, environmental radioactiv- ity, and the history of radiation protection. During the 1960's and 1970's, Professor Kathren performed research on photographic film dosimetry while at the University of Pittsburgh, Lawrence Radiation Laboratory and Battelle~North- west Laboratories, and is the author of a number of scientific papers in that area. His current research is concerned with biokinetic modelling and dosimetry of the actinides in support of the United States Transuranium and Uranium Registries. He is the author of several scientific books including Radioactivity in the Environ- ment and Radiation Protection and serves as a consultant to the U.S. Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards and Advisory Committee on Nuclear Waste. NORMAN C. RASMUSSEN (Member) McAfee Professor of Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology NORMAN RASMUSSEN received the B.A. degree from Gettysburg College in 1950 and a Ph.D. in Physics from MIT in 1956. He has been on the faculty of the MIT Department of Nuclear Engineering since 1956. From 1975-81 he was Head of the Department. Professor Rasmussen's early research work was in the field of gamma ray spectroscopy and he did considerable work on the spectroscopy of neutron cam lure gamma rays. Recently, his research has been in the field of nuclear reactor safety. From 1972 to 1975 he directed the Reactor Safety Study (WASH-1400) for the AEC (later the NRC). He continues to work on improvements of the probabalistic risk assessment methods developed in the WASH 1400 study. He has authored or co-authored more than 100 technical articles. Professor Rasmussen has served on numerous committees, boards, and panels, including the Defense Science Board, the National Science Board, and the Na- tional Council of Radiation Protection and Measurement. He has been a consult- ant to both government and industry. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. CRAIG R. YODER (Member) Technology Manager, R. S. Landauer, Jr. and Company Since 1983, Dr. Yoder has been the Technology Manager for Tech/Ops Lan- dauer, Inc., a company that has been providing commercial radiation film badge services since 1954. In this capacity, he has specialized in the research and development of radiation monitoring methods based on film, thermoluminescent dosimeters and solid state nuclear track detectors. In addition, he is responsible
216 APPENDIX C for the performance evaluation of film badges and their accreditation by national and international authorities. He has recently become involved in the develop- ment of passive radon monitors as well as special dosimeter applications for use in quality assurance of diagnostic radiology procedures. Prior to this role, Dr. Yoder was a Senior Research Scientist at Battelle, Pacific Northwest Laboratory where he conducted research in the areas of radiological calibrations and dosime- ter performance. Dr. Yoder developed a unique instrument for measuring the relationships between exposure and the dose delivered at different depths in tissue. Dr. Yoder received a B.S. degree from Davidson College. He later was awarded M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Bionucleonics from Purdue University. He is certified in Comprehensive Health Physics by the American Board of Health Physics and is a member of the Health Physics Society and the American Associa- tion of Physicists in Medicine. Dr. Yoder has served on various national and international committees developing radiation monitoring standards. Study Director GEORGE LALOS Consultant, Energy Engineering Board, National Academy of Sciences . . GEORGE LALOS is a Consultant to the Energy Engineering Board, National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences. He has a B.Ae.E. degree in Aeronautical Engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and a M.S. degree in Physics from The Catholic University of America. Mr. Lalos has played a major role in the fields of High Pressure Physics, High Energy Lasers, and Remotely Piloted Underwater Vehicles during his career with the Department of the Navy. Recent activities include work in advanced weapons concepts and in various areas of radiation protection.