National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1991. Toward Sustainability: Soil and Water Research Priorities for Developing Countries. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1877.
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TOWARD SUSTAINABILITY

Soil and Water Research Priorities for Developing Countries

Committee on International Soil and Water Research and Development

Water Science and Technology Board

Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems

Board on Science and Technology for International Development

Office of International Affairs

National Research Council

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, D.C.
1991

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1991. Toward Sustainability: Soil and Water Research Priorities for Developing Countries. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1877.
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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competencies and with regard for appropriate balance.

This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Frank Press is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognized the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Robert M. White is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Stuart Bondurant is acting president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Frank Press and Dr. Robert M. White are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.

Support of this project was provided by the Agency for International Development No. DPE-5545-A-00-8068-00. The U.S. Agency for International Development reserves a royalty-free and nonexclusive and irrevocable right to reproduce, publish, or otherwise use and to authorize others to use the work for government purposes.

Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 91-67071

ISBN 0-309-04641-6

A limited number of copies are available from:

The Water Science and Technology Board

National Research Council

2101 Constitution Avenue, NW

Washington, D.C. 20418

Board on Science and Technology for International Development

National Research Council

2101 Constitution Avenue, NW

Washington, D.C. 20418

Additional copies are available for sale from:
National Academy Press
2101 Constitution Avenue, NW Washington, D.C. 20418

S–483

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1991. Toward Sustainability: Soil and Water Research Priorities for Developing Countries. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1877.
×

COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL SOIL AND WATER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

LEONARD BERRY, Chair,

Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton

SUSANNA B. HECHT,

University of California, Los Angeles

CHARLES W. HOWE,

University of Colorado, Boulder

JACK KELLER,

Utah State University, Logan

CHARLES McCANTS,

North Carolina State University, Raleigh

HUGH POPENOE,

University of Florida, Gainesville

PAUL TENG,

International Rice Research Institute, Manila, Philippines (through September 1990)

GORO UEHARA,

University of Hawaii, Honolulu

Staff

CHRIS ELFRING, Project Director

PATRICIA CICERO, Project Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1991. Toward Sustainability: Soil and Water Research Priorities for Developing Countries. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1877.
×

WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY BOARD

DANIEL A. OKUN, Chair,

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

MICHAEL KAVANAUGH, Chair,

James M. Montgomery Consulting Engineers, Walnut Creek, California (through June 1991)

A. DAN TARLOCK, Vice Chair,

Chicago Kent College of Law, Chicago, Illinois

NORMAN H. BROOKS,

California Institute of Technology, Pasadena

RICHARD A CONWAY,

Union Carbide Corporation, South Charleston, West Virginia

KENNETH D. FREDERICK,

Resources for the Future, Washington, D.C.

DAVID L. FREYBERG,

Stanford University, California

WILFORD R. GARDNER,

University of California, Berkeley

DUANE L. GEORGESON,

Metropolitan Water District, Los Angeles, California

HOWARD C. KUNREUTHER,

University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (through June 1991)

ROBERT R. MEGLEN,

University of Colorado, Denver (through June 1991)

JUDY L. MEYER,

University of Georgia, Athens

DONALD J. O'CONNOR,

HydroQual, Inc., Glen Rock, New Jersey

BETTY H. OLSON,

University of California, Irvine (through June 1991)

STAVROS PAPADOPULOS, S.S.

Papadopulos & Associates, Inc., Rockville, Maryland

KENNETH W. POTTER,

University of Wisconsin-Madison

P. SURESH C. RAO,

University of Florida, Gainesville (through June 1991)

BRUCE E. RITTMANN,

University of Illinois, Urbana

DONALD D. RUNNELLS,

University of Colorado, Boulder

PHILIP C. SINGER,

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

HUGO F. THOMAS,

Department of Environmental Protection, Hartford, Connecticut (through May 1991)

JAMES R. WALLIS,

IBM Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York (through June 1991)

M. GORDON WOLMAN,

The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland

JOY B. ZEDLER,

San Diego State University, San Diego, California

Staff

STEPHEN D. PARKER, Director

SHEILA D. DAVID, Senior Staff Officer

CHRIS ELFRING, Senior Staff Officer

SARAH CONNICK, Staff Officer

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1991. Toward Sustainability: Soil and Water Research Priorities for Developing Countries. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1877.
×

JACQUELINE MACDONALD, Research Associate

JEANNE AQUILINO, Administrative Specialist

ANITA A. HALL, Administrative Secretary

PATRICIA CICERO, Project Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1991. Toward Sustainability: Soil and Water Research Priorities for Developing Countries. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1877.
×

BOARD ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

ALEXANDER SHAKOW, Chair,

The World Bank

PATRICIA BARNES-MCCONNELL,

Michigan State University

JORDAN J. BARUCH,

Jordan Baruch Associates

BARRY BLOOM,

Albert Einstein College of Medicine

JANE BORTNICK,

Congressional Research Service

GEORGE T. CURLIN,

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

DIRK FRANKENBERG,

University of North Carolina

RALPH W. F. HARDY,

Boyce-Thompson Institute for Plant Research at Cornell University

FREDRICK HORNE,

Oregon State University

ELLEN MESSER,

Allan Shaw Feinstein World Hunger Program, Brown University

CHARLES C. MUSCOPLAT,

Molecular Genetics, Inc.

JAMES QUINN,

Dartmouth College

VERNON W. RUTTAN,

University of Minnesota

ANTHONY SAN PIETRO,

Indiana University

ERNEST SMERDON,

University of Arizona

Ex Officio Members

GERALD P. DINEEN, Foreign Secretary,

National Academy of Engineering

JAMES B. WYNGAARDEN, Foreign Secretary,

National Academy of Sciences

Staff

JOHN HURLEY, Director

MICHAEL MCD. DOW, Associate Director

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1991. Toward Sustainability: Soil and Water Research Priorities for Developing Countries. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1877.
×

TOWARD SUSTAINABILITY

Soil and Water Research Priorities for Developing Countries

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1991. Toward Sustainability: Soil and Water Research Priorities for Developing Countries. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1877.
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Toward Sustainability: Soil and Water Research Priorities for Developing Countries Get This Book
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How can high-growth areas such as Africa, Asia, and Latin America sustain agricultural production for current and future generations? Toward Sustainability explores research priorities to support sustainable agriculture. The book identifies six areas that could offer great rewards: addressing institutional constraints on resource conservation, enhancing soil biological processes, managing soil properties, improving water resource management, matching crops to environments, and effectively incorporating social and cultural dimensions into research.

Also highlighted is the importance of developing collaborative, integrated research strategies and flexible mechanisms to periodically evaluate and reassess research priorities.

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