National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1992. U.S.-Japan Strategic Alliances in the Semiconductor Industry: Technology Transfer, Competition, and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2021.
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U.S.-Japan Strategic Alliances in the Semiconductor Industry: Technology Transfer, Competition, and Public Policy

Committee on Japan

Office of Japan Affairs

Office of International Affairs

National Research Council

National Academy Press
Washington, D.C. 1992

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1992. U.S.-Japan Strategic Alliances in the Semiconductor Industry: Technology Transfer, Competition, and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2021.
×

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Frank Press is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievement of engineers. Dr. Robert M. White is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Frank Press and Dr. Robert M. White are chairman and vice-chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.

This report was prepared with support of a grant from the United States-Japan Foundation. Available from:

Office of Japan Affairs

National Research Council

2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W.

Washington, DC 20418

National Academy Press
2101 Constitution Ave., N.W. Washington, DC 20418

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 92-64124

International Standard Book Number 0-309-04779-X

S627

First Printing, July 1992

Second Printing, October 1992

Copyright © 1992 by the National Academy of Sciences

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1992. U.S.-Japan Strategic Alliances in the Semiconductor Industry: Technology Transfer, Competition, and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2021.
×

COMMITTEE ON JAPAN

Erich Bloch, Chairman

Council on Competitiveness

C. Fred Bergsten

Institute for International Economics

Lewis M. Branscomb

Harvard University

Harold Brown

Center for Strategic and and International Studies

Lawrence W. Clarkson

The Boeing Co.

I. M. Destler

University of Maryland

Mildred S. Dresselhaus

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Daniel J. Fink

D. J. Fink Associates. Inc.

Ellen L. Frost

Institute for International Economics

Lester C. Krogh

3M Co.

E. Floyd Kvamme

Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers

Yoshio Nishi

Hewlett-Packard Co.

Daniel I. Okimoto

Stanford University

John D. Rockefeller IV

United States Senate

Richard J. Samuels

MIT Japan Program

Robert A. Scalapino

University of California, Berkeley

Hubert J. P. Schoemaker

Centocor, Inc.

Ora E. Smith

Illinois Superconductor Corp.

Albert D. Wheelon

Hughes Aircraft Co. (retired) Office of International Affairs

Ex Officio Members:

Gerald P. Dinneen, Foreign Secretary,

National Academy of Engineering

James B. Wyngaarden, Foreign Secretary,

National Academy of Sciences and Institute of Medicine

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1992. U.S.-Japan Strategic Alliances in the Semiconductor Industry: Technology Transfer, Competition, and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2021.
×

SEMICONDUCTOR WORKING GROUP ON PRIVATE SECTOR TECHNOLOGICAL LINKS BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND JAPAN

Daniel I. Okimoto (Co-Chairman)

Stanford University

Sheridan Tatsuno (Co-Chairman)

NeoConcepts

Edward J. DeWath Consultant

E. Floyd Kvamme

Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers

Yoshio Nishi

Hewlett-Packard Co.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1992. U.S.-Japan Strategic Alliances in the Semiconductor Industry: Technology Transfer, Competition, and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2021.
×

OFFICE OF JAPAN AFFAIRS

Since 1985 the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering have engaged in a series of high-level discussions on advanced technology and the international environment with a counterpart group of Japanese scientists, engineers, and industrialists. One outcome of these discussions was a deepened understanding of the importance of promoting a more balanced two-way flow of people and information between the research and development systems in the two countries. Another result was a broader recognition of the need to address the science and technology policy issues increasingly central to a changing U.S.-Japan relationship. In 1987 the National Research Council, the operating arm of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering, authorized first-year funding for a new Office of Japan Affairs (OJA). This newest program element of the Office of International Affairs was formally established in the spring of 1988.

The primary objectives of OJA are to provide a resource to the Academy complex and the broader U.S. science and engineering communities for information on Japanese science and technology, to promote better working relationships between the technical communities in the two countries by developing a process of deepened dialogue on issues of mutual concern, and to address policy issues surrounding a changing U.S.-Japan science and technology relationship.

Staff

Martha Caldwell Harris, Director

Thomas Arrison, Research Associate

Maki Fife, Program Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1992. U.S.-Japan Strategic Alliances in the Semiconductor Industry: Technology Transfer, Competition, and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2021.
×
This page in the original is blank.
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1992. U.S.-Japan Strategic Alliances in the Semiconductor Industry: Technology Transfer, Competition, and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2021.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1992. U.S.-Japan Strategic Alliances in the Semiconductor Industry: Technology Transfer, Competition, and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2021.
×

6.

 

ISSUES FOR U.S. POLICY: JAPANESE INVESTMENTS AND U.S. COMPETITIVENESS

 

51

7.

 

ISSUES FOR U.S. POLICY: NATIONAL SECURITY

 

54

8.

 

ISSUES FOR U.S. POLICY: GLOBAL TECHNOLOGICAL STRATIFICATION AND U.S. TECHNOLOGICAL CAPABILITIES

 

59

   

Upstream Trends: The Semiconductor Equipment Industry

 

59

   

Downstream Trends: Systems, Components, and Proprietary Architectures

 

61

9.

 

POSSIBLE SCENARIOS FOR U.S.-JAPAN ALLIANCES AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS FOR THE UNITED STATES

 

67

   

Scenario 1: Gradual U.S. Recovery

 

67

   

Scenario 2: Market Share Equilibrium

 

68

   

Scenario 3: Gradual U.S. Decline

 

69

   

Scenario 4: Japanese Dominance

 

70

   

Scenario 5: Pacific Rim Dominance

 

71

10.

 

CONCLUSIONS

 

74

   

Examples of U.S.-Japan Alliances: Assessing Costs and Benefits

 

75

   

Semiconductors as a Strategic Industry

 

83

   

Competitive Advantage: Issues for U.S. Industry

 

86

   

National Interests: Issues for the U.S. Government

 

87

 

 

APPENDIXES

 

 

A.

 

Case Studies of U.S.-Japan Technology Linkages in Semiconductors

 

91

   

Case I: Motorola-Toshiba

 

91

   

Case II: Sun-Fujitsu

 

101

   

Case III: Kubota Computer

 

109

B.

 

Examples of Japanese Acquisitions and Investments in U.S. Semiconductor Companies

 

113

C.

 

Examples of Japanese Acquisitions and Investments in U.S. Semiconductor Equipment and Materials Companies

 

115

   

D. Workshop on U.S.-Japan Technology Linkages in Semiconductors: Agenda and Participants

 

117

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1992. U.S.-Japan Strategic Alliances in the Semiconductor Industry: Technology Transfer, Competition, and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2021.
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PageR1
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1992. U.S.-Japan Strategic Alliances in the Semiconductor Industry: Technology Transfer, Competition, and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2021.
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PageR2
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1992. U.S.-Japan Strategic Alliances in the Semiconductor Industry: Technology Transfer, Competition, and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2021.
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PageR3
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1992. U.S.-Japan Strategic Alliances in the Semiconductor Industry: Technology Transfer, Competition, and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2021.
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PageR4
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1992. U.S.-Japan Strategic Alliances in the Semiconductor Industry: Technology Transfer, Competition, and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2021.
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PageR5
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1992. U.S.-Japan Strategic Alliances in the Semiconductor Industry: Technology Transfer, Competition, and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2021.
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PageR6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1992. U.S.-Japan Strategic Alliances in the Semiconductor Industry: Technology Transfer, Competition, and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2021.
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PageR7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1992. U.S.-Japan Strategic Alliances in the Semiconductor Industry: Technology Transfer, Competition, and Public Policy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2021.
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PageR8
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This book reviews the evolution of strategic alliances involving U.S. and Japanese companies in the semiconductor industry and analyzes whether alliances can contribute to the renewal of an industry faced with stiff competition from Japan. It includes case studies, alternative future scenarios, and suggestions for government and industry.

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