National Academies Press: OpenBook
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Enhancing Airport Land Use Compatibility, Volume 2: Land Use Survey and Case Study Summaries. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/17633.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Enhancing Airport Land Use Compatibility, Volume 2: Land Use Survey and Case Study Summaries. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/17633.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Enhancing Airport Land Use Compatibility, Volume 2: Land Use Survey and Case Study Summaries. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/17633.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Enhancing Airport Land Use Compatibility, Volume 2: Land Use Survey and Case Study Summaries. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/17633.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Enhancing Airport Land Use Compatibility, Volume 2: Land Use Survey and Case Study Summaries. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/17633.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Enhancing Airport Land Use Compatibility, Volume 2: Land Use Survey and Case Study Summaries. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/17633.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Enhancing Airport Land Use Compatibility, Volume 2: Land Use Survey and Case Study Summaries. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/17633.
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A I R P O R T C O O P E R A T I V E R E S E A R C H P R O G R A M Research sponsored by the Federal Aviation Administration Subscriber Categories Aviation and Law TRANSPORTAT ION RESEARCH BOARD WASHINGTON, D.C. 2010 www.TRB.org ACRP REPORT 27 Enhancing Airport Land Use Compatibility Volume 2: Land Use Survey and Case Study Summaries Stephanie A.D. Ward Regan A. Massey Adam E. Feldpausch Zachary Puchacz MEAD & HUNT, INC. Lansing, MI Christopher J. Duerksen Erica Heller CLARION ASSOCIATES, INC. Denver, CO Nicholas P. Miller HARRIS MILLER MILLER & HANSON, INC. Burlington, MA Robin C. Gardner HARRIS MILLER MILLER & HANSON, INC. Sacramento, CA Geoffrey D. Gosling AVIATION SYSTEM CONSULTING, LLC Berkeley, CA Sharon Sarmiento UNISON CONSULTING, INC. Laguna Hills, CA Richard W. Lee Berkeley, CA

AIRPORT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM Airports are vital national resources. They serve a key role in trans- portation of people and goods and in regional, national, and inter- national commerce. They are where the nation’s aviation system connects with other modes of transportation and where federal respon- sibility for managing and regulating air traffic operations intersects with the role of state and local governments that own and operate most airports. Research is necessary to solve common operating problems, to adapt appropriate new technologies from other industries, and to introduce innovations into the airport industry. The Airport Coopera- tive Research Program (ACRP) serves as one of the principal means by which the airport industry can develop innovative near-term solutions to meet demands placed on it. The need for ACRP was identified in TRB Special Report 272: Airport Research Needs: Cooperative Solutions in 2003, based on a study spon- sored by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The ACRP carries out applied research on problems that are shared by airport operating agencies and are not being adequately addressed by existing federal research programs. It is modeled after the successful National Coopera- tive Highway Research Program and Transit Cooperative Research Pro- gram. The ACRP undertakes research and other technical activities in a variety of airport subject areas, including design, construction, mainte- nance, operations, safety, security, policy, planning, human resources, and administration. The ACRP provides a forum where airport opera- tors can cooperatively address common operational problems. The ACRP was authorized in December 2003 as part of the Vision 100-Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act. The primary partici- pants in the ACRP are (1) an independent governing board, the ACRP Oversight Committee (AOC), appointed by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Transportation with representation from airport oper- ating agencies, other stakeholders, and relevant industry organizations such as the Airports Council International-North America (ACI-NA), the American Association of Airport Executives (AAAE), the National Association of State Aviation Officials (NASAO), and the Air Transport Association (ATA) as vital links to the airport community; (2) the TRB as program manager and secretariat for the governing board; and (3) the FAA as program sponsor. In October 2005, the FAA executed a contract with the National Academies formally initiating the program. The ACRP benefits from the cooperation and participation of airport professionals, air carriers, shippers, state and local government officials, equipment and service suppliers, other airport users, and research orga- nizations. Each of these participants has different interests and respon- sibilities, and each is an integral part of this cooperative research effort. Research problem statements for the ACRP are solicited periodically but may be submitted to the TRB by anyone at any time. It is the responsibility of the AOC to formulate the research program by iden- tifying the highest priority projects and defining funding levels and expected products. Once selected, each ACRP project is assigned to an expert panel, appointed by the TRB. Panels include experienced practitioners and research specialists; heavy emphasis is placed on including airport pro- fessionals, the intended users of the research products. The panels pre- pare project statements (requests for proposals), select contractors, and provide technical guidance and counsel throughout the life of the project. The process for developing research problem statements and selecting research agencies has been used by TRB in managing cooper- ative research programs since 1962. As in other TRB activities, ACRP project panels serve voluntarily without compensation. Primary emphasis is placed on disseminating ACRP results to the intended end-users of the research: airport operating agencies, service providers, and suppliers. The ACRP produces a series of research reports for use by airport operators, local agencies, the FAA, and other interested parties, and industry associations may arrange for work- shops, training aids, field visits, and other activities to ensure that results are implemented by airport-industry practitioners. ACRP REPORT 27 Project 03-03 ISSN 1935-9802 ISBN 978-0-309-11824-8 Library of Congress Control Number 2010922167 © 2010 National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. COPYRIGHT INFORMATION Authors herein are responsible for the authenticity of their materials and for obtaining written permissions from publishers or persons who own the copyright to any previously published or copyrighted material used herein. Cooperative Research Programs (CRP) grants permission to reproduce material in this publication for classroom and not-for-profit purposes. Permission is given with the understanding that none of the material will be used to imply TRB or FAA endorsement of a particular product, method, or practice. It is expected that those reproducing the material in this document for educational and not-for-profit uses will give appropriate acknowledgment of the source of any reprinted or reproduced material. For other uses of the material, request permission from CRP. NOTICE The project that is the subject of this report was a part of the Airport Cooperative Research Program conducted by the Transportation Research Board with the approval of the Governing Board of the National Research Council. Such approval reflects the Governing Board’s judgment that the project concerned is appropriate with respect to both the purposes and resources of the National Research Council. The members of the technical advisory panel selected to monitor this project and to review this report were chosen for recognized scholarly competence and with due consideration for the balance of disciplines appropriate to the project. The opinions and conclusions expressed or implied are those of the research agency that performed the research, and while they have been accepted as appropriate by the technical panel, they are not necessarily those of the Transportation Research Board, the National Research Council, or the Federal Aviation Administration of the U.S. Department of Transportation. Each report is reviewed and accepted for publication by the technical panel according to procedures established and monitored by the Transportation Research Board Executive Committee and the Governing Board of the National Research Council. The Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, the National Research Council, and the Federal Aviation Administration (sponsor of the Airport Cooperative Research Program) do not endorse products or manufacturers. Trade or manufacturers’ names appear herein solely because they are considered essential to the clarity and completeness of the project reporting. Published reports of the AIRPORT COOPERATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM are available from: Transportation Research Board Business Office 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 and can be ordered through the Internet at http://www.national-academies.org/trb/bookstore Printed in the United States of America

CRP STAFF FOR ACRP REPORT 27 Christopher W. Jenks, Director, Cooperative Research Programs Crawford F. Jencks, Deputy Director, Cooperative Research Programs Michael R. Salamone, ACRP Manager Joseph J. Brown-Snell, Program Associate Eileen P. Delaney, Director of Publications Margaret B. Hagood, Editor ACRP PROJECT 03-03 PANEL Field of Policy and Planning Frederick R. Busch, Denver International Airport, Denver, CO (Chair) Mark R. Johnson, Ricondo & Associates, Overland Park, KS Sandra J. Lancaster, Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, DFW Airport, TX Steven F. Pflaum, McDermott Will & Emery, Chicago, IL Raymond J. Rought, Minnesota DOT, St. Paul, MN Amiy Varma, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND Patricia A. Friesenhahn, FAA Liaison Ashraf Jan, FAA Liaison Richard Marchi, Airports Council International–North America Liaison Stacy Swigart, Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association Liaison (formerly) Kimberly Fisher, TRB Liaison C O O P E R A T I V E R E S E A R C H P R O G R A M S

ACRP Report 27: Enhancing Airport Land Use Compatibility presents a comprehensive account of issues associated with land uses around airports. The report is a comprehensive resource to both airports and local jurisdictions near airports. Volume 1 provides guidance to help protect airports from incompatible land uses that impair current and future airport and aircraft operations and safety. Volume 2 details 15 case studies that targeted a wide range of airports and land use issues. The case study sites include large commercial service, military, and general aviation airports and were geographically diverse. Volume 2 also offers states and local governments examples and a common basis for establishing zoning that protects the public interest and investment in airports. Volume 3 includes aircraft accident data, a framework for an economic assessment of airport costs, and an annotated bibliog- raphy. Volumes 1 and 2 are printed volumes. Volume 3 is located at www.trb.org. Under ACRP Project 03-03, Mead & Hunt was asked to investigate and present the cur- rent breadth and depth of knowledge surrounding land uses around airports and to develop guidance to protect airports from incompatible land uses that impair current and future air- port and aircraft operations and safety and constrain airport development. The research focused on providing a summary of current information on the topic of compatible land use near airports. Key tasks in this research included collecting published material related to land uses that are incompatible with federal and/or state land use safety standards for air- ports; collecting and evaluating state compatible land use legislation, rules and directives to identify commonality; collecting data on aircraft accident locations in the vicinity of air- ports to establish potential high risk areas; identifying airports where major expansion proj- ects have been delayed or abandoned due to opposition from surrounding communities that arose from a failure to have taken appropriate measures to ensure compatible land uses around those airports; and developing land use compatibility zoning examples incorporat- ing land use and third party risk that state and local governments can use as a basis for their ordinances. F O R E W O R D By Michael R. Salamone Staff Officer Transportation Research Board

C O N T E N T S V O L U M E 2 Land Use Survey and Case Study Summaries 2.3 Chapter 1 Introduction and Survey Summary 2.27 Chapter 2 Buckley Air Force Base, Aurora, Colorado 2.41 Chapter 3 Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport, Baltimore, Maryland 2.51 Chapter 4 Centennial Airport, Englewood, Colorado 2.65 Chapter 5 Collin County Regional Airport, McKinney, Texas 2.83 Chapter 6 Denver International Airport, Denver, Colorado 2.99 Chapter 7 Fort Bragg Army Base/Pope Air Force Base, Fayetteville, North Carolina 2.111 Chapter 8 Fort Lauderdale Executive Airport, Fort Lauderdale, Florida 2.123 Chapter 9 Independence State Airport, Independence, Oregon 2.143 Chapter 10 Indianapolis International Airport, Indianapolis, Indiana 2.151 Chapter 11 Naples Municipal Airport, Naples, Florida 2.161 Chapter 12 Naval Air Station (NAS Pensacola), Pensacola, Florida 2.179 Chapter 13 O’Hare International Airport, Chicago, Illinois 2.257 Chapter 14 Randall Airport, Wallkill, New York 2.265 Chapter 15 Sacramento County Airport System, Sacramento, California 2.281 Chapter 16 Willmar Municipal Airport, Willmar, Minnesota 2.289 Bibliography

This document, produced in fulfillment of ACRP Project 03-03: Enhancing Airport Land Use Compatibility, consists of • Volume 1: Land Use Fundamentals and Implementation Resources provides information that helps frame the discussion of land use compatibility; provides the background of why land use compatibility near airports is important; and focuses on the various regulations, tools, and techniques that can be utilized to address land use compatibility issues. • Volume 2: Land Use Survey and Case Study Summaries contains summaries of both the case study survey that was an integral part of the data collection effort, as well as the indi- vidual case study summary reports for the 15 case study sites. • Volume 3: Additional Resources contains some of the resource documents developed to support the information discussed in the first volume. It provides additional detail for those readers who may want to delve deeper into the specific topics of aircraft accident data and third-party risk, as well as the economic methodology for assessing the costs associated with incompatible land uses. An annotated bibliography also is provided which contains approximately 300 entries related to airport land use compatibility Volumes 1 and 2 are printed volumes. Volume 3 is located at www.TRB.org. P R E F A C E

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TRB’s Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Report 27: Enhancing Airport Land Use Compatibility, Volume 2: Land Use Survey and Case Study Summaries is part of a three-volume report that explores issues related to land use around airports. Volume 2 includes 15 case studies that targeted a wide range of airports and land use issues. The case study sites include large commercial service, military, and general aviation airports and are geographically diverse. Volume 2 also provides states and local governments with examples and a common basis for establishing zoning that protects the public interest and investment in airports.

Volume 1: Land Use Fundamentals and Implementation Resources provides guidance designed to help protect airports from incompatible land uses that impair current and future airport and aircraft operations and safety. Volume 3 includes aircraft accident data, a framework for an economic assessment of airport costs, and an annotated bibliography.

Volume 3: Additional Resources is made up of three individual components that collectively contain some of the resource documents developed to support the information explored in Volume 1. Volume 3 includes additional detail on specific topics of aircraft accident data and third party risk, and on the economic methodology for assessing the costs associated with incompatible land uses. Volume 3 also includes an annotated bibliography that contains approximately 300 entries related to airport land use compatibility.

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