National Academies Press: OpenBook

Synthesis of Information Related to Airport Practices: 2011 (2011)

Chapter: Research Results Digest 12

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Suggested Citation:"Research Results Digest 12." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. Synthesis of Information Related to Airport Practices: 2011. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14479.
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Suggested Citation:"Research Results Digest 12." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. Synthesis of Information Related to Airport Practices: 2011. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14479.
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Suggested Citation:"Research Results Digest 12." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. Synthesis of Information Related to Airport Practices: 2011. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14479.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Research Results Digest 12." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. Synthesis of Information Related to Airport Practices: 2011. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14479.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Research Results Digest 12." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. Synthesis of Information Related to Airport Practices: 2011. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14479.
×
Page 5
Page 6
Suggested Citation:"Research Results Digest 12." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. Synthesis of Information Related to Airport Practices: 2011. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14479.
×
Page 6
Page 7
Suggested Citation:"Research Results Digest 12." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. Synthesis of Information Related to Airport Practices: 2011. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14479.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Research Results Digest 12." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2011. Synthesis of Information Related to Airport Practices: 2011. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14479.
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Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

INTRODUCTION Airport administrators, engineers, and researchers often face problems for which information already exists, either in docu- mented form or as undocumented experi- ence and practice. This information may be fragmented, scattered, and unevaluated. As a consequence, full knowledge of what has been learned about a problem may not be brought to bear on its solution. Costly research findings may go unused, valuable experience may be overlooked, and due consideration may not be given to recom- mended practices for solving or alleviating the problem. There is information on nearly every subject of concern to the airport industry. Much of it derives from research or from the work of practitioners faced with problems in their day-to-day work. To provide a sys- tematic means for assembling and evaluat- ing such useful information and making it available to the entire airport community, the Airport Cooperative Research Program authorized the Transportation Research Board to undertake a continuing study. This study, ACRP Project 11-03, “Synthesis of Information Related to Airport Practices,” searches out and synthesizes useful knowl- edge from all available sources and prepares SYNTHESIS OF INFORMATION RELATED TO AIRPORT PRACTICES This is a staff digest of the progress and status of ACRP Project 11-03, “Synthesis of Information Related to Airport Practices,” for which the Transportation Research Board is the agency conducting the research. Individual studies for the project are managed by Gail R. Staba, Senior Program Officer, and Jon M. Williams, Program Director, Synthesis Studies, serving under the Studies and Special Programs Division of the Transportation Research Board, Stephen R. Godwin, Director. Research Results Digest 12 January 2011 Responsible Senior Program Officer: Michael R. Salamone AIRPORT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM Sponsored by the Federal Aviation Administration Suggestions for synthesis topics may be sent to the ACRP Manager at any time by contacting the Cooperative Research Programs Staff, Transporta- tion Research Board, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, D.C., 20001. You can also submit your recommendation at: http://www.trb.org/ACRP/Public/ ACRP.aspx “Submit an ACRP Topic.” Topics suggested must be accompanied by a brief (one or two paragraphs) scope statement, including a discussion of the problem. A title (preferably 10 words or less) and the name and affiliation of the submitter are also necessary. Sug- gestions for updates of published syn- theses are also welcome. The ACRP Project Panel meets once each year to make the final selections. To be considered at the next annual meeting, all submissions should be received by October 2011. If a topic is not selected, the problem statement must be re- submitted the following year to be reconsidered. Interested in writing a synthesis? For details, see the Synthesis homepage (address above) under “New Topics.”

Table 2 ACRP SYNTHESIS STUDIES— 2011 Projects No. Title S11-02-06 Airport Climate Change Adaptation and Preparedness S11-04-07 Lessons Learned from Airport Safety Management Systems Pilot Study S11-04-08 Managing Aerial Firefighting Activities on Airports S11-06-03 Managing Commuting Needs of Airport Employees S11-09-03 Locating Underground Utilities at Airports and Geographic Information Systems S11-09-04 Issues with Use of Airfield LED Light Fixtures S11-10-07 Matrix of Aircraft Recovery Equipment for Various Aircraft concise, documented reports on specific topics. Re- ports from this endeavor constitute an ACRP report series, Synthesis of Airport Practice. THE SYNTHESIS PROGRAM This synthesis series reports on current knowl- edge and practice, in a compact format, without the detailed directions usually found in handbooks or design manuals. Each report in the series provides a compendium of the best knowledge available on those measures found to be most successful in resolving specific problems. To develop these syntheses in a comprehensive manner and to ensure inclusion of significant knowl- edge, TRB employs a consultant to gather and analyze available information from numerous sources, includ- ing airport operations agencies. A panel of experts in the subject area is established to guide the consultant in organizing and evaluating the data collected on each topic and to review the synthesis report. For each topic the project objectives are (1) to lo- cate and assemble documented information; (2) to learn what practice has been used for solving or alle- viating the problems; (3) to identify all ongoing re- search; (4) to learn what problems remain largely un- solved; (5) to organize, evaluate, and document the useful information that is acquired; and (6) to dis- seminate the synthesis information to all who might benefit from it. Each synthesis is an immediately useful docu- ment that records practices that were acceptable within the limitations of the knowledge available at the time of its preparation. New knowledge can be expected to be added to that which is now at hand and eventu- ally the synthesis may need to be updated or redone. The readers and users of the syntheses are in the best position to know when this has occurred. Whenever you believe that a synthesis should be updated, it would be appreciated if you would contact TRB and propose a synthesis update by contacting the ACRP Manager, Transportation Research Board, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Washington D.C. 20001. Studies in Progress and Planned for 2011 Work is currently under way on the topics listed in Table 1. Topics selected for the 2011 program are listed in Table 2. Questions on these topics should be addressed to the project study manager, Gail R. Staba, by e-mail at gstaba@nas.edu, or by phone at 202-334-2442, or the Synthesis Study Manager, Jon M. Williams, by e-mail at jwilliams@nas.edu, or by phone at 202-334-3245. Available Publications The syntheses of airport practice that have been completed under this project are listed in Table 3. 2 Table 1 ACRP SYNTHESIS STUDIES—In Progress as of December 2010 No. Title S01-03 Airport Insurance Coverage and Risk Management Practices S01-04 Airline and Airport–Airline Consortiums to Manage Terminals and Equipment S02-05 Strategies and Financing Opportunities for Airport Environmental Programs S03-06 Strategies for Re-use of Underutilized or Vacant Airport Facilities S04-05 Bird Harassment, Repellant, or Deterrent Techniques on Airports S04-06 Current Airport Inspection Practices Regarding FOD/Wildlife Hazards S06-02 Airport Self-Inspection Procedures and Training Practices S09-02 Common Airport Pavement Maintenance Practices S10-05 Ramp Safety Practices S10-06 Investigating Safety Impacts of Energy Technologies on Airports and Aviation

3Table 3 PUBLISHED ACRP SYNTHESES No. Title/Pages 1 Innovative Finance and Alternative Sources of Revenue for Airports (2007) 43 pp., $34 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_001.pdf 2 Airport Aviation Activity Forecasting (2007) 32 pp., $34 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_002.pdf 3 General Aviation Safety and Security Practices (2007) 44 pp., $44 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_003.pdf 4 Counting Aircraft Operations at Small and Non-towered Airports (2007) 33 pp., $44 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_004.pdf 5 Airport Ground Access Mode Choice Models (2008) 104 pp., $39 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_005.pdf 6 Impact of Airport Pavement Deicing Products on Aircraft and Airfield Infrastructure (2008) 58 pp., $42 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_006.pdf 7 Airport Economic Impact Methods and Models (2008) 67 pp., $45 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_007.pdf 8 Common Use Facilities and Equipment at Airports (2008) 121 pp., $52 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_008.pdf 9 Effects of Aircraft Noise: Research Update on Select Topics (2008) 90 pp., $50 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_009.pdf 10 Airport Sustainability Practices (2008) 112 pp., $52 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_010.pdf 11 Impact of Airport Rubber Removal Techniques on Runways (2008) 108 pp., $52 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_011.pdf 12 Preventing Aircraft–Vehicle Incidents During Winter Operations and Periods of Low Visibility (2008) 70 pp., $45 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_012.pdf 13 Effective Practices for Preparing Airport Improvement Program Benefit-Cost Analysis (2009) 65 pp., $43 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_013.pdf 14 Airport System Planning Practices (2009) 71 pp., $41 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_014.pdf 15 Identification of the Requirements and Training to Obtain Driving Privileges on Airfields (2009) 43 pp., $48 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_015.pdf 16 Compilation of Noise Programs in Areas Outside DNL 65 (2009) 104 pp., $51 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_016.pdf 17 Approaches to Integrating Airport Development and Federal Environmental Review Processes (2009) 34 pp., $38 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_017.pdf 18 Aviation Workforce Development Practices (2010) 36 pp., $39 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_018.pdf 19 Airport Revenue Diversification (2010) 55 pp., $41 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_019.pdf 20 Airport Terminal Facility Activation Techniques (2010) 127 pp., $58 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_020.pdf 21 Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction (2010) 73 pp., $47 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/acrp/acrp_syn_021.pdf Copies of these syntheses can be obtained from the Publications Office, Transportation Research Board, 500 Fifth Street, N.W., Washington, D.C., 20001; by calling 202/334-3213; and through the Internet at: http://www.trb.org/bookstore. Please send check orders to: TRB, Dept. 289, Washington, D.C., 20055 or fax to: 202/334-2519. All ACRP re- ports are available as online publications (http://www. trb.org/Publications/Public/PubsACRPSynthesis Reports.aspx) and may be downloaded free of charge. Selection of Topics ACRP Project Panel 11-03 meets each year to select topics for study using funds from the upcoming

fiscal year. The membership of this committee is given in Table 4. Current funding allows for initia- tion of about five syntheses per year. These, plus some alternate topics, are selected by the committee at its annual project meeting. The following factors are considered in the selec- tion process for synthesis topics: • The topic should address a problem that is wide- spread enough to generate broad interest in the synthesis. • The topic should be timely and critical with respect to safety, economic, or social impact. • The topic is appropriate if current practice is nonuniform or inconsistent from agency to agency, or if the validity of some practices appears to be questionable. • The quality and quantity of useful available information should indicate a need to organize and compress that which has already been learned and written on the topic. • The topic should not be one where ongoing research or other activities in progress might be expected to render the synthesis obsolete shortly after completion. Each year more topics are suggested for the com- mittee’s consideration than can be programmed for study in Project 11-03. Nevertheless, the continued success of this project depends on a constant supply of worthy synthesis topics. The interest of those who have recommended topics is sincerely appreciated, and they are urged to continue. Candidate topics are suggested by members of the panel and by a vari- ety of other sources, including airport, airline, and state aviation personnel; FAA and TRB commit- tees; aviation organizations; and other practitioners and researchers. Conduct of the Studies Following the project panel’s selection of topics, studies are initiated in the order of priority assigned by the panel. A topic panel consisting of practition- ers and researchers is formed for each topic. At its first meeting, this topic panel thoroughly discusses the topic, refines the scope, suggests sources of in- formation, and identifies and selects potential topic consultants based on expressions of interest received in response to an industry-wide solicitation. Following this meeting, a consultant is hired to gather information on the topic, synthesize it, and draft a report. Typically, the agreement covers a pe- riod of six to seven months. Information gathering and preparation of the first draft of the synthesis re- port takes about four months. This draft is reviewed by the topic panel with the consultant, often at the sec- ond panel meeting. A revised draft is then prepared by the consultant. Subsequent drafts and meetings are scheduled, if needed, although this rarely occurs. After the staff is substantially satisfied with the re- port, a final draft is sent to members of the topic panel for their last chance to review the report and then ACRP Project Committee 11-03 for final approval. The report is subsequently published as an ACRP Synthesis of Airport Practice. Index of Topic Studies Table 5 is a key word index of published syn- theses. 4 Table 4 ACRP PROJECT PANEL 11-03 Name Affiliation Chair Julie Kenfield Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Member Randall P. Burdette Virginia Department of Aviation Member Kevin C. Dolliole Unison Consulting, Inc. Member Linda Howard Bastrop, Texas Member Arlyn Purcell Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Member Burr Stewart Seattle, Washington Liaison Paul Devoti Federal Aviation Administration Liaison John L. Collins Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association Liaison A.J. Muldoon ACI–North America TRB Liaison Christine Gerencher Transportation Research Board ACRP Synthesis Staff Gail R. Staba Transportation Research Board ACRP Staff Michael R. Salamone Transportation Research Board

5Table 5 INDEX TO SYNTHESES AND STUDIES (2010) Access control 3 Aeronautical revenue 1, 19 Aircraft noise 9, 16 Airfield driving 12, 15 Airport access/egress 5, 15 Airport construction 20, 21 Airport design 20, 21 Airport development environmental review 7, 8, 10, 13, 16, 17, 21 Airport environment 10, 17, 21 Airport human resources 12, 15, 18, 20 Airport Improvement Program (AIP) 2, 13, 14 Airport maintenance 11, 21 Airport operations 3, 4, 8, 11, 12, 13, 15, 20, 21 Airport planning 14 Airport system planning 14 Airport terminal facility activation 20 Aviation activity forecasting 2, 4, 5 Aviation noise abatement 16 Aviation operations 12 Baggage 8 Benefit-cost 13 Capital financing 1, 21 Commercial development 1, 21 Common Use 8, 19 Common Use Passenger Processing Systems (CUPPS) 8, 19 Common Use Self-Service (CUSS) 8, 19 Community Noise Equivalent Level (CNEL) 9, 16 Corrosion damage 6 Cost recovery 4, 19, 21 Counting Aircraft 4 Day-Night Average Sound Level (DNL) 9, 16 Economic development 7, 10, 13, 19 Economic impact 7 Energy audit 10, 19, 21 Energy management system 10, 19, 21 Environmental assessment 13, 17 Environmental practices 10, 11, 21 Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) 17 Facility activation 20 Federal Interagency Committee on Noise (FICON) 9, 16 General aviation 1, 3, 4, 17, 19, 20, 21 Infrastructure 6 Innovative finance 1 Low visibility 12 Management systems 8, 21 Master plans 17 Mode choice/mode of transportation 5 Modeling 5, 7 National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) 9, 17 National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems (NPIAS) 2, 7, 13, 14 Noise 9, 16 Non-aeronautical revenue 1, 19 Passenger facility charge 1, 20 Passenger services 8, 19 Pavement 6 Pavement deicing 6 Privatization 1 Revenue 1, 13, 19 Rubber removal 11 Runway safety 3, 11, 12, 15 Safety 3, 11, 12, 15 Schultz Curve 9 Security 3 Signage 8 Skid resistance 11 Sound Exposure Level (SEL) 9, 16 Sustainability 10, 14 Terminal area forecast 2 Training 3, 12, 15, 18, 20 Travel forecasting 2, 5, 13, 14 Vehicle-aircraft incidents 12 Voice over IP (VoIP) 8, 20 Waterblasting 11 Winter operations 6, 12 Workforce development 3, 12, 15, 18, 20

Transportation Research Board 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 These digests are issued in order to increase awareness of research results emanating from projects in the Cooperative Research Programs (CRP). Persons wanting to pursue the project subject matter in greater depth should contact the CRP Staff, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20001. COPYRIGHT INFORMATION Authors herein are responsible for the authenticity of their materials and for obtaining written permissions from publishers or persons who own the copyright to any previously published or copyrighted material used herein. Cooperative Research Programs (CRP) grants permission to reproduce material in this publication for classroom and not-for-profit purposes. Permission is given with the understanding that none of the material will be used to imply TRB, AASHTO, FAA, FHWA, FMCSA, FTA, or Transit Development Corporation endorsement of a particular product, method, or practice. It is expected that those reproducing the material in this document for educational and not-for-profit uses will give appropriate acknowledgment of the source of any reprinted or reproduced material. For other uses of the material, request permission from CRP. Subscriber Categories: Aviation • Energy • Environment • Education and Training • Finance Maintenance and Preservation • Safety and Human Factors • Terminals and Facilities ISBN 978-0-309-14325-7 9 780309 143257 9 0 0 0 0

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TRB’s Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Research Results Digest 12: Synthesis of Information Related to Airport Practices is a digest of the progress and status of ACRP Project 11-03, Synthesis of Information Related to Airport Practices.

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