Exploring Disaster Human Services
for Children and Youth
From Hurricane Katrina to the Paradise Wildfires
PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP SERIES
Anna Nicholson, Aurelia Attal-Juncqua, and Scott Wollek, Rapporteurs
Board on Health Sciences Policy
Health and Medicine Division
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001
This activity was supported by a contract between the National Academy of Sciences and the Office of Human Services Emergency Preparedness and Response at the Administration for Children and Families at the Department of Health and Human Services. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.
International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-48333-9
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-48333-6
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/26158
Additional copies of this publication are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC, 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.
Copyright 2021 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Printed in the United States of America
Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Exploring disaster human services for children and youth: From Hurricane Katrina to the Paradise wildfires: Proceedings of a workshop series. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26158.
The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.
The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. John L. Anderson is president.
The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.
The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.
Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.
Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.
Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.
For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.
PLANNING COMMITTEE ON EXPLORING BEST PRACTICES IN INTEGRATION OF PUBLIC HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES SERVICE DELIVERY AND ASSESSMENT FOLLOWING LARGE-SCALE DISASTERS1
ROBERTA LAVIN (Chair), Professor and Ph.D. Program Director, University of New Mexico College of Nursing
SHERLITA AMLER, Commissioner, Westchester County Department of Health
HEATHER BEAL, President and Founder, BLOCKS Inc.
ANNA FEIGUM, Emergency Services Coordinator, Oregon Department of Human Services
CAROL FLORES, Texas Disaster Case Management Program Grant Coordinator, National Voluntary Organizations Active in Disasters
JENNIFER HORNEY, Professor and Founding Director of the Program in Epidemiology and Core Faculty, University of Delaware Disaster Research Center
LESLIE LUKE, Deputy Director, Los Angeles County Office of Emergency Management
DESI MATTEL-ANDERSON, Chief Wrangler, The Field Innovation Team; Chief Executive Officer, Global Disaster Innovation Group, LLC
CHARLOTTE OLSEN, Emergency Manager, Colorado Department of Human Services
JEFF SCHLEGELMILCH, Deputy Director, National Center for Disaster Preparedness, Earth Institute, Columbia University
RICHARD SERINO, Distinguished Senior Fellow, National Preparedness Leadership Initiative, Harvard University
JOELLE SIMPSON, Medical Director for Emergency Preparedness, Children’s National Hospital
TARAH SOMER, Commissioned Officer, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR); Regional Director, ATSDR Region1
Health and Medicine Division Staff
SCOTT WOLLEK, Senior Program Officer
AURELIA ATTAL-JUNCQUA, Associate Program Officer
MICHAEL BERRIOS, Research Associate
1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the workshop, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop Series rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution.
KIM SUTTON, Senior Program Assistant
ANDREW M. POPE, Senior Director, Board on Health Sciences Policy
ANNA NICHOLSON, Science Writer
LAURA RUNNELS, LAR Consulting
This Proceedings of a Workshop Series was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.
We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings:
GAIL KELSO, Child Care Disaster Relief and Recovery, ICF
JULIE LOOPER-COATS, ChildCare Aware of America
JESSICA VERMILYEA, Lutheran Social Services Disaster Response, Upbring
Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by LYNN R. GOLDMAN, Milken Institute School of Public Health, The George Washington University. She was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the National Academies.
This page intentionally left blank.
Boxes and Figure
This page intentionally left blank.
|ACE||adverse childhood experience|
|ACF||Administration for Children and Families|
|ACL||Administration for Community Living|
|ANA||Administration for Native Americans|
|ARC||American Red Cross|
|ASPR||Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response|
|CARES||Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act|
|CCDF||Child Care Development Fund|
|CDC||Centers for Disease Control and Prevention|
|CSBG||community services block grant|
|EBT||electronic benefit transfer|
|ECD||Office of Early Childhood Development|
|ESF||Emergency Support Function|
|FEMA||Federal Emergency Management Agency|
|FVPSA||Family Violence Prevention and Services Act|
|HHS||Department of Health and Human Services|
|LIHEAP||Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program|
|NCCD||National Commission on Children and Disasters|
|NCMEC||National Center for Missing & Exploited Children|
|OCC||Office of Child Care|
|OCS||Office of Community Services|
|OHS||Office of Head Start|
|OHSEPR||Office of Human Services Emergency Preparedness and Response|
|ORR||Office of Refugee Resettlement|
|OSEP||Office of Special Education Programs|
|OTIP||Office on Trafficking in Persons|
|SAMHSA||Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration|
|SBA||Small Business Administration|
|SNA||social network analysis|
|SNAP||Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program|
|SSBG||social services block grant|
|STC||Save the Children|
|TANF||Temporary Assistance for Needy Families|
|VOAD||voluntary organization active in disaster|
|WIC||Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children|
|YDI||Youth Development Institute of Puerto Rico|